Examining developmental relations between core academic language skills and reading comprehension for English learners and their peers.
Although many adolescents struggle to comprehend text, the school-relevant language skills, which might contribute to variation in reading comprehension ability during this developmental period, remain understudied. To expand the research base, this study examines the concurrent development of academic language skills and reading comprehension in a sample of emergent bilinguals (EBs) and their English proficient (EP) peers (n = 573) followed over two academic years, from Grade six to seven. Parallel process latent growth modeling results reveal that academic language and reading comprehension skills develop concurrently, with growth rates in Core Academic Language Skills (CALS) positively associated with growth rates in reading comprehension. Furthermore, initial levels of CALS predicted rates of growth in reading comprehension. We also find that EBs, who are by definition in the process of acquiring English, begin Grade six with CALS that are far below their peers, but develop these skills at similar rates as their EP classmates. Results reveal the potential for CALS-focused instruction for improving adolescent learners’ reading comprehension development, and highlight the particular relevance of supporting CALS for EBs, who are tasked with acquiring the language of print at the same time as they are acquiring other registers of English. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)
Publication date: Available online 10 July 2020Source: Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology and Environmental MutagenesisAuthor(s): V. Saravanan, S.S. Murugan, T.S. Kumaravel
Publication date: June–July 2020Source: Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis, Volumes 854–855Author(s):
Publication date: Available online 10 July 2020Source: Trends in GeneticsAuthor(s): David S. Wendler
Publication date: Available online 11 July 2020Source: Gene Expression PatternsAuthor(s): Roberto Rodríguez-Morales, Viveca Vélez-Negrón, Aranza Torrado-Tapias, Gaurav Varshney, Martine Behra
Publication date: Available online 10 July 2020Source: Revista Clínica Española (English Edition)Author(s): J.J. Hijona Elósegui, A.L. Carballo García, A.C. Fernández Risquez, M. Bermúdez Quintana, J.F. Expósito Montes
In this study, cynomolgus macaque UGT3A1, UGT3A2, and UGT8A1 cDNAs were isolated and characterized. Amino acid sequences deduced from cynomolgus UGT3A1, UGT3A2, and UGT8A1 cDNAs were highly identical with their human orthologs (93, 96, and 99%, respectively) and were closely clustered in a phylogenetic tree. In the genome, cynomolgus UGT3A and UGT8A genes were located in the regions corresponding to those of their human orthologs. Among the 10 tissue types analyzed, expression of cynomolgus UGT3A1 and UGT3A2 mRNAs was detected in liver, kidney, and testis; the UGT3A1 and UGT3A2 mRNAs were most abundant in liver and testis,...
Publication date: October 2020Source: Safety Science, Volume 130Author(s): Fei Tang, Zunxin Zhao, Kun Zhao
Publication date: Available online 10 July 2020Source: Safety ScienceAuthor(s): Paul Lindhout, Genserik Reniers
Publication date: Available online 11 July 2020Source: Safety and Health at WorkAuthor(s): Saija Hyvönen, Jouni Lohi, Tamara Tuuminen
Publication date: November 2020Source: Urology Case Reports, Volume 33Author(s): Gina T. Baaklini, Misty J. Thompson, Kevin J. Krauland, Daniel R. Walker, Steven J. Hudak