Hemodynamic effects of anesthesia type in patients undergoing laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal inguinal hernia repair under spinal vs general anesthesia

ConclusionsSpinal anesthesia is as effective as general anesthesia concerning hemodynamic stability and seems to provide a better result in maintaining hemodynamic stability with fewer fluctuations in blood pressure and mild alterations in heart rate values during TAPP inguinal hernia repair.
Source: Hernia - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

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AbstractPurposeThe aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of spinal anesthesia and hemodynamic parameters of intravenous versus intrathecal dexmedetomidine in patients undergoing inguinal hernia repair surgery under spinal anesthesia.MethodsFifty male patients aged 18 –70 years with ASA I and II were randomly divided into two groups of 25 patients receiving either intravenous (1 μg/kg infused during 10 min before blockade) or intrathecal (5 μg, added to local anesthetics) dexmedetomidine. The duration of analgesia, sensory and motor blockade levels, the s core of pain intensity, post-...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Summary: Incisional hernia often complicates kidney transplant. However, there are few reports showing pitfalls after the repair of incisional hernia following living-donor kidney transplant. A 55-year-old man underwent living-donor kidney transplant from his wife at the Department of Urology at the authors’ hospital. He noticed abdominal distension 6 months postoperatively and was diagnosed with incisional hernia by computed tomography (CT) imaging. Clinical examination revealed the extensive distension of the right abdomen; noncontrast abdominal CT showed transverse colon, descending colon, and mesenteric prolapse ...
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Global Open - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Conclusion/clinical relevance: Posterior and anterior epidural, and intradural disc migration may manifest with clinical symptoms indistinguishable from those associated with non-sequestered lumbar disc hernias. Missed, migrated disc fragments can be implicated as a cause of low back pain, radiculopathy or cauda equina syndrome, especially in the absence of visible disc herniation. A high index of suspicion needs to be maintained in those cases with unexplained and persistent symptoms and/or no obvious disc herniation on MR images. PMID: 32130089 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research
Conclusion: It is important to consider mesh graft migration to viscus as a cause of persistent abdominal pain and bleeding per rectum irrespective of the time of presentation post hernia repair. PMID: 31788028 [PubMed]
Source: Patient Safety in Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Patient Saf Surg Source Type: research
ConclusionA detailed understanding of inguinal anatomy is an indispensable basic requirement for all surgeons to perform inguinal ultrasonography as well as open inguinal hernia repair, avoiding complications, especially postoperative inguinodynia.
Source: Hernia - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionThe inguinal hernioplastia under local anesthesia plus sedation is a safe method, with a low incidence of complications, great acceptance by patients and less expensive.
Source: Hernia - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
In this study, the researchers looked at opioid prescriptions in 2016, and the numbers are shocking. In the US, 22% of prescriptions written by dentists were for opioids, compared with just 0.6% for British dentists, and US dentists prescribed about 35 opioids per 1,000 population, compared to just 0.5 opioid prescriptions per 1,000 population in England. Additionally, the opioid prescribed in England was a relatively weak codeine-like drug, whereas in the US the majority of prescriptions were for hydrocodone, a stronger opioid with greater abuse potential. When does an opioid prescription make sense? It is simply impossib...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Addiction Pain Management Source Type: blogs
AbstractBackgroundHernias severely impact patient quality of life (QoL), and 80% of patients need surgical operation. The primary outcome of the study is to assess improvements in balance, posture and deambulation after abdominal hernia repair. Moreover, the study investigated the improvement in the postoperative QoL.MethodsPatients operated at the Policlinico “Paolo Giaccone” at Palermo University Hospital between June 2015 and June 2017 were identified in a prospective database. The functional outcome measures and QoL assessment scales used were numeric rating scale for pain, performance-oriented mobility ass...
Source: World Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
This report supports that the novel mutation of RNF139 p.Q650R probably serve as a key role in HBs progression. Introduction Central nervous system hemangioblastomas (HBs) are benign tumors which usually occur in cerebellum (1), and the pathogenesis of HBs is still unknown. According to the revised World Health Organization (WHO) classification of tumors of the nervous system published in 2000, HBs were classified to the tumors of uncertain histogenesis. The morphology code of the International Classification of Diseases for Oncology (ICD-O)is 9161/1, grade I. HBs are composed of mesenchymal cells and abundant capi...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
We report 3 cases of SA for inguinal hernia repairs. The contralateral inguinal region was explored by laparoscopic port placement and pneumoperitoneum through the surgical site. Ages ranged from 5 to 15 weeks, postconceptual age from 46 to 55 weeks, and weights from 4.0 to 6.6 kg. Spinal anesthetics were supplemented with intravenous dexmedetomidine. One patient experienced hypertension and tachycardia during insufflation with brief supplemental use of sevoflurane. Opioids were spared in 2 patients. Pain scores were low throughout. SA as a primary anesthetic may be used in pediatric laparoscopic procedures.
Source: A&A Case Reports - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research
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