Fatty Infiltrate of the Lumbar Multifidus Muscles Predicts Return to Play in Young Athletes With Extension-Based Low Back Pain

Conclusion: Our study demonstrated that athletes with EB LBP and fatty infiltrate in the LMM had lower odds of return to sport compared with athletes with normal muscle. Level of Evidence: II B. Clinical Relevance: This study provides sports medicine clinicians with a prognostic tool to help manage young athletes with EB LBP. Clinicians can make decisions regarding rehabilitation and return to play based on MRI findings.
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

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We describe the case of a 68-year-old woman with an acute episode of severe low back pain (LBP) resistant to opioids, who had experienced a sacral insufficiency fracture (SIF) two years earlier. At clinical examination, patient reported constant, dull, non-localizable pain at lumbar and sacral level, exacerbated by paravertebral palpation, particularly at L4-L5 and the sacroiliac joint, with a concomitant and remittent neuropathic component, difficult to localize at lumbar and sacral level. The latest magnetic resonance imaging study revealed disc herniations at L3-L4, L4-L5, and L5-S1 levels. The patient was treated with ...
Source: Functional Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: Funct Neurol Source Type: research
Conclusion. Patients with symptomatic LBP who underwent low-pressure PD, but who did not undergo a subsequent spinal fusion surgery, developed disc degeneration and new disc herniations at a similar rate to corresponding discs in matched control patients. Level of Evidence: 3
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: SPINE UPDATE Source Type: research
In rare cases low back pain (LBP) may be caused by underlying serious pathology such as fracture, malignancy, cauda equina syndrome or spinal infection. The lack of evidence regarding either the clinical prevalence or population incidence of serious pathologies in the lumbar spine makes it difficult for clinicians to adequately assess a patient's risk of serious pathology.
Source: The Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
En reiseglad 80-åring med ryggsmerter og vekttap. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2019 Sep 10;139(12): Authors: Leknesund SH, Finjord T, Jordal S Abstract BACKGROUND: This case report presents one of the first documented incidents of chronic Q-fever (C. burnetii) in Norway. A comprehensive workup resulted in an unexpected finding. CASE PRESENTATION: A Norwegian woman in her eighties presented to a district general hospital with lower back pain, decreased general condition and weight loss. Computer tomography (CT) revealed a large thoracic aortic aneurysm presumed to be of mycotic origin, and later ...
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research
In rare cases low back pain may be caused by underlying serious pathology such as fracture, malignancy, cauda equina syndrome, or spinal infection. The lack of evidence regarding either the clinical prevalence or population incidence of serious pathologies in the lumbar spine makes it difficult for clinicians to adequately assess a patient's risk of serious pathology.
Source: The Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
Study Design. Cross-sectional. Objective. We quantified fatty infiltration (FI) geography of the lumbar spine to identify whether demographics, temporal low back pain (LBP), and disability influence FI patterns. Summary of Background Data. Lumbar paravertebral muscle FI has been associated with age, sex, LBP, and disability; yet, FI accumulation patterns are inadequately described to optimize interventions. Methods. This cross-sectional study employed lumbar axial T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging in 107 Southern-Chinese adults (54 females, 53 males). Single-slices at the vertebral inferior end-plate per lu...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: CLINICAL CASE SERIES Source Type: research
Conclusions The transforaminal endoscopic sequestrectomy can be safely implemented in a university hospital setting in selected patients with primary and recurrent lumbar disk herniations, and it leads to good clinical and radiologic results. However, learning curve, caseload, and residents' microsurgical training requirements clearly affect the implementation process. [...] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Journal of Neurological Surgery Part A: Central European Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Compared with sham or no traction, lumbar traction exhibited significantly more pain reduction and functional improvements in the short term, but not in the long term. There is insufficient evidence to support the effect of lumbar traction on herniated disk size reduction. PMID: 31456418 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research
Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is defined as the severe compression of the cauda equina resulting in loss of lower sacral nerve root function. There are no studies to date that demonstrate whether physical examination can accurately diagnose CES, therefore providers feel obligated to order magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies on patients reporting bowel or bladder dysfunction with associated low back pain to rule out a diagnosis of CES.
Source: The Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: The case highlights the diagnostic challenges of co-existent OTB-ABC and the significant role of surgical management  via spinal reconstruction, stabilization and fusion after gross total tumour excision.Keywords: Osteoblastoma, aneurysmal bone cyst, lumbar vertebra, paediatric, instrumented fusion.
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research
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