South Africa's neighbors ban meat imports over foot and mouth disease
Botswana and the Kingdom of eSwatini, formerly Swaziland, have suspended meat imports from South Africa while Zimbabwe is in the process of setting up a ban due to the outbreak of the highly contagious foot and mouth disease.
[Govt of SA] On 07 January this year the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries confirmed and reported an outbreak of foot and mouth disease in the high surveillance area of the foot and mouth disease free zone in Limpopo, adjacent to the protection zone. Subsequently, South Africa lost its World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) recognised foot and mouth disease free zone without vaccination status.
[Premium Times] The confirmed cases from the Lassa fever outbreak in Nigeria has increased to 472 as 53 new cases were reported for week 10.
ConclusionPhotokeratitis outbreak among school event attendees in South India was due to exposure to UV light from indoor lights used during the event. We recommended restriction of usage of such lights for indoor events through awareness campaigns and guidelines.
ConclusionThis outbreak of MVD occurred as a family cluster with no additional transmission outside of the four related cases. Rapid case detection, prompt laboratory testing at the Uganda National VHF Reference Laboratory and presence of pre-trained, well-prepared national and district rapid response teams facilitated the containment and control of this outbreak within one month, preventing nationwide and global transmission of the disease.
ConclusionThis updated distribution of arbovirus vectors across Cameroon will help in planning vector control programme against possible outbreak of arbovirus related diseases in the country.
Conclusion: The outbreak started in the late monsoon (January) of 2017 and had two peaks; one in summer months and another in winter months. Influenza B virus was reported from December 2017 to May 2018. Age groups ≤5 years and 6–18 years had higher positivity as compared to other age groups. Regular surveillance programmes are required for assessing the trends of influenza infections due to various subtypes and to plan timely and adequate steps for preventing the spread to larger vulnerable population.
GIDEON what’s new summary: March 15 to March 17, 2019 Infectious Diseases – Outbreaks (4 updates) 4 DiseasesMap Infectious Diseases – Diseases (120 updates) 5 Clinical notes46 Diseases65 Country notes4 New Disease Synonyms AddedMap Microbiology – Bacteria (1 updates) 1 Bacteria The post Update: March 17, 2019 appeared first on GIDEON - Global Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology Online Network.
Publication date: Available online 15 March 2019Source: Current Opinion in Food ScienceAuthor(s): M Garvey, N.J RowanThe incidence of foodborne illness is increasing globally in an age where antibiotic resistance has become the mainstay for many pathogenic species with potentially fatal consequences for the consumer. Fresh food, including industrial-fabricated ready-to-eat produce, is frequently reported as a leading source of foodborne outbreaks. There is a pressing need to develop alternative or complementary non-thermal technologies for food-surface disinfection given that existing approaches are frequently ineffective ...
lt Stenseth Getz How a disease is transmitted affects our ability to determine R0, the average number of new cases caused by an infectious host at the onset of an epidemic. R0 becomes progressively more difficult to compute as transmission varies from directly transmitted diseases to diseases that are vector-borne to environmentally transmitted diseases. Pathogens responsible for diseases with environmental transmission are typically maintained in environmental reservoirs that exhibit a complex spatial distribution of local infectious zones (LIZs). Understanding host encounters with LIZs and pathogen persistence ...
Publication date: Available online 15 March 2019Source: Veterinary MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Katinka Bekő, Zsuzsa Kreizinger, Kinga M. Sulyok, Áron B. Kovács, Dénes Grózner, Salvatore Catania, Janet Bradbury, Inna Lysnyansky, Olusola Martins Olaogun, Béla Czanik, Hany Ellakany, Miklós GyuraneczAbstractMycoplasma gallisepticum causes chronic respiratory disease and reproductive disorders in many bird species, resulting in considerable economic losses to the poultry industry. Maintenance of M. gallisepticum-free flocks is the most adequate method to control infection. To this end, moni...