Evaluation of Worksite Wellness Nutrition and Physical Activity Programs and Their Subsequent Impact on Participants' Body Composition.

Conclusion: Evidence supports that future worksite wellness programs that are designed using a motivational theory and content that is created relevant to participants' needs and that has frequent interactions with participants may result in a change in body composition. PMID: 30631593 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

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Conclusion: Gene-lifestyle interaction studies on the same candidate gene in different populations have reported information which is challenging to interpret. Thus, it is difficult to arrive at a particular model for a strategy on weight management at this point in time. Most of the intervention studies focus on the effect of variants of a single candidate gene on weight loss. Further evidence from large-scale studies is necessary to assess the effect of multiple candidate genes to compute a gene score that could be used in a model intervention programme. Our review suggests that a healthy lifestyle with a balanced diet a...
Source: Public Health Genomics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
This study investigated the impact of body composition in the arterial stiffness of children with chronic kidney disease (CKD).MethodsFat mass (FM), fat tissue index (FTI), fat-free mass (FFM), fat-free tissue index (FFTI), and FFTI/FTI were measured in 26 patients and 25 healthy controls by bio-impedance analysis. Data on patient ’s body mass index (BMI) for height-age, serum albumin, glomerular filtration rate (GFR), blood pressure status, and pulse wave velocity (PWV) were collected in patients.ResultsPatients presented lower levels of FM and FFM compared to healthy controls (p = 0.04 andp =&t...
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
This study investigated whether a newly developed smartphone game delivering individualized exercise and physical activity promotion through an elaborate storyline can generate sustained improvements in daily physical activity (steps/day).Study designThirty-six participants were enrolled in this 24-week RCT between August 2016 and April 2018. After baseline assessment, participants were randomized in equal numbers to the intervention or control condition. Data analysis was performed in May–June 2018.Setting/participantsInactive, overweight type 2 diabetes patients, aged 45–70 years, were recruited through adver...
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 May 2019Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Jessica L. McCurley, Douglas E. Levy, Eric B. Rimm, Emily D. Gelsomin, Emma M. Anderson, Jenny M. Sanford, Anne N. ThorndikeIntroductionMost Americans spend half their waking hours at work and consume food acquired there. The hypothesis was that the healthfulness of worksite food purchases was associated with employees’ overall diet and health.MethodsParticipants were 602 hospital employees who regularly used worksite cafeterias and enrolled in a health promotion study in 2016–2018. All cafeterias used traffi...
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Dr Heshmati and colleagues looked retrospectively at the outcomes of bariatric surgery (BS) in patients with concurrent inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Our overall knowledge of the relationship between obesity and the immune system, particularly looking at inflammation and gut microbiota, is still quite limited, but we can begin to learn about these relationships with retrospective reviews such as this one.
Source: Journal of the American College of Surgeons - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: New England surgical society article Source Type: research
This study compared the effects of two exercise programs performed in different intensities, but equal overall energy expenditure (EE). Adult men with obesity (29.6 ± 4.9 years; BMI = 35.1 ± 3.3 kg/m2) were randomised to one of three groups: High-intensity interval training (HIIT- 10 × 1:1 min 100% VO2max; n = 13); Moderate intensity continuous training (MICT - ˜35 min 65% VO2max; n = 13) or Control (no training; n = 6). The session EE (HIIT = 278.0 ±&t...
Source: Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Although gastric bypass surgery is linked to'myriad health benefits'for those with obesity, an increased fracture risk'is an important factor to discuss with patients,'says the lead author of new study.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape FamilyMedicine Headlines - Category: Primary Care Tags: Diabetes & Endocrinology News Source Type: news
Conditions:   Sleep Apnea;   Overweight and Obesity Interventions:   Other: Tailored intervention;   Other: Control Sponsors:   Raphael Heinzer;   Swiss Lung Association;   Ligue Pulmonaire Vaudoise Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
There is increasing interest in the concept that early life exposures, including adverse childhood experiences, may be associated with later obesity, metabolic syndrome, and increased risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. In this volume of The Journal, Doom et al utilized a longitudinal study in Chile to study these potential relationships. Because this was a retrospective cohort study, there were some limitations in what was measured and when measurements were made. They used maternal depressive symptoms, stressful life events, poor support for child development, absence of the father, and socioeconomic status ...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research
Authors: Chen H, Deng Y, Li S Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of the body mass index (BMI) categories with the risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in a systematic review and meta-analysis.We systematically searched the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases up to February 2018 for all studies reporting an association between BMI and risk of SCD. Relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were extracted and pooled using a random effects model.A total of 10 studies involving 1,381,445 participants were included in the meta-analysis. Overall, compared with the risk le...
Source: International Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int Heart J Source Type: research
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