Multistate E. Coli Infection Outbreak Appears to Be Over: CDC Multistate E. Coli Infection Outbreak Appears to Be Over: CDC

The multistate outbreak of E. coli infections linked to romaine lettuce from the Central Coastal growing regions in northern and central California appears to be over, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said on Wednesday.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Medscape Today News Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 14 February 2019Source: Journal of Microbiological MethodsAuthor(s): Shuai Zhi, Jonas Szelewicki, Kim Ziebell, Brendon Parsons, Linda ChuiAbstractShiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) is a gastrointestinal pathogen and has been recognized as one of the serious problems in public health. Shiga toxin genes (stx) can be grouped into different types according to their differences in sequence and biological activities. The two main groups of stx are stx1 and stx2 with each group containing several subtypes. It is essential to develop rapid stx1/stx2 subtyping assays and accurate stx2 general de...
Source: Journal of Microbiological Methods - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Statement from FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, M.D. and Deputy Commissioner Frank Yiannas on findings from the agency ’s investigation of the November 2018 outbreak of E. coli O157:H7 in California-linked romaine lettuce
Source: Food and Drug Administration - Category: American Health Source Type: news
AbstractA gastroenteritis outbreak occurred in a university in May, 2017, Wuhan, China. The epidemiological survey and pathogen analysis were conducted to identify the pathogen and control this outbreak. Feces or anal swabs from individuals, water, and swabs taken from tap surfaces of the secondary water supply system (SWSS) and foods were collected for the detection of viruses and pathogenic enteric bacteria by real-time RT-PCR and culture, respectively. Nucleotide sequences were determined by RT-PCR and direct sequencing. Genotyping, phylogenetic, and recombination analyses were conducted by a web-based genotyping tool, ...
Source: Food and Environmental Virology - Category: Virology Source Type: research
Romalde Viral agents of human gastroenteritis affect people of all ages across the globe. As a mainly self-limiting disease, it is difficult to evaluate the real prevalence of etiological agents circulating in each region. Many of the analyzed outbreaks are caused by viruses of the family Caliciviridae, especially the genus Norovirus (NoV). Most studies have focused on other enteric viruses, leaving sapovirus (SaV) underestimated as an important emerging human threat. This one-year study analyzed clinical samples from hospital outpatients with acute gastroenteritis in Spain, with the aim of revealing the importance of...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Conclusions: The number of FBDOs is low in comparison to developed countries. However, the data was likely affected by under-reporting and inadequacies in the outbreak investigations and laboratory detection. Improvements in these areas would lead to not only better detection and characterisation of FBDOs in Barbados but improved food safety control measures.
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionRegarding a lack of an efficient vaccine against EHEC, the proposed candidate immunogen, which consists of main adhesion and invasion factors, can overcome the lack of a vaccine against the bacteria.
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ez FJ Abstract Salmonella is a leading source of bacterial foodborne illness in humans, causing gastroenteritis outbreaks with bacteraemia occurrences that can lead to clinical complications and death. Eggs, poultry and pig products are considered as the main carriers of the pathogenic Salmonella for humans. To prevent this relevant zoonosis, key changes in food safety regulations were undertaken to improve controls in the food production chain. Despite these measures, large outbreaks of salmonellosis were reported worldwide in the last decade. Thus, new strategies for Salmonella detection are a priority for both,...
Source: Analytica Chimica Acta - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Anal Chim Acta Source Type: research
ConclusionsSurveillance of colonization provided a comprehensive overview on species and antibiotic resistance patterns. It allowed early detection of a colonization cluster. Knowledge of colonization and surveillance of sepsis is useful for guiding infection control measures and antibiotic treatment.
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Purpose: A private hospital in Kohima reported 41 admitted cases of diarrhoea to State Surveillance Unit Nagaland on September 2, 2017. Our team started investigation on September 2, 2017 to describe the epidemiological characteristics of outbreak and to determine the associated risk factors.
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: 20.116 Source Type: research
Purpose: Norovirus (NoV) is a pathogen frequently involved in non-bacterial gastroenteritis, causing diarrhea and vomiting in millions of cases worldwide annually. Transmission is mostly determined from person to person. However, NoV infection has additionally been associated with the consumption of raw shellfish or as a consequence of foodstuff contamination during processing or serving. A systematic review of outbreaks attributed to NoV between March and June 2017 in Abruzzo region was conducted to assess the contribution of NoV epidemiology in the human disease.
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: 19.012 Source Type: research
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