Zimbabwe: Church, Health Ministry Launches Anti-Drug Campaign

[VOA] A group of concerned Zimbabweans has started an anti-alcohol and drug campaign, targeting communities in which unemployed young people resort to drinking and using narcotics to alleviate the stress of not having work. Those involved in the campaign say the solution lies largely with improving the country's moribund economy.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 16 March 2019Source: Composites Science and TechnologyAuthor(s): Kai Li, Hongji Li, Mingji Li, Cuiping Li, Lin Su, Lirong Qian, Baohe YangAbstractA carbon nanomaterial with core–shell structure was constructed from a composite of graphene and carbon nanotubes (CNT@G). A unique technology called polymer-assisted metal-catalyzed chemical vapor deposition (CVD) was used to first disperse a gold catalyst precursor, via the assistance of polyvinyl alcohol, on the CNT surface and then facilitate graphene growth by reducing the gold nanoparticles during CVD. A CNT@G/Ni electrode was then p...
Source: Composites Science and Technology - Category: Science Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Liver fibrosis was associated with LV diastolic dysfunction in patients with T2DM and may be an independent risk factor for diastolic dysfunction, especially in patients without systemic insulin resistance. PMID: 30877708 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes Metab J Source Type: research
Authors: Draijer L, Benninga M, Koot B Abstract INTRODUCTION: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disease in children and adults in industrialized countries. Besides liver-related morbidity, NAFLD is also associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and mortality at adult age. However, despite the high prevalence and serious complications, diagnosing and staging of disease remains complicated due to a lack of accurate screening tools and non-invasive methods to detect fibrosis. Areas covered: Recent insights in epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagno...
Source: Expert Review of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 March 2019Source: Materials Chemistry and PhysicsAuthor(s): Huimin Zhu, Wenyuan Gao, Shuang Yan, Meihong Niu, Guishan Liu, Hongshun HaoAbstractNovel composite sub-micron fibers materials, consisting of superfine powdered diatomite (SPD) and fibrous poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA), were fabricated by electrospinning. SPD was obtained through high energy ball milling with 10% (wt%) Polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) as dispersant for 6 h. The diameters of SPD (400 nm-1000nm) were 30 times less than that of the normal powdered diatomite particles, and SPD also had pores inside based on Rhodamine B...
Source: Materials Chemistry and Physics - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 March 2019Source: Food ChemistryAuthor(s): Haiyan Yu, Tong Xie, Jingru Xie, Lianzhong Ai, Huaixiang TianABSTRACTTo determine the key aroma compounds in Chinese rice wine (CRW), four types of CRW (YH, JF, SN, and XX) were analyzed by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS), gas chromatography–olfactometry (GC–O), and sensory evaluation. The contributions of the key aroma compounds to the flavor characteristics were determined by partial least squares regression. Sixty-one aroma compounds were detected. Twenty-five components were identified as odor-active co...
Source: Food Chemistry - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 March 2019Source: Food ChemistryAuthor(s): Han Li, Bin Zhang, Chao Li, Xiong Fu, Zhigang Wang, Qiang HuangAbstractGranular V-type crystalline starch (V-type starch) was prepared using different starch varieties by alcoholic-alkaline treatment. Carbon dioxide was encapsulated into V-type starch using a solid encapsulation method. The morphological and structural properties of the inclusion complexes (ICs) were characterised using scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and 13C Nuclear Magnetic Resonance proved that CO2 was successfully...
Source: Food Chemistry - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
(Natural News) Western diets, which are characterized by a high intake of fatty and cholesterol-rich foods, are known to be bad for your health. A new study presents another reason why adhering to a Western diet is bad for you: This type of diet can cause non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), which is a serious form of...
Source: NaturalNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 15 March 2019Source: Journal of Bioscience and BioengineeringAuthor(s): Hisashi Yazawa, Masafumi Tokuoka, Hajime Kozato, Yutaro Mori, Miyuki Umeo, Rieko Toyoura, Ken Oda, Hisashi Fukuda, Kazuhiro IwashitaWe developed a sake metabolome analysis method using liquid chromatography–quadrupole/time-of-flight mass spectrometry to investigate the metabolome of various types of sakes and other alcohol beverages. Our method identified 198 compounds by comparison with standard metabolites. Using this method, we investigated the relationship between several sake-making parameters and sake meta...
Source: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 March 2019Source: The Journal of Supercritical FluidsAuthor(s): Guy Lazovski, Galit Bar, JI Botao, Nurit Atar, Uri Banin, Raz GvishiAbstractSilica aerogel is a solid matrix, capable of preserving the unique properties of nanoparticles incorporated in it; forming a macroscopic structure that benefits from nano-metric properties.We developed a simple method for preparation of doped silica aerogels. Dopants are implemented as silica coated nanoparticles suspended in alcohol or alcohol:water mixture. This suspension replaces a portion of the pure solvent in the one-step base catalyzed sili...
Source: The Journal of Supercritical Fluids - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 March 2019Source: The Journal of Chemical ThermodynamicsAuthor(s): Yi Zhang, Baotao Diao, Dongmei Xu, Haihua Jiang, Lianzheng Zhang, Jun Gao, Yinglong WangAbstractFor separation of the mixture {isopropyl alcohol (IPA) + diisopropyl ether (DIPE) + n-propanol (NPA)} by extractive distillation, propylene glycol ethyl ether (PGEE) was used as an entrainer based on selectivity since isopropyl alcohol + diisopropyl ether can an azeotrope. To explore the interaction mechanism between the entrainer PGEE and the components in the mixture, the charge density surface (σ-profiles) and the in...
Source: The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
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