FDA Approval Summary: Pembrolizumab for Recurrent Locally Advanced or Metastatic Gastric or Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma Expressing PD‐L1

This report presents key information on the basis for Food and Drug Administration approval of pembrolizumab for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic gastric or GEJ adenocarcinoma whose tumors express PD‐L1. The report discusses the basis for limiting the indication to patients with PD‐L1‐expressing tumors and the basis for recommending that PD‐L1 status be assessed using a fresh tumor specimen if PD‐L1 expression is not detected in an archival gastric or GEJ cancer specimen.
Source: The Oncologist - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Regulatory Issues: FDA, Gastrointestinal Cancer Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 20 January 2020Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): Qiong-Qiong Yang, Arakkaveettil Kabeer Farha, Gowoon Kim, Khalid Gul, Ren-You Gan, Harold CorkeAbstractBackgroundCurcumin has gained increasing attention in recent years due to its biological properties and photosensitivity. Curcumin-mediated photodynamic therapy has been used in antibacterial and anticancer applications. Considering the importance and rapid advances in curcumin-mediated photodynamic treatments and its related beneficial functions, a comprehensive and up-to-date review is timely to summarize the state...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 January 2020Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): Saikat Sen, Raja Chakraborty, Pratap KalitaAbstractBackgroundRice (Oryza sativa L.) is the most popular staple food grain and an important source of fibre, energy, minerals, vitamins, and other biomolecules. Rice parts exhibited a number of health beneficial effect in pre-clinical/clinical studies. Rice constituents are getting popularity in preparation of pharmaceutical adjuvant, food additives and supplements.Scope &approachIn this paper, we summarized the available literature on health-promoting and therapeutic...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Authors: Su Z, Liu HL, Qi B, Liu Y Abstract OBJECTIVE: To explore the influences of propofol on the proliferation and apoptosis of cardia cancer cells via mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (MAPK/ERK) signaling pathway. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 65 surgical resection specimens of cardia cancer were selected as research objects and divided into control group and with low (12.5 μmol/L), medium (25 μmol/L), and high (50 μmol/L) propofol concentration groups. The apoptosis of cancer cells, ERK1/2 phosphorylation level, expressions of Caspase-3, B-cell lymphoma-2 (...
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
This study aimed at exploring the role of α-enolase (ENO1) in proliferation, invasion, and cell apoptosis in MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 breast cancer human cells, to provide a theoretical basis for the clinical treatment of breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 cells were randomly divided into five groups: normal control group (Control group), negative control group (negative control virus, NC group), and shENO1 (sh1, sh2, and sh3) group, respectively. The expressions of ENO1 mRNA and protein were measured by Quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot, respectively....
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: NNT-AS1 participated in the progression of lung cancer through NNT-AS1/miR-3666/E2F2 regulatory axis at least in part. Our study supplied a promising strategy for the treatment of lung cancer. PMID: 31957837 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA SNHG20 promotes the proliferation and inhibits the apoptosis of NSCLC cells by targeting miR-197 through the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. PMID: 31957836 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The expression of LINC01093 is upregulated in NSCLC tissues and cells, and it facilitates the proliferation, invasion, and metastasis of NSCLC cells via the Akt signaling pathway. PMID: 31957835 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Circ0021205 aggravates the malignant progression of NSCLC by binding to miRNA-16-5p to regulate the VEGFA level. PMID: 31957834 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA KCNQ1OT1 promotes the DDP resistance of tongue cancer by sponging miR-124-3p to regulate TRIM14 expression. PMID: 31957833 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that DAPT suppresses invasion and metastasis of tongue cancer by regulating lncRNA-KAT14. PMID: 31957832 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
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