Acute abdominal trauma.

CONCLUSION: Progress in radiology has led to an increasingly more important role for radiology in the management of traumatic abdominal injury. Therefore, it is crucial for the radiologist to gain interdisciplinary knowledge of the relevant trauma mechanisms and injury patterns of the severely injured patient in order to provide a treatment process that provides the optimal outcome. PMID: 30627752 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Der Radiologe - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

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ConclusionEmergency physicians should know about this potential complication as an important differential diagnosis resulting from acute abdominal complaints in patients with ventriculoperitoneal shunts.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur results suggest that hyperostosis of the posterior longitudinal ligament in OPLL may not be associated with bone strength and bone mineral status at the extremities.
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Authors: Guo L, Chen B, Zhang L, Deng Y, Li H, Shi QD Abstract A 49-year-old female patient developed chest tightness and shortness of breath without apparent cause and presented to a local hospital. Chest radiography indicated increased thickening of the lung texture, increased multiple patchy densities in the lower lobes of the bilateral lungs and a slightly enlarged thyroid. The patient was treated for pulmonary infection with antibiotics but the symptoms persisted. A repeated CT scan revealed ground-glass attenuation of the bilateral lungs with multiple flaky exudates and visible bronchogenic signs. The symptom...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
A 63-year-old man with elevated prostate-specific antigen serum levels and enlarged prostate gland underwent ultrasound-guided transrectal biopsy, which did not reveal any evidence of malignancy. In order to help guidance of repeat biopsy, 68Ga–prostate-specific membrane antigen–targeted ligand PET (PSMA PET/CT) was ordered. PET/CT scan showed no abnormal PSMA expression within the prostate gland. There were, however, multiple PSMA-expressing osteolytic lesions throughout the axial skeleton. Bone lesion biopsy obtained for final workup revealed multiple solitary plasmacytomas with multifocal bone involvement. T...
Source: Clinical Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Interesting Images Source Type: research
AbstractPsoriatic disease (PsD) is a multisystem inflammatory disorder with a high prevalence of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors contributing to accelerated atherosclerosis and its sequelae. Imaging studies, notably with ultrasound, computed tomography, and positron emission tomography (PET) scanning have confirmed significant atherosclerotic change with plaque formation and vessel stenosis. Atherosclerosis is likely driven by a combination of traditional risk factors which occur more frequently in PsD and by systemic inflammation with associated pro-inflammatory cytokine production. While the mechanisms driving atheroscl...
Source: Rheumatology and Therapy - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
AbstractThe main aim of this study was to assess whether the ultrasound examination and measurement of the pyloric antral cross-sectional area (antral-CSA) in the supine position could be useful to diagnose a full stomach using a computed tomography (CT) as a comparator in emergency patients. Immediately before general anesthesia induction in patients undergoing emergency abdominal surgery, antral-CSA was measured and the volume of the gastric contents was evaluated via ultrasound in the supine position. Gastric content volume was also calculated from a CT image taken prior to the operation. The primary outcome of this stu...
Source: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing - Category: Information Technology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This smartphone application coupled with targeting device can be used in various settings such as EVD placement in hydrocephalus and in other brain targeting candidates in emergency settings. Also, it may be used in any emergency or neurosurgery department centers with no access to advanced neuro-imaging facilities, only using patient's simple cranial measures to achieve acceptable and highly accurate brain targeting compared with conventional, time consuming and costly techniques. We plan to expand this study to clinical trials for further evaluation. PMID: 31802048 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Hell J Nucl Med Source Type: research
Authors: Ji X, Zhou S, Yang P, Liu F, Li Y, Li H Abstract Ultrasound (US) combined with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of primary hepatocellular carcinoma (PHCC) and recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma (RHCC) were compared. The clinical data of 329 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) admitted to Qingdao Women and Children's Hospital from June 2015 to December 2017 were collected. One hundred and sixty patients with PHCC were regarded as the PHCC group, and the other 169 patients with RHCC were regarded as the RHCC group. US and MRI were used in the imaging diagnosis of both groups and the...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
This article discusses the 4 main imaging modalities used to evaluate reproductive-aged women: ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, and fluoroscopy. For each modality, major clinical indications are described, along with important technical considerations unique to imaging reproductive-aged women. Finally, key safety issues are discussed, particularly with regard to imaging pregnant patients.
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractLiver transplantation has become a definitive treatment for patients with end-stage liver disease and those meeting Milan criteria for hepatocellular carcinoma. The morbidity and mortality associated with liver transplantation continues to decrease thanks to refinements in surgical technique, immunosuppression, and imaging. In particular, imaging plays a vital role by facilitating early detection of post-operative complications and enabling prompt treatment. Post-operative complications that lead to graft failure and patient morbidity/mortality can be generally categorized as vascular, biliary, parenchymal, and mal...
Source: Abdominal Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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