Hawaii Convention Center to host major medical conference
More than 4,500 healthcare professionals from 50 countries will converge on the Hawaii Convention Center for the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference, to be held Feb. 6-8, the center announced Tuesday. It's the second time Hawaii is hosting the conference. "The center first hosted the International Stroke Conference in 2013, and we are looking forward to welcoming this world-class meeting back to Hawaii, kicking off a year of major medical and scientific gatherings here,"…
Objectives: First, to validate bedside estimates of effective arterial elastance = end-systolic pressure/stroke volume in critically ill patients. Second, to document the added value of effective arterial elastance, which is increasingly used as an index of left ventricular afterload. Design: Prospective study. Setting: Medical ICU. Patients: Fifty hemodynamically stable and spontaneously breathing patients equipped with a femoral (n = 21) or radial (n = 29) catheter were entered in a “comparison” study. Thirty ventilated patients with invasive hemodynamic monitoring (PiCCO-2; Pulsion Medical Systems...
Conclusions: Intensivists should consider the modern literature describing prognosis for devastating brain injury and provide appropriate time for patient recovery and for discussions with the patient’s surrogates. Surrogates wish to have a prognosis enumerated even when uncertainty exists. These discussions must be handled with care and include admission of uncertainty when it exists. Respect for patient autonomy remains paramount, although physicians are not required to provide inappropriate medical therapies.
Publication date: Available online 16 March 2019Source: Stem Cell ResearchAuthor(s): M. Barzegar, G. Kaur, F.N.E. Gavins, Y. Wang, C. Boyer, J.S. AlexanderAbstractIschemia-reperfusion injury (I/RI), produced by an initial interruption of organ blood flow and its subsequent restoration, contributes significantly to the pathophysiologies of stroke, myocardial infarction, renal I/RI, intestinal I/RI and liver I/RI, which are major causes of disability (including transplant failure) and even mortality. While the restoration of blood flow is required to restore oxygen and nutrient requirements, reperfusion often triggers local ...
Although regions of stasis such as the left atrial appendage (LAA) may be potential sites of thrombus formation during atrial fibrillation (AF), its thrombotic contribution during high flow mechanical unloading is unknown. Moreover, registry studies only show a mixed association of AF and stroke during continuous flow left ventricular assist device (CF LVAD) support. Since a lower peak Left Atrial Appendage Emptying Velocity (LAAEV) of less than 40 cm/s during AF, mechanistically contributes to thrombosis and stroke in non-CF LVAD populations, we sought to evaluate the LAAEV in CF LVAD patients with and without AF.
This report describes baseline AC data from ACTION centers, including agents used and aggregate levels of performance, to inform development of specific interventions.
Ventricular assist device (VAD) patients experience infections, which increase the risk of stroke and mortality. We aimed to characterize key differences in clinical outcomes for VAD patients based on the ISHLT categorization of infections: VAD-specific (e.g. pump component related), VAD-related (e.g. bloodstream infection, BSI) and non-VAD infections (e.g. pneumonia).
In the normal, pulsatile circulation, the hemodynamic pattern of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) differs from the central retinal artery (CRA). Whether continuous flow from a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) alters this relationship is not known. Since serious adverse events in different end-organs, such as stroke and GI bleeding, are frequent in LVAD patients, comparing hemodynamics in different arterial beds may enhance our understanding of the specific pathophysiology of these complications.
Stroke is a major complication with potentially devastating consequences for patients receiving veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO). Arterial cannulation sites for VA-ECMO include ascending aorta, axillary artery, and femoral artery. However, rates of stroke according to cannulation site are currently unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between occurrence and patterns of stroke with ECMO arterial cannulation sites.
Patients with advanced HF are at increased risk for intra-cardiac thrombus formation. The impact of pre-existing left atrial (LA) or left ventricular (LV) thrombi on post-operative outcomes in LVAD patients is unknown.