Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis-like lesions on chest computed tomography in routine clinical practice

This study included 1284 patients who underwent chest CT in 2011 at a hospital. The incidence of PPFE-like lesions and their correlation with age, body mass index, and concomitant pulmonary findings were assessed. Moreover, predictors of lesion progression were evaluated on follow-up. The ethical review board waived the requirement of informed consent for the retrospective review of patient records.ResultsIn total, 397 (30.9%) of the 1284 patients presented with PPFE-like lesions. The presence of PPFE-like lesions was correlated with older age (mean 72.2 vs. 69.9  years,p = 0.002); lower BMI (mean 21.0 vs. 23.2,p 
Source: Japanese Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 17 October 2019Source: European Journal of RadiologyAuthor(s): Long Cao, Ruiqiong Shi, Yangyang Ge, Lei Xing, Panli Zuo, Yan Jia, Jie Liu, Yuan He, Xinhao Wang, Shaoliang Luan, Xiangfei Chai, Wei GuoGraphical abstractDeep learning-based algorithm provides an automated segmentation solution for type B aortic dissection (TBAD) on original CTAs. The serial multi-task based CNN achieved the best Dice coefficient scores (0.93 ± 0.01, 0.93 ± 0.01, and 0.91 ± 0.02 for the whole aorta, true lumen, and false lumen, respectively) and ob...
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 October 2019Source: European Journal of RadiologyAuthor(s): Joyman Makamure, Dan Zhao, Yiming Liu, Yong Wang, Chuansheng Zheng, Bin LiangAbstractPurposeTo evaluate the prevalence and lesion characteristics of hepatic hemangioma (HH) with arterioportal shunt (APS) based on digital subtraction angiography (DSA), computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging.MethodNinety-eight consecutive patients with 189 HHs who underwent DSA, CT and/or MR imaging of the liver between January 2014 and December 2017 were included. The diagnosis of APS was established by DSA. APS was catego...
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionThe use of an ipsilateral NSF for the transpterygoid management of temporo-sphenoidal meningoceles, although more complex, allows a better coverage of the defect, compared to the contralateral NSF, which is not long enough in 42% of cases.
Source: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with a history of lung disease including chronic bronchitis, emphysema, tuberculosis, lung cancer and pneumonia, and a history of thoracic surgery, might have an increased post-acupuncture risk of pneumothorax. This information may possibly help physicians avoid post-acupuncture pneumothorax. PMID: 31433202 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn this study, we developed and validated a deep learning algorithm that classified clinically important abnormalities in chest radiographs at a performance level comparable to practicing radiologists. Once tested prospectively in clinical settings, the algorithm could have the potential to expand patient access to chest radiograph diagnostics.
Source: PLoS Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: Even though the size of our study population was small, the positive rate of 7.4% was like or lower than those in other lung cancer screening studies. Early lung cancer was detected using LDCT screening in one participant. Lung-RADS may be applicable to participants in Korea, where pulmonary tuberculosis is endemic. PMID: 29962887 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Korean J Radiol - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Korean J Radiol Source Type: research
By HUGH HARVEY, MD Artificial intelligence requires data. Ideally that data should be clean, trustworthy and above all, accurate. Unfortunately, medical data is far from it. In fact medical data is sometimes so far removed from being clean, it’s positively dirty. Consider the simple chest X-ray, the good old-fashioned posterior-anterior radiograph of the thorax. One of the longest standing radiological techniques in the medical diagnostic armoury, performed across the world by the billions. So many in fact, that radiologists struggle to keep up with the sheer volume, and sometimes forget to read the odd 23,000 of the...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized AI Data Hugh Harvey Radiology Source Type: blogs
BACKGROUND: The radiologic change by tuberculosis can be associated with airflow obstruction. However, the association between airflow obstruction and abnormalities on chest X-ray (CXR) other than tuberculosis (nontuberculous lesion) is not well known. We evaluated the association between airflow limitation and nontuberculous lesion.METHOD: The data of the 4th &5th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey; a cross-sectional survey in the general population of Korea was analyzed. CXR findings were categorized into 3 groups; normal, tuberculosis (active, suspicious, inactive tuberculosis), and nontuberculou...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: 4.1 Clinical Physiology, Exercise and Functional Imaging Source Type: research
Conclusion Medical thoracoscopy is safe and effective for the diagnosis of benign and malignant pleural disease and pulmonary nodules.
Source: Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions Lung biopsy through medical thoracoscopy is a safe, effective and viable procedure for the diagnosis of diffuse parenchymal lung diseases.
Source: Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
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