Prospective associations of low muscle mass and strength with health-related quality of life over 10-year in community-dwelling older adults.

CONCLUSIONS: Lower-limb muscle strength and handgrip strength (in women only), which can be easily measured in clinical practice, appear more important than muscle mass for HRQoL. PMID: 30641106 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Experimental Gerontology - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Exp Gerontol Source Type: research

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Conclusion Having frequent births throughout the whole reproductive age and having more than one child in adolescence has an adverse effect on postmenopausal bone mineral densities. PMID: 30880829 [PubMed]
Source: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde - Category: OBGYN Tags: Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd Source Type: research
Authors: Han E, Cho NH, Kim MK, Kim HS Abstract BACKGROUND: Although the involvement of obesity in metabolic disorders is well known, leg fat depot influences on albuminuria have not been determined. METHODS: This population-based, cross-sectional study used a nationally representative sample of 2,076 subjects aged ≥20 years from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys of 2008 to 2011. The ratio of leg fat to total fat (LF/TF ratio) was assessed by dual X-ray absorptiometry, and albuminuria was defined as more than one positive dipstick test or an albumin-to-creatinine ratio of ≥30 mg/...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes Metab J Source Type: research
Conclusion Combined impact loading and resistance exercise attenuates bone loss at the spine and enhances overall musculoskeletal function in PCa patients undergoing ADT.
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: CLINICAL SCIENCES Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeTo evaluate the diagnostic performance of Hounsfield unit histogram analysis (HUHA) of precontrast abdominal-pelvic CT scans for predicting osteoporosis.Materials and methodsThe study included 271 patients who had undergone dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and abdominal-pelvic CT within 1 month. HUHA was measured using commercial 3D analysis software (Aquarius iNtuition v4.4.12Ⓡ, TeraRecon) and expressed as a percentage of seven HU range categories related to the ROI: A
Source: European Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Authors: Haschke F, Binder C, Huber-Dangl M, Haiden N Abstract It is well established that nutrition during the first 1,000 days of life can have a long-term effect on growth, metabolic outcome, and long-term health. We review the long-term anthropometric follow-ups of children with risk of later morbidity: (a) very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants who have birth weights
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research
Authors: Woudberg NJ, Lecour S, Goedecke JH Abstract Although cross-sectional studies have shown that obesity is associated with lower concentrations of large high-density lipoprotein (HDL) subclasses, it is unknown if changes in HDL subclasses are related to changes in body fat and its distribution over time. We therefore assessed changes in HDL subclass distribution over a 5.5-year free-living follow-up period in 24 black South African women. At baseline and follow-up, body composition and body fat distribution were measured using anthropometry, dual X-ray absorptiometry, and computerized tomography. HDL subclass...
Source: Journal of Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research
no DL Abstract BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) is responsible for significant changes in body composition. AIMS: We aimed to test the association between PD severity and fat distribution patterns, and to investigate the potential modifier effect of nutritional status in this association. METHODS: We enrolled 195 PD subjects consecutively admitted to a university geriatric day hospital. All participants underwent comprehensive clinical evaluation, including assessment of total and regional body composition (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, DXA), body mass index, nutritional status (Mini-Nutritional ...
Source: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Aging Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
Abstract With declining mortality rates, the number of breast cancer survivors is increasing. Ongoing care after breast cancer treatment is often provided by primary care physicians. This care includes surveillance for cancer recurrence with a history and physical examination every three to six months for the first three years after treatment, every six to 12 months for two more years, and annually thereafter. Mammography is performed annually. Magnetic resonance imaging of the breast is not indicated unless patients are at high risk of recurrence, such as having a hereditary cancer syndrome. Many breast cancer su...
Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research
ConclusionsThese updated guidelines were designed to offer valid guidance on fracture risk assessment, diagnosis-pharmacological treatment-follow-up of osteoporosis based on updated information and national evidence from clinical practice and the healthcare setting. Clinical judgment is essential in the management of every individual patient for the purpose of achieving the optimal outcome in the safest possible way.
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Early childhood protein intake may contribute to programming lean mass and IGF-I around the time of puberty in boys, but not to adiposity development. This study was registered at as NCT02820402. PMID: 30869114 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research
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