Distribution of the Force in the Knee Joint during Daily Activities after Open Wedge High Tibial Osteotomy: A Rationale for the Proper Postoperative Management

J Knee Surg DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1676772The present study was conducted to evaluate the force distribution in knee joint during daily activities after open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO). A three-dimensional proximal tibial finite element model (FEM) was created using Mimics software to evaluate computed tomography (CT) scans of the tibia after OWHTO. The anterior and posterior gaps were 7.0 and 12.1 mm, respectively, and the target opening angle was 12 degrees. The loading ratio of the medial and lateral tibial plateaus was 6:4. To evaluate force distribution in the knee joint during activities of daily living (ADLs) after OWHTO, peak von Mises stresses (PVMSs) were analyzed at the plate and posterolateral edge region of osteotomized tibia. ADLs associated with greater knee flexion (sitting 90 degrees, standing 90 degrees, bending 90 degrees, stepping up stairs 60 degrees, and stepping downstairs 30 and 60 degrees) yielded PVMSs ranging from 195.2 to 221.5 MPa at the posterolateral edge region. In particular, stepping downstairs with knee flexion to 60 degrees produced the highest PVMS (221.5 MPa), greater than the yield strength (100–200 MPa). The highest plate PVMS was greater than 300 MPa during ADLs associated with flexion angles of approximately 90 degrees. However, these values did not exceed the yield stress (760.0 MPa). Conclusively, higher force was generated during higher flexion associated with weight-bearing and stepping downstairs produced a hig...
Source: Journal of Knee Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

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