A multi-dimensional evaluation of craving and impulsivity among people admitted for alcohol-related problems in emergency department - Flaudias V, Teisseidre F, de Chazeron I, Chalmeton M, Bertin C, Izaute M, Chakroun-Baggioni N, Pereira B, Brousse G, Maurage P.

This study proposes an integrative evaluation of craving (Visual Analogue Scale, VAS and Obsessive Compulsive Drinking Sca...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

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Does Marijuana Use Cause Schizophrenia? (The New York Times): “… The concern is focused largely on the link between heavy usage and psychosis in young people. Doctors first suspected a link some 70 years ago, and the evidence has only accumulated since then. In a forthcoming book, “Tell Your Children,” Alex Berenson, a former Times reporter, argues that legalization is putting a generation at higher risk of schizophrenia and other psychotic syndromes. Critics, including leading researchers, have called the argument overblown, and unfaithful to the science… The debate centers on the di...
Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness cannabis drugs marijuana psychosis schizophrenia Source Type: blogs
Abstract Implicit cognitive processing is theorized to have a central role in many forms of psychopathology. In the current review, we focus on implicit associations, by which we mean evaluative representations in memory that are difficult to control and do not require conscious reflection to influence affect, cognition, or behavior. We consider definitional and measurement challenges before examining recent empirical evidence for these associations in anxiety, obsessive-compulsive, posttraumatic stress, depressive, and alcohol use disorders. This examination is framed by a brief review of the ways that prominent ...
Source: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Annu Rev Clin Psychol Source Type: research
Do you have the feeling that genomics is all around this year and you cannot escape DNAs, SNPs, chromosomes and double spirals wherever you look? Do you suspect that even Billy Mack is considering a change to “Genes are all around you” in everyone’s favorite holiday movie, Love Actually? Well, that won’t be a surprise as Christmas and genetics have more in common than you think – and scientists are even working on figuring out Santa’s genetic make-up. Gene-edited Christmas trees and Santa’s DNA If it’s all in our genes, the explanation for the Grinch hating the holidays or Sa...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Genomics Patients christmas Christmas tree december dinner DNA dna testing food future Gene genes genetics holiday holidays Innovation nutrigenomics pharmacogenomics Santa technology Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 26 November 2018Source: Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological PsychiatryAuthor(s): Christian Weinland, Christiane Mühle, Johannes Kornhuber, Bernd LenzAbstractObjectiveAddictive alcohol drinking, craving, and overeating share common etiopathological mechanisms. We investigated whether body mass index (BMI) and craving predict outcome of alcohol-dependent in-patients.MethodThe prospective study included 101 male and 72 female early-abstinent alcohol-dependent in-patients. Craving was quantified by Obsessive-Compulsive Drinking scale (OCDS) scores. We documented alcohol-r...
Source: Progress in Neuro Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Morgiève M, N'Diaye K, Nguyen-Khac A, Mallet L, Briffault X Abstract In the international context of efforts to combat the stigmatization of people with mental health problems, representations and attitudes about these illnesses have not to date been widely investigated in France. However, new technologies offer an unprecedented opportunity to collect such information on a large scale and to deploy more efficient action against stigma. OBJECTIVES: The Crazy'App survey was designed as an instrument for studying potentially stigmatizing representations and attitudes towards mental disorders. It as...
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: A model of impulsivity and compulsivity that represents these constructs as overlapping dimensional phenotypes has important implications for understanding addictive and related behaviors in terms of shared etiology, comorbidity, and potential transdiagnostic treatments. PMID: 30458896 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: CNS Spectrums - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: CNS Spectr Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between maternal affective disorders (AD) before and during pregnancy, and pre-term birth. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. LOCATION: Sexual and reproductive health units at the Institut Català de la Salut (ICS) in Catalonia, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: Pregnant women with a result of live-born child from 1/1/2012 to 30/10/2015. INTERVENTIONS: Data were obtained from the ICS Primary Care electronic medical record. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: Diagnosis of AD before and during pregnancy, months of pregnancy, and possible confusion factors were c...
Source: Atencion Primaria - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Aten Primaria Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 November 2018Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Sophie C. Schneider, Cynthia M. Turner, Eric A. Storch, Jennifer L. HudsonAbstractBody dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is associated with low quality of life (QOL) in clinical samples. It is unclear whether QOL is also associated with BDD symptoms in non-clinical samples, and if so, whether related demographic or clinical variables may also be associated with QOL. Questionnaires were used to assess demographics, QOL, and symptoms of BDD, depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), eating disord...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
A highly effective psychotherapy called cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) focuses on how our thoughts, beliefs, and attitudes can affect our feelings and behavior. Traditional CBT treatment usually requires weekly 30- to 60-minute sessions over 12 to 20 weeks. A faster option now emerging is intensive CBT (I-CBT), which employs much longer sessions concentrated into a month, week, or weekend — or sometimes a single eight-hour session. CBT helps people learn tools to reframe different types of thinking, such as black-and-white thinking (I can’t do anything right) and emotional reasoning (I feel you dislike me, ...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Adolescent health Anxiety and Depression Behavioral Health Mental Health Parenting Source Type: blogs
In conclusion, OCDS may be a useful tool to early discriminate AUD people at-risk for relapse and drop-out and for addressing the specialist to adjust both medical treatment and psychological support during crucial moments of patients' treatment and follow-up.
Source: Physiology and Behavior - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
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