Identifying Language for People on the Autism Spectrum: A Scoping Review.
Identifying Language for People on the Autism Spectrum: A Scoping Review. Issues Ment Health Nurs. 2019 Jan 11;:1-9 Authors: Shakes P, Cashin A Abstract Person-first language is considered a central component to recovery oriented person-centred care; however, there is a growing adoption of identify-first language among autistic advocates. Mental health nurses require awareness of critical autism issues given the high prevalence of comorbid psychopathology. This scoping review of literature from 2010 to 2018 regarding identifying language for people on the autism spectrum identified a paucity of research that systematically explored and considered antagonisms, representation, and potential consequences of either of the current modes of identifying language becoming dominant. Mental health nurses should appreciate the complexity within identifying language and adopt context dependent language. PMID: 30633618 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions and implicationsAdjustments are needed to the custody process and environment to support interactions between autistic individuals and officers and improve the overall wellbeing of autistic individuals.
Conclusions: The TRANSITION-programme is a promising concept that deserves further evaluation. PMID: 31790309 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
(Northwestern University) Scientists have discovered why a specific genetic mutation causes intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorder in children. The mutation results in fewer brain synapses, making it harder for the brain to learn. The discovery offers a new target for treatment.
This study suggested that excessive GWG was associated with higher risk of ASD in offspring.What the implications are of these findings for clinical practice and/or further research? More high quality cohort studies are needed to confirm this result. This research has the potential to inspire new research on ASD and promote efforts to design appropriate interventions against excessive GWG. PMID: 31790315 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
This article reviews what is known about barriers to recognition in the elderly, the prevalence of ASD over the lifespan, outcomes in adulthood in comparison to the general population, co-occurring psychiatric diagnoses, and healthcare needs in this population.
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis review aims to summarize the current body of behavioral, physiological, and molecular knowledge concerning tactile sensitivity in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), with a focus on recent studies utilizing rodent models.Recent FindingsMice with mutations in the ASD-related genes, Shank3, Fmr1, UBE3A, and Mecp2, display tactile abnormalities. Some of these abnormalities appear to be caused by mutation-related changes in the PNS, as opposed to changes in the processing of touch stimuli in the CNS, as previously thought. There is also growing evidence suggesting that peripheral mechanisms may contri...
We constantly communicate while we’re at work. We greet co-workers on the way into work. We chat at lunch with people about our favorite shows and weekend plans. Communication in the workplace, no matter how short or how long, is an essential part of how we’re perceived and how we participate as a professional team member. It’s an example of a “soft skill” that contributes to job success. These vocational soft skills can present challenges for older students with communication disorders who are seeking meaningful and competitive employment. Work: Only Its Name Will Stay the Same What&rsq...
We present evidence that the SAGA complex is necessary for homeostatic plasticity, demonstrating involvement of four new genes in homeostatic plasticity. This is also evidence that glia participate in presynaptic homeostatic plasticity, invoking previously unexplored intercellular, homeostatic signaling at a tripartite synapse. We show, mechanistically, SAGA signaling regulates the composition of and signaling from the extracellular matrix during homeostatic plasticity.
Publication date: Available online 4 December 2019Source: Genomics, Proteomics &BioinformaticsAuthor(s): Guan Ning Lin, Sijia Guo, Xian Tan, Weidi Wang, Wei Qian, Weichen Song, Jingru Wang, Shunying Yu, Zhen Wang, Donghong Cui, Han WangAbstractDe novo variants (DNVs) are one of the most significant contributors to severe early-onset genetic disorders such as autism spectrum disorder, intellectual disability, and other developmental and neuropsychiatric (DNP) disorders. Presently, a plethora of DNVs have been identified using next-generation sequencing, and many efforts have been made to understand their impact at the g...