Mona and Samir, a new chance

In August 2014, ISIS attacked the Iraqi town of Sinjar, targeting the Yezidi community. They executed men and abducted thousands women and children.  Mona and Samir, a mother and son. were amongst them.  Soon, 8 year-old Samir was separated from his mother.   Mona was sold as a slave in Mosul, and subjected to two years of physical, sexual, and emotional violence before her rela­tives found her and paid for her freedom. To protect her, they took her to Chamesku camp in northern Iraq. When we first met her, Mona was distressed and traumatised from her experiences and suffered horrible nightmares and flashbacks. She was terrified that she would be kidnapped again. At Doctors of the World’s Health Care Centre, she was referred to a mental health specialists to start treating the psychological wounds.   A year later, Samir was also found and brought to the camp to be reunited with his mother.    He had lived for three years under ISIS rule and been kept as a servant where he was subjected to severe abuse and propaganda. He was trained in methods of violence and learnt how to make explosive devices, how to use different weapons and witnessed torture, and beheadings.     When he first came to the camp, his behaviour was not typical for a child his age. Samir was had strong radical beliefs and no interest in socializing with other children or adults. Mona reported that he was aggress...
Source: Doctors of the World News - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Uncategorised Source Type: news

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ConclusionsThe prevalence of RBD in patients with IA did not differ from that in the general population, whereas ND presented a 2 ‐fold increased prevalence. Whether RBD can be considered a red flag signaling an internal danger remains an open question, while ND may be a new player in this intriguing relation.
Source: Brain and Behavior - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Conclusions:Results point to a possible overlap in brain mechanisms involved in nightmare dysphoria (during sleep) and distress (during wakefulness) among individuals who frequently recall nightmares. They provide partial support for a neurocognitive model of nightmares.Commentary:A commentary on this article appears in this issue on page 179.Citation:Marquis LP, Julien SH, Baril AA, Blanchette-Carrière C, Paquette T, Carr M, Soucy JP, Montplaisir J, Nielsen T. Nightmare severity is inversely related to frontal brain activity during waking state picture viewing.J Clin Sleep Med. 2019;15(2):253–264.
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Schlarb AA Abstract Learning how to Sleep: Principles and Guidelines for Diagnostics and Treatment for Insomnia and Nightmares in Childhood and Adolescence Impaired sleep, short sleep duration and sleep disorders appears also in early life. The most frequent sleep disorders are insomnia and nightmares. Risk of chronification is high and daytime impairments are extensively from emotion regulation problems, impaired performance, and aggression up to suicidality. Therefore, early diagnostic and treatment is necessary. As symptoms vary according to age, treatment should be strictly age-dependent. Various guide...
Source: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie - Category: Child Development Tags: Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr Source Type: research
The story of The Medical FuturistThe mission of a futuristThe most transformative technology: A.I.The mission of The Medical FuturistThe business modelCommunication of science to wide audiencesScience fiction and scienceData measurementData privacyAdvice to health policy-makersThe gap between the haves and have-nots Nightmare scenarios The future of the doctor-patient relationshipGenetics and gene editingMars and healthcare What do archaeologists and futurists have in common? Why was the Internet underestimated as a technology to transform society while A.I. is over-hyped? What’s the most transformative concept in...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Great Thinkers Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 8 February 2019Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Natalia Malikowska-Racia, Kinga SalatAbstractRecent progress in the field of neurobiology supported by clinical evidence gradually reveals the mystery of human brain functioning. So far, many psychiatric disorders have been described in great detail, although there are still plenty of cases that are misunderstood. These include posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which is a unique disease that combines a wide range of neurobiological changes, which involve disturbances of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal gland axis,...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
“To die, to sleep — perchance to dream — ay, there’s the rub, for in this sleep of death what dreams may come…” – William Shakespeare, Hamlet Everyone requires sleep in order to function properly. Sleep is known to aid in healing, in memory formation, reducing stress, eliminating toxins – literally wiping the slate clean of the day’s experiences to begin anew. The subject of decades of research, sleep science continues to amass evidence of new health benefits from sleep. A Single Gene Ties Sleep to Immunity A newly discovered single gene, called nemuri, increase...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Agitation Anger Memory and Perception Psychology Research Sleep Anger Management Circadian Rhythm Immune Function Insomnia nemuri nightmare disorder Nightmares Sleep Apnea Sleep Disorder sleep quality Source Type: blogs
 We all know that addiction, severe depression, and other conditions change our personality. What few know, however, is just how deeply ingrained that change can be, and how difficult (and scary) it can be to try to become “ourselves” again. In this episode, we examine such changes through the experiences of our guest, who overcame depression and addiction, and now helps others do the same. Subscribe to Our Show! And Remember to Review Us! About Our Guest David Essel, MS, OM, is a number one best-selling author (10), counselor, master life coach, international speaker and ministe...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Depression General Recovery The Psych Central Show Addiction David Essel Gabe Howard Personality Vincent M. Wales Source Type: blogs
AbstractPosttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a highly prevalent, debilitating disorder found to develop after exposure to a potentially traumatic event (PTE). Individuals with PTSD often report sleep disturbances, specifically nightmares and insomnia, which are listed within the criteria for PTSD. This research examined prevalence of insomnia and nightmares within a national sample of 2,647 adults (data weighted by age and sex to correct for differences in sample distribution) who had been exposed to one or more PTEs. Prevalence of self ‐reported sleep disturbance, sleep disturbances by PTE type, and gender difference...
Source: Journal of Traumatic Stress - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 29 January 2019Source: NeuroImage: ClinicalAuthor(s): Lampros Perogamvros, Hyeong-Dong Park, Laurence Bayer, Aurore A. Perrault, Olaf Blanke, Sophie SchwartzAbstractNightmares are characterized by the experience of strong negative emotions occurring mainly during REM sleep. Some people suffer from nightmare disorder, which is characterized by the repeated occurrence of nightmares and by significant distress in wakefulness. Yet, whether frequent nightmares relate to a general increase in emotional reactivity or arousal during sleep remains unclear. To address this question, we recorded hea...
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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