Diarrhoea deaths and disability-adjusted life years attributable to suboptimal breastfeeding practices in Nigeria: findings from the global burden of disease study 2016

In Nigeria, diarrhoea contributes significantly to childhood morbidity and mortality, with suboptimal breastfeeding practices playing a key role. The present study aimed to report on diarrhoea deaths and disab...
Source: International Breastfeeding Journal - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research

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This study assessed knowledge and practices of mothers and caregivers on diarrhoeal management among under 5-year-old children in a medium-size town of Senegal. A cross-sectional survey was carried out between September and October 2016 in four zones of Mbour, located in the south-western part of Senegal. Mothers and caregivers of children under the age of 5 years were interviewed to determine their levels of knowledge and management practice of diarrhoea. The association between diarrhoea and source of care was determined using logistic regression analyses. In total, 367 mothers and caregivers who reported a diarrhoeal ep...
Source: Acta Tropica - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Acta Trop Source Type: research
Almost 300 million children worldwide are anemic. Universal distribution of iron interventions (iron supplements or iron-containing multiple micronutrient powders, MNPs) to young children (e.g.
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 903. Outcomes Research-Non-Malignant Hematology: Poster I Source Type: research
Publication date: July 2018Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 6, Issue 7Author(s): Ibrahim A Khalil, Christopher Troeger, Puja C Rao, Brigette F Blacker, Alexandria Brown, Thomas G Brewer, Danny V Colombara, Eugenio L De Hostos, Cyril Engmann, Richard L Guerrant, Rashidul Haque, Eric R Houpt, Gagandeep Kang, Poonum S Korpe, Karen L Kotloff, Aldo A M Lima, William A Petri, James A Platts-Mills, David A Shoultz, Mohammed H ForouzanfarSummaryBackgroundThe protozoan Cryptosporidium is a leading cause of diarrhoea morbidity and mortality in children younger than 5 years. However, the true global burden of Cryptosporidium ...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
AbstractObjectivesThe PALACE 4 trial evaluated apremilast monotherapy in patients with active PsA who were DMARD-naive.MethodsEligible patients were randomized (1:1:1) to placebo, apremilast 20 mg twice a day or apremilast 30 mg twice a day. At week 16 or 24, placebo patients were rerandomized to apremilast. Double-blind apremilast treatment continued to week 52, with extension up to 4 years. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients achieving ⩾20% improvement in ACR response criteria (ACR20) at week 16; secondary endpoints included the mean change in the HAQ Disability Index (HAQ-DI) score at week 16.ResultsA ...
Source: Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Publication date: March 2018 Source:The Lancet Global Health, Volume 6, Issue 3 Author(s): Christopher Troeger, Danny V Colombara, Puja C Rao, Ibrahim A Khalil, Alexandria Brown, Thomas G Brewer, Richard L Guerrant, Eric R Houpt, Karen L Kotloff, Kavita Misra, William A Petri, James Platts-Mills, Mark S Riddle, Scott J Swartz, Mohammad H Forouzanfar, Robert C Reiner, Simon I Hay, Ali H Mokdad Background Diarrhoea is a leading cause of death and illness globally among children younger than 5 years. Mortality and short-term morbidity cause substantial burden of disease but probably underestimate the true effect of diarrhoea...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Glycerol was the only osmotic therapy evaluated, and data from trials to date have not demonstrated an effect on death. Glycerol may reduce neurological deficiency and deafness. PMID: 29405037 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
ConclusionRotavirus vaccine + IMCI approach was the most cost-effective approach to childhood diarrhoea management. Its awareness and practice should be promoted in Nigeria. Addition of rotavirus vaccine should be considered for inclusion in the national programme of immunization. Although our findings suggest that addition of rotavirus vaccine to IMCI for diarrhoea is cost-effective, there may be need for further vaccine demonstration studies or real life studies to establish the cost-effectiveness of the vaccine in Nigeria.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Based on currently available data, there is insufficient evidence to assess the efficacy and safety of zonisamide treatment for ET. PMID: 28836659 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
ConclusionChildren diagnosed with JHS/EDS-HT who have a high incidence of multi-systemic complaints (particularly, orthostatic intolerance, urinary incontinence and diarrhoea) and poor postural control in addition to high levels of pain and fatigue at baseline are most likely to have a deteriorating trajectory of functional impairment and, accordingly, warrant clinical prioritization.
Source: Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Independent monitoring should be a key requirement for carbon credit verification in future international carbon trading mechanisms to ensure programs achieve benefits in line with sustainable development goals. Citation: Pickering AJ, Arnold BF, Dentz HN, Colford JM Jr., Null C. 2017. Climate and health co-benefits in low-income countries: a case study of carbon financed water filters in Kenya and a call for independent monitoring. Environ Health Perspect 125:278–283; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/EHP342 Address correspondence to A.J. Pickering, Civil and Environmental Engineering, 473 Via Ortega, Y2E2 Bui...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Commentaries March 2017 Source Type: research
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