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Review clinical reference information, guidelines, and medical news on sepsis, including identification of sepsis blood infection and septic shock. Review guidelines on SIRS sepsis, Candida sepsis, MRSA sepsis, and pneumococcal sepsis.
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Resource Center Source Type: news

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We describe the clinical outcomes of adults who received ECMO in septic shock.MethodsWe retrospectively studied adults supported on veno-arterial or veno-venous modes of ECMO with septic shock at the time of cannulation from 1/1/2009-12/31/2016 at a quaternary medical center in the United States. The primary outcome was rate of survival to hospital discharge and time to survival using Kaplan-Meier survival estimates. We analyzed survival by mode, previous cardiac arrest and timing of cannulation (
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 February 2020Source: Enzyme and Microbial TechnologyAuthor(s): Sara Arana-Peña, Nathalia S. Rios, Carmen Mendez-Sanchez, Yuliya Lokha, Luciana R.B. Gonçalves, Roberto Fernández-LafuenteAbstractA strategy to obtain biocatalysts formed by three enzyme layers has been designed using lipases A and B from Candida antarctica (CALA and CALB), the lipases from Rhizomucor miehei (RML) and Thermomyces lanuginosus (TLL), and the artificial chimeric phospholipase Lecitase Ultra (LEU). The enzymes were initially immobilized via interfacial activation on octyl-agarose beads, tre...
Source: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
In this study, UV photolysis was selected as an appropriate pretreatment technology for antibiotic-containing wastewater. It could decompose many kinds of antibiotics and was not inhibited by the coexisting organics in wastewater. The antibacterial activities of five kinds of antibiotics, which were eliminated with UV irradiation, exhibited a significantly positive correlation with their parent compound concentrations. The photodecomposition of the main functional groups in antibiotics contributed to the elimination of antibacterial activity. Defluorination was the main pathway to eliminate the antibacterial activity of an...
Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
einin Li Liljeblad The enantiomers of aromatic 4-dibenzocyclooctynol (DIBO), used for radiolabeling and subsequent conjugation of biomolecules to form radioligands for positron emission tomography (PET), were separated by kinetic resolution using lipase A from Candida antarctica (CAL-A). In optimized conditions, (R)-DIBO [(R)-1, ee 95%] and its acetylated (S)-ester [(S)-2, ee 96%] were isolated. In silico docking results explained the ability of CAL-A to differentiate the enantiomers of DIBO and to accommodate various acyl donors. Anhydrous MgCl2 was used for binding water from the reaction medium and, thus, for ...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
In this study, the effectiveness and safety of amphenmulin were further investigated. Amphenmulin showed excellent antibacterial activity against MRSA (minimal inhibitory concentration = 0.0156~8 µg/mL) and performed time-dependent growth inhibition and a concentration-dependent postantibiotic effect (PAE). Acute oral toxicity test in mice showed that amphenmulin was a practical non-toxic drug and possessed high security as a new drug with the 50% lethal dose (LD50) above 5000 mg/kg. The pharmacokinetic properties of amphenmulin were then measured. After intravenous administration, the elimination half-life (T1/2...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Authors: Meyer D, Smit DP Abstract Both infective and neoplastic eyelid and orbital conditions in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients are often the result of opportunistic or co-infections (OI). In most cases, these clinical findings in younger patients alert the physician to suspected underlying HIV infection. When the eyelids and periorbital skin are primarily involved in OI with varicella-zoster virus it is called Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus. Co-infection with a Pox virus manifests as molluscum contagiosum eruptions. Orbital cellulitis is secondary to various organisms (Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
Source: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Ocul Immunol Inflamm Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Beyond methicillin resistance, we did not find phenotypic or genotypic factors associated with the poor outcome of S. aureus native arthritis. CC5 was the major CC, showing the higher genetic variability of MSSA versus MRSA. PMID: 32057526 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research
Authors: Fernández Conesa M, Milena Muñoz A, Valero González MÁ Abstract We read with interest the article by Guido Villa-Gómez, Manuel Alejandro Mahler and Dante Manazzoni "A new case of pseudoaneurysm of the right hepatic artery secondary to laparoscopic cholecystectomy". A 57-year-old cholecystectomized female was admitted due to abdominal pain with an analytical pattern of cholestasis and liver enzyme alterations, with cholangitis that progressed to septic shock of a biliary origin with gradual anemia and hypotension. PMID: 32054281 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research
This study reports anti-virulence activity against S. aureus, including a MRSA clinical isolate, of naphto-γ-pyrones from Aspergillus welwitschiae mycelium, and the characterization of chemical constituents by LC-DAD and LC-MS. A remarkable decrease in biofilm formation, hemolysis and coagulation promoted by Staphylococcus aureus, important traits for bacterial pathogenicity, were observed. Furthermore, advantageous association with vancomycin resulted in significant protection against staphylococcal infection in Galleria mellonella model. These findings corroborate the importance of natural products as a source of n...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 February 2020Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial ResistanceAuthor(s): Sinan Mermer, Tuncer Turhan, Elif Bolat, Sohret Aydemir, Tansu Yamazhan, Husnu Pullukcu, Bilgin Arda, Hilal Sipahi, Sercan Ulusoy, Oguz Resat SipahiAbstractObjectivesHerein, we aimed to compare the antibacterial activity of ceftaroline and vancomycin in the treatment of MRSA meningitis in experimental rabbit meningitis model.MethodsWe compared the antibacterial activity of ceftaroline with vancomycin in the treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) meningitis (induced by MRSA strain ATCC 433...
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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