Surveillance Report

Source: European Union, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Published: 2019. This five-page report is based on data on zoonotic influenza for 2017 retrieved from Epidemic Intelligence on May 18, 2018. No human cases of avian influenza were reported in the European Union/European Economic Area. Sporadic cases were reported from Africa and Asia. Influenza viruses A(H1N1)v, A(H1N2)v, and A(H3N2)v of swine origin caused human cases in Switzerland and the United States. (PDF)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 23 May 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Hovannes Abramyan, Gerard AlexanderAbstractIn recent years, strong public opposition to amnesty has prevented the passage of any new immigration laws that include a “pathway to citizenship” for the millions of undocumented immigrants who reside in the United States. Much scholarship on the origins of white opposition to immigration has focused on ethnocentrism. However, it has also tended to conflate racial prejudice with potentially non-racial social concerns – even though the latter could, in theory, be ameliorate...
Source: The Social Science Journal - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to determine the serological prevalence of anti-Leptospira antibodies in meat dealers in the city of Tunja, Boyac á, Colombia. An observational, cross-sectional and descriptive study was carried out in a population of 186 operators from meat establishments in the city of Tunja. The samples were analyzed using the microagglutination test in order to determine the serovar that causes the infection. Each particip ant answer a survey with important questions about socio-demographic, epidemiological and occupational factors. A seroprevalence of 43% [n = 80; 95% confidence interval (CI): 36...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Patologia e Medicina Laboratorial - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
BACKGROUND Recent studies suggest that obesity is a risk factor for Clostridium difficile infection, possibly due to disruptions in the intestinal microbiome composition. We hypothesized that body mass index (BMI) is associated with increased incidence of C. difficile infection in surgical patients. METHODS In this nationwide retrospective cohort study in 680 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program participating sites across the United States, the occurrence of C. difficile infection within 30 days postoperatively between different BMI groups was compared. All American College of Sur...
Source: The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
CONCLUSION The School of Medicine community has been empowered with the ability to save lives. Students and faculty have been trained in life-saving skills, a self-sustaining training process has been created, and equipment has been purchased for hemorrhage control efforts.
Source: The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Direct oral anticoagulants are now the preferred agents for most patients receiving anticoagulation therapy. With patients receiving any type of therapeutic anticoagulation, clinicians usually can perform dental procedures such as restorations, limited dental extractions, endodontic procedures, soft-tissue biopsies, and scalings safely without anticoagulation therapy interruption. Although local hemostatic maneuvers are often sufficient during dental procedures, antifibrinolytic medications, as well as local sponges and glues, can be used to ensure adequate hemostasis. Different classes of anticoagulants inter...
Source: Journal of the American Dental Association - Category: Dentistry Tags: J Am Dent Assoc Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 May 2019Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Jing Zhao, Changqing Liu, Jiaojiao Zhang, Xiuying Huang, Guozhong ZhangAbstractTo investigate cytokine expression in chicken embryo fibroblast (CEF) cells, a virulent avian avulavirus 1 (AAvV-1) strain called SG10 that rapidly causes 100% mortality in its host, and a vaccine strain (La Sota) were characterized. Real-time quantitative PCR was performed on RNA samples from CEF cells, which were collected at 0, 24, 48 and 72 h post-infection. The dynamic expression patterns of ten cytokines (TNF-α, IFN-α, IFN-β, IL-1&beta...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Authors: Paice JA Abstract Advances in cancer treatment have led to a growing number of survivors. At least 40% of those survivors live with chronic pain and need pain control medication. This coincides with an epidemic of opioid misuse and overdose deaths, resulting in restrictive practices that can impact patients who experience severe pain. Oncologists and other healthcare professionals who treat patients with cancer need to balance considerations of opioid misuse with effective pain control and become better educated about risk factors and management of opioids in cancer survivors. PMID: 31117028 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network : JNCCN - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Natl Compr Canc Netw Source Type: research
This report describes prescription drug use by age, sex, and race and Hispanic origin in 2015-2016 and trends over the preceding decade. PMID: 31112126 [PubMed - in process]
Source: NCHS data brief - Category: American Health Tags: NCHS Data Brief Source Type: research
Source: European Union, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Published: 2019. This five-page report is based on data on zoonotic influenza for 2017 retrieved from Epidemic Intelligence on May 18, 2018. No human cases of avian influenza were reported in the European Union/European Economic Area. Sporadic cases were reported from Africa and Asia. Influenza viruses A(H1N1)v, A(H1N2)v, and A(H3N2)v of swine origin caused human cases in Switzerland and the United States. (PDF)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
AbstractPurpose of ReviewZoonotic influenza viruses are those that cross the animal-human barrier and can cause disease in humans, manifesting from minor respiratory illnesses to multiorgan dysfunction. They have also been implicated in the causation of deadly pandemics in recent history. The increasing incidence of infections caused by these viruses worldwide has necessitated focused attention to improve both diagnostic as well as treatment modalities. In this first part of a two-part review, we describe the structure of zoonotic influenza viruses, the relationship between mutation and pandemic capacity, pathogenesis of i...
Source: Current Infectious Disease Reports - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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