Evaluation of Worksite Wellness Nutrition and Physical Activity Programs and Their Subsequent Impact on Participants' Body Composition.

Conclusion: Evidence supports that future worksite wellness programs that are designed using a motivational theory and content that is created relevant to participants' needs and that has frequent interactions with participants may result in a change in body composition. PMID: 30631593 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Related Links:

Purpose Bariatric surgery is considered as an effective therapeutic strategy for weight loss in severe obesity. Remission of type 2 diabetes is often achieved after the surgery. We investigated whether increase in self-reported habitual physical activity associates with improved skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity and reduction of fat depots after bariatric surgery. Methods We assessed self-reported habitual physical activity using Baecke questionnaire in 18 diabetic and 28 nondiabetic patients with morbid obesity (median age, 46 yr; body mass index, 42.0 kg·m−2) before and 6 months after bariatric surger...
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: CLINICAL SCIENCES Source Type: research
Conclusions Substantial variability in response to standardized exercise was observed for change in both WC and body weight after accounting for the variability not attributed to exercise. Potential determinants of the interindividual variability in response to exercise remain unclear.
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: APPLIED SCIENCES Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONSFuture research is needed to determine whether obese women seeking abortions are being referred despite evidence that they do not require hospital ‐based care. If obese women are suffering delays because of referral, strategies to help overcome delay should also be explored.
Source: The Guttmacher Institute - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: news
We describe an adolescent with severe obesity, iron deficiency, poor iron absorption, and their impact on decision-making for surgical treatment of her severe obesity. We present a case of a 15-year-old female with a BMI of 50 kg/m2 who was referred for bariatric surgery requesting a RYGB. During her preoperative evaluation, mild iron deficiency anemia was identified after noting a low hemoglobin concentration and mean corpuscular volume. Endoscopic biopsy revealed mild chronic gastritis. Iron supplementation over a 9-month period did not improve her anemia preoperatively and an oral iron challenge demonstrated inadequat...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study showed that the occurrence of OSA in patients with MG is associated with male sex and obesity, which is in accordance with the normal population. Moreover, PSG data showed a high prevalence of supine dominant OSA in MG patients with OSA.
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe simple energy balance model of obesity is inconsistent with the available findings on obesity etiology, prevention, and treatment. Yet, the most commonly stated causes of pediatric obesity are predicated on this model. A more comprehensive biological model is needed upon which to base behavioral interventions aimed at obesity prevention. In this light, alternative etiologies are little investigated and thereby poorly understood.Recent FindingsThree candidate alternate etiologies are briefly presented: infectobesity, the gut microbiome, and circadian rhythms.SummaryBehavioral child obesity preve...
Source: Current Nutrition Reports - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
ConclusionIn this Hispanic population undergoing the nutrition transition, total red meat intake may have an impact on MetS. Based on the relatively low consumption of red meat in Costa Rica compared to other Westernized countries, we hypothesize that a “threshold effect” may exist for unprocessed and processed red meat.
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeVitamin D regulates adipokine production in vitro; however, clinical trials have been inconclusive. We conducted secondary analyses of a randomized controlled trial to examine whether vitamin D supplementation improves adipokine concentrations in overweight/obese and vitamin D-deficient adults.MethodsSixty-five individuals with a BMI  ≥ 25 kg/m2 and 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D)  ≤ 50 nmol/L were randomized to oral cholecalciferol (100,000 IU single bolus followed by 4,000 IU daily) or matching placebo for 16 weeks. We measured BMI, waist-to-hip ratio, % ...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Conclusion: A high rate of patients not adherent to the immunosuppressive treatment was identified (41.4%). There was no significant correlation between creatinine level and receptor age at time of KTP, time after KTP, immunosuppressive separation time and total score and scores of individual BAASIS® items. T his study showed that black, male recipients without a family support network, obese and autonomous are more likely not to adhere to immunosuppressive therapy. The evaluation of renal transplant recipient adhesion should be considered during all phases of the nursing process actions that make up the therapeutic pl...
Source: Acta Paulista de Enfermagem - Category: Nursing Source Type: research
ConclusionThese data suggest that while GDF15 does not play a role in the potent effects of VSG in mice there seems to be a potential therapeutic benefit of activating GFRAL and GLP-1R systems simultaneously.
Source: Molecular Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
More News: Academies | Databases & Libraries | Eating Disorders & Weight Management | Education | International Medicine & Public Health | Nutrition | Obesity | Study | Universities & Medical Training