Chronic Rhinitis Is a High-Risk Comorbidity for 30-Day Hospital Readmission of Patients with Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

ConclusionsComorbid CR is significantly associated with 30-day asthma- and COPD-related readmissions. These findings are useful for guiding health care professionals to focus on outpatient management of both the upper and lower respiratory tracts to reduce early readmission of patients with asthma and COPD.
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

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ConclusionsWomen with obesity and PCOS had an earlier return of hunger in the postprandial period after an ad libitum meal, but there was not associated with postprandial ghrelin and insulin levels.
Source: Physiology and Behavior - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) would receive $34.4 billion in FY 2020, roughly $4.7 billion or 13 percent below the levels enacted by Congress for FY 2019, according to the President’s Budget released on March 11. The budget for NIH includes $492 million in funding made available through the 21st Century Cures Act and $150 million in mandatory funding. The leading biomedical research agency in the world would receive budget cuts across the board. All NIH centers are slated for budget reductions: National Cancer Institute: -8.7 percent National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: -14 percent National Inst...
Source: Public Policy Reports - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: news
The rising prevalence of allergies represents an increasing socioeconomic burden. A detailed understanding of the immunological mechanisms that underlie the development of allergic disease, as well as the processes that drive immune tolerance to allergens, will be instrumental in designing therapeutic strategies to treat and prevent allergic disease. Improved characterization of individual patients through the use of specific biomarkers and improved definitions of disease endotypes are paving the way for the use of targeted therapeutic approaches for personalized treatment. Allergen-specific immunotherapy and biologic ther...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
This study evaluated the use of and access to different services involved in the care of patients with arterial hypertension in the Public Health System in the municipality of S ão Paulo, Brazil. This is an ecological study that addressed the magnitude, trend and relationships of outpatient procedures linked to the arterial hypertension care Data were retrieved from the SIA/SUS and the Estabsus from the Municipal Health Secretariat, and were processed with PostgreSQL relat ional database linking the different information by the indicators chosen and analyzed by territories. The statistical analysis were performed by...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
Resumo Investigar os fatores associados ao controle glic êmico de pessoas com diabetes mellitus (DM). Estudo transversal realizado com 746 pessoas com DM tipo 2 e 40 anos ou mais de idade. Elegeu-se as seguintes variáveis: socioeconômicas, dados clínicos, estilo de vida e o risco para o desenvolvimento de úlceras nos pés. A coleta dos dados ocorreu por meio de entrevista, análise do prontuário e exame clínico dos membros inferiores. Utilizou-se o modelo de regressão múltipla de Poisson para determinação das razões de preval&ecir...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
This study provides support for creating executable software with a low investment, along with the use of a portable instrument could allow number of hospital admission due to respiratory diseases and provide support to local health managers. Furthermore, the fuzzy model is very simple and involves low computational costs, an implementation making possible.Resumo Interna ções por doenças respiratórias geram custos financeiros para o Sistema de Saúde além de custos sociais. O objetivo deste estudo foi elaborar e validar um modelo linguístico “ fuzzy ” para previs ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study documented disproportionate risks of being verbally bullied for obese/overweight US second graders. The risk of being verbally bullied was significantly greater for obese/overweight White children vs. obese/overweight Hispanic children.ImplicationsFindings can inform the development of strategies to reduce verbal bullying of obese/overweight children in US elementary schools.
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Abstract Aging leads to psychological losses and various physical changes that, associated with body-stereotyped patterns imposed by society, can cause disturbances in the body image perception (BIP) in the elderly. The aim of this study was to evaluate BIP in older adults living in the city of Campina Grande / PB and its relationship with different anthropometric and body composition indicators. This cross-sectional study was carried out with older adults of both sexes enrolled in the Family Health Strategy of Campina Grande, PB. BIP was considered as a dependent variable and body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
Abstract Overweight is a health risk indicator, but little is known about its influence on the chronic non-communicable diseases (NCD) multimorbidity. The aim of this study was to identify the predictive values and sociodemographic factors associated with Body Mass Index (BMI) as a determinant of the occurrence of NCD multimorbidity in Brazilian men and women. Data from the "Surveillance of risk and protection factors for chronic diseases by telephone survey" -2013 national survey were used. The population was composed of ≥ 18 year-old individuals and those living in house with a fixed telephone line in the 27...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The results of the study suggest that there is high prevalence of NCD risk factors in patients with CMD. Hypertension is more common in males while obesity and inadequate physical activity is more common in females. NCD risk factor screening and management, health education should be integrated in CPS. PMID: 30878917 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research
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