Spatially Detailed 3D Quantification of Improved Facial Symmetry After Surgery in Children With Unicoronal Synostosis.

CONCLUSIONS:: All patients presented with improved facial symmetry after surgery and the improvements were visually recognizable. However, only 1 (9.1%) of the 11 patients reached a level of facial asymmetry as low as that seen in the control group. The best outcome was, in general, seen in cases with mild facial asymmetry presurgically. PMID: 30616385 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Cleft Palate Craniofac J Source Type: research

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This study investigates whether a "feed and swaddle" protocol can be used to achieve diagnostic quality craniofacial imaging without the use of infant sedation. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary academic medical center. PATIENTS: Ninety patients
Source: The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Cleft Palate Craniofac J Source Type: research
This study was approved by the Animal Experimental Ethics Committee of Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China (2014-024). All experiments were performed under protocols to meet the requirements of the Association for Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care International and the Experimental Animal Center of Southern Medical University. Male cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) were used, preliminary power analysis being performed to get the proper sample size for three groups (G∗Power 3.1, Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, Germany; alpha = 0.05, power = 0.95; total N = 20 hem...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Bicoronal synostosis is the most common subtype of Apert syndrome with the normalized cranial base angulation. Combined pansynostosis patients have flatter cranial base, whereas the combined unilateral coronal synostosis have a kyphotic cranial base. Class I has more significant nasopharyngeal airway compromise in a vertical direction, whereas classes II and III have more limited oropharyngeal space.
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Global Open - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSION:: Block bone graft could achieve comparable bone density and retain a greater amount of residual bone comparing to cancellous bone graft. PMID: 30621447 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Cleft Palate Craniofac J Source Type: research
Tessier No 3 facial cleft (oro-nasal-ocular clefts) is the rarest and most challenging of all the Tessier clefts. Reports on Tessier No 3 clinical findings, surgical techniques, and outcomes are varied due to the scarcity of patients and the wide range of phenotypic findings. The authors present our experience of 2 children born with Tessier No 3 clefts who were both managed at the Arkansas Children's Hospital. Our purpose is to add knowledge on this rare craniofacial cleft by providing detailed soft tissue findings, skeletal findings, operative techniques, early postoperative outcome, and suggestions of a treatment protoc...
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Clinical Studies Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To compare postoperative temporal expansion in patients treated with fronto-orbital advancement or endoscopy-assisted craniectomy with cranial orthotic therapy. DESIGN: This is a retrospective, multicenter cohort study of patients with unilateral coronal craniosynostosis (UCS). SETTING: Computed tomographic (CT) scans were drawn from UCS patients treated at Boston Children's Hospital or St Louis Children's Hospital. PATIENTS: The study included 56 patients with UCS after fronto-orbital advancement (n = 32) or endoscopic repair (n = 24) and 10 age-matched controls. INTERVENTI...
Source: The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Cleft Palate Craniofac J Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Ideal SABG presents with better results compared with late ABG. When it is not possible to perform SABG at the ideal time, acceptable outcomes still can be expected for late bone grafting. PMID: 29437516 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Cleft Palate Craniofac J Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: We introduce a suite of 3D-printed models of cleft conditions that has a useful role in patient, parental, and allied health education with highly positive feedback. PMID: 29437509 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Cleft Palate Craniofac J Source Type: research
Abstract: Severe forms of bilateral cleft lip and palate remain a challenging issue. Although nasoalveolar molding dramatically improves overall treatment success, the position of the premaxilla often remains dislocated. The authors attempted to relocate the malpositioned premaxilla into the correct position to obtain the correct three-dimensional (3D) maxillary arch structure and growth. Eight patients with severe bilateral cleft lip and palate were treated with premaxillary osteotomy for premaxilla repositioning. The position of the premaxilla was measured directly using cephalometry. Two raters including orthodontists e...
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusions: The difference in the measurements can be explained perhaps because individuals with TCS have glossoptosis and changes on retrognathic mandible, which would affect the position of the GT.
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Brief Clinical Studies Source Type: research
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