Jury Out on EEG to Predict Depression Treatment Response Jury Out on EEG to Predict Depression Treatment Response

There is currently insufficient evidence to recommend quantitative EEG in routine clinical practice to guide choice of treatment for depressive illness, researchers say.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

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Conclusions: Lifetime cannabis use is associated with better working memory and processing speed and worse real-world functioning in the area of socially useful activities in patients with schizophrenia-related disorders. Clinicians should, therefore, be aware of it to provide patient-centred care in their daily clinical practice.Eur Addict Res 2019;25:111 –118
Source: European Addiction Research - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
Publication date: June 2019Source: Nano Energy, Volume 60Author(s): Yanfen Wen, Jingjing Fan, Chenguang Shi, Peng Dai, Yuhao Hong, Ruixiang Wang, Lina Wu, Zhiyou Zhou, Juntao Li, Ling Huang, Shi-Gang SunAbstractAs a cost-effective element, Mg has been applied as doped inactive atom to improve the electrochemical performance of sodium-ion cathode materials. Herein, we report Mg-substituted Na0.67Mn0.65Ni0.2Co0.15-xMgxO2 composites as high-performance cathode for sodium-ion batteries and investigate the underlying working mechanism using in situ investigation techniques to monitor the operando changes of electrodes. In situ ...
Source: Nano Energy - Category: Nanotechnology Source Type: research
Adults with sickle cell disease (SCD) have episodic crisis pain and chronic pain. Little is known about SCD chronic pain phenotypes. Quantitative sensory testing (QST) identifies the objective contribution of allodynia and hyperalgesia to chronic SCD pain phenotypes. However, self-report measures are needed to further characterize SCD chronic pain phenotypes. Our aim was to determine associations among QST-determined sensitization and anxiety, depression, and fatigue among outpatients with SCD. In a cross-sectional study, subjects (N=186, mean age 36.6 ± 11.7 years [19-74 years], 97% African American, 59% female; SC...
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Source Type: research
The current study assessed associations of clinical characteristics and all-cause mortality among a cohort of Veterans initiating pain services. Analyses were also stratified by age to examine potential variations. Demographic (male, age), medical comorbidities (diabetes, myocardial infarction, chronic pulmonary conditions, cancer, renal disease, liver disease), pain characteristics (pain intensity, opioid analgesic prescription), and mental health characteristics (depression, opioid use disorder, opioid poisoning/suicide attempts) were extracted from Veterans Health Administration records.
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Source Type: research
Self-management (SM) interventions improve pain, fatigue, and depression in individuals with chronic health conditions. However, little is known about the psychological mechanisms underlying symptom improvement. The current study sought to identify potential mechanisms that mediate the effect of participation in a cognitive-behavioral SM intervention on symptom improvement in multiple sclerosis (MS). Participants were 163 adults with MS reporting chronic pain, fatigue, and/or moderate depression who participated in one of two 8-week, 1:1 telephone-delivered interventions [SM, education].
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Source Type: research
Long-term opioid therapy for chronic pain is common, yet data on long-term outcomes, especially after dose escalation, are sparse. We conducted a two-year cohort study to examine potential benefits and harms associated with prescription opioid dose escalation. All participants (n=517) were receiving a stable dose of long-term opioid therapy (LTOT) at baseline. They completed self-report measures of pain, function, depression, and potential adverse effects at baseline and every six months for two years.
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Source Type: research
Music has been shown to decrease pain and modulate affect, but the mechanism by which music conveys analgesia in relatively unexplored . Using quantitative sensory testing (QST), we assessed the impact of a novel app-based music intervention on the nociceptive processing of pain. Healthy volunteers (n=60) were assessed for psychosocial traits including anxiety, depression, and catastrophizing using validated questionnaires. QST included investigation of: 1) pain sensitivity as measured by pressure pain threshold and tolerance using a handheld algometer, as well as reported pain to weighted pinprick stimuli, 2) temporal sum...
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Tags: Treatment Approaches (Complementary & Alternative) (with CE) Source Type: research
CLBP is a highly prevalent (55% adults) and expensive (costs range $84-$624.8 billion) condition in the United States. CLBP is accompanied by distressing behavioral symptoms, such as depressed mood, fatigue, and sleep disturbance, which negatively impact quality of life (QOL). The purpose of the study was to determine the extent to which behavioral symptoms (depressive mood, fatigue, poor sleep), independently or as a cluster, predict pain severity and QOL. Proinflammatory cytokine (IL-6) was evaluated to determine the extent to which inflammation may serve as a common underlying mechanism.
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Source Type: research
Treating chronic low back pain (CLBP) with spine-focused interventions is common, potentially dangerous, and often ineffective. We posit that CLBP in older adults is a geriatric syndrome – a final common pathway for the expression of multiple contributors. We have published evidence and expert consensus-based algorithms to guide evaluation and treatment of key biopsychosocial CLBP contributors in older adults – hip osteoarthritis, myofascial pain, fibromyalgia, sacroiliac joint syndrome, lumbar spinal stenosis, leg length inequality, lateral hip/thigh pain, anxiety, depression, insomnia, and maladaptive coping....
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Source Type: research
The objectives of this study were to describe physical and psychosocial outcomes of youth diagnosed with JFM in early adulthood ( ∼ 8-years after initial assessment), examine longitudinal trajectories of pain and depressive symptoms from adolescence to young adulthood, and examine the impact of pain and depressive symptoms on physical functioning over time.
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Tags: Diagnosis, Assessment, & Reviews (with CE) Source Type: research
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