Urinary Tract Infection in Children.
CONCLUSION: Currently, a second or third generation cephalosporin and amoxicillin-clavulanate are drugs of choice in the treatment of acute uncomplicated UTI. Parenteral antibiotic therapy is recommended for infants ≤ 2 months, and any child who is toxic-looking, hemodynamically unstable, immunocompromised, unable to tolerate oral medication, or not responding to oral medication. A combination of intravenous ampicillin and intravenous/intramuscular gentamycin or a third-generation cephalosporin can be used in those situations. Routine antimicrobial prophylaxis is rarely justified, but continuous antimicrobial prophylaxis should be considered for children with frequent febrile UTI. PMID: 30592257 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionsExtra-pelvic endometriosis, traditionally thought to be rare, have been reported in a considerable number of cases. Heightened awareness and clinical suspicion of the disease, and multi-disciplinary approach is recommended to achieve prompt diagnosis and optimize patient outcomes. At this time, there are no comparative studies to provide recommendations regarding optimal diagnostic methods, treatment options and outcomes for endometriosis involving extra-pelvic sites.
ConclusionsGVS appeared as a well-tolerated and powerful procedure for the relief of experimental pain, probably through physiological interaction within insular nociceptive networks. Either isolated or in combination with other types of vestibular activation (e.g., optokinetic stimuli), GVS deserves being tested in clinical settings.
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Jaspreet Dhanda, James Gray, Ellen Knox, Amreen Bashir
ConclusionIn summary, our results show that farms are an important reservoir of colistin-resistant E.coli, added to other additional genes, such as blaESBL. The transfer of manure from animals to soil and irrigation water might be spreading a mix of multiple resistances, posing a worrying threat to human health.Graphical abstract
ConclusionThe twin block is effective in the long-term management of masticatory myofascial pain as compared to trigger point injections.Trial RegistrationClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03870191
Conclusions: The DC-TAV program is an ambitious, civilian-military, nationwide and long-term program, based on a harmonised standard of care and including multidimensional training. Further studies are required to assess its efficacy.
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: Anaesthesia Critical Care &Pain MedicineAuthor(s): Arnaud Chaumeron, Jeremie Castanie, Louis Philippe Fortier, Patrick Basset, Sophie Bastide, Sandrine Alonso, Jean-Yves Lefrant, Philippe CuvillonABSTRACTBackground: Rapid sequence induction (RSI) is recommended in patients at risk of aspiration, but induced hemodynamic adverse events, including tachycardia. In elderly patients, this trial aimed to assess the impact of the addition of remifentanil during RSI on the occurrence of: tachycardia (primary outcome), hypertension (due to intubation) nor hypotension (rem...
ConclusionsBronchodilator dose responsiveness may be useful for phenotyping and may be of utility in practice and future studies focused on asthma outcomes or quantification of treatment responses. In children and adolescents, this phenotype of poor bronchodilator responsiveness may be associated with periods of relatively stable disease yet marked airway constriction in response to triggers, including tobacco smoke, respiratory infections/pneumonia, and aeroallergens.
ConclusionWe applied the ALDEN score to the claims database to identify possible culprit drugs for SJS and TEN in South Korea. This approach could shed light on research and policymaking for drug adverse reactions.
Publication date: Available online 11 October 2019Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In PracticeAuthor(s): Luis Caraballo, Mahapatra Shayan, Ves Dimov, Frank J. Eidelman