The Effects of Surgical Technique in Total Knee Arthroplasty for Varus Osteoarthritic Knee on the Rotational Alignment of Femoral Component: Gap Balancing Technique versus Measured Resection Technique

J Knee Surg DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1676766Few studies have compared the accuracy of femoral component rotation in the measured resection technique according to the preoperative computed tomography (CT) and gap balancing technique. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether there is a difference in accuracy and outlier incidence of femoral component rotation between gap balancing and measured resection techniques with or without preoperative CT and to evaluate the difference in patellofemoral alignment on simple radiographs and clinical outcomes. In this retrospective study, we evaluated femoral component rotation angle on the clinical and surgical transepicondylar axis (FCRA-cTEA and FCRA-sTEA, respectively), patellar tilt angle, lateral patellar displacement, and patient-reported outcomes in the gap balancing technique (Group 1) and in the measured resection technique without (Group 2) and with (Group 3) preoperative CT. A total of 163 total knee arthoplasty (TKA) replacements were included in this study. Average FCRA-cTEA was −3.4 ± 2.6, −2.8 ± 2.1, and −1.8 ± 2.3 degrees in groups 1 to 3, respectively (p = 0.002). Average FCRA-sTEA was −0.2 ± 2.7, 0.5 ± 2.4, and 1.5 ± 2.1 degrees, respectively (p = 0.001). In an outlier analysis that evaluated femoral component rotation using cTEA as reference, no ...
Source: Journal of Knee Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

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