"Traditional" and "Healthy" Dietary Patterns Are Associated with Low Cardiometabolic Risk in Brazilian Subjects.

This study aimed at determining the dietary patterns and investigating their association with cardiometabolic risk markers in a brazilian population at risk. This transversal study was carried out with data of 265 patients (n = 123 M/172 W, age 42 ± 16 years) of the Cardiovascular Health Care Program-PROCARDIO-UFV, Brazil-who had their first appointment between 2012 and 2017. A 24-hour recall was applied. The dietary patterns were determined by Principal Component Analysis. Anthropometric, clinical-metabolic, sociodemographic, and lifestyle data were collected through medical record analysis. Five patterns were identified: "Traditional", "Caloric", "Unhealthy", "Healthy," and "Healthy Snacks". In bivariate analysis, the "Healthy" pattern was negatively associated with WC (waist circunference), BMI (body mass index), WHR (waist-to-hip ratio), SBP (systolic blood pressure), fasting glucose, TG/HDL, LDL/HDL, and TG/HDL values and positively to HDL. The "Traditional" pattern was positively associated with adiposity indicators (WC, BMI, and WHR) and negatively associated with body fat, TyG (triglyceride-glucose index), HDL, and LDL (P
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

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Discussion Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is a rare disorder. It is usually considered an autosomal recessive disorder but there is significant intra-familial variability. There are multiple genes (~20 currently) involved and it is believed that the phenotypic variability is due to “…differences in the total mutational load across different BBS associated genes….” It is a ciliopathy where mutation changes in proteins in the cilias causes problems in the cilia’s functioning particularly signaling. Cilia are important in signaling to maintain tissue and cellular homeostasis. Obviously screening o...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
The objective of the present study was to investigate the association between hair and urine Al levels and obesity.MethodsA total of 206 lean and 205 obese non-occupationally exposed subjects (30-50 y.o.) were enrolled in the study. Hair and urine Al levels were assessed with ICP-MS. Laboratory quality control was performed using the certified reference materials of human hair, plasma, and urine.ResultsHair and urinary Al levels in obese subjects were significantly higher by 31% and 46% compared to the control levels, respectively. The presence of hypertension (41% cases), atherosclerosis (8%), type 2 diabetes melli...
Source: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
ConclusionReported cases of PTRCT and its surgical repair have both increased substantially over time. Approximately 11.70% of patients with PTRCT undergo either open or arthroscopic procedure as a means of surgical repair. With the growing popularity of arthroscopic procedures for rotator cuff repair, further investigation should be performed to analyze trends and risk factors for PTRCT, a seemingly underrepresented orthopedic condition.
Source: Journal of Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 August 2019Source: The Lancet Diabetes &EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Fereidoun Azizi, Farzad Hadaegh, Farhad Hosseinpanah, Parvin Mirmiran, Atieh Amouzegar, Hengameh Abdi, Golaleh Asghari, Donna Parizadeh, Seyed Ali Montazeri, Mojtaba Lotfaliany, Farzin Takyar, Davood KhaliliSummaryThe Middle East and north Africa are home to different populations with widely varying cultures, histories, and socioeconomic settings. Hence, their health status, health management, and access to appropriate health care differ accordingly. In this Review, we examine data on the historical and prospective sta...
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionsDYDA 2 is the first randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to explore the effect of a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor on LVSF in T2DM patients in primary prevention regardless of glycemic control. The main characteristics of the enrolled population are reported.Trial registrationClinicalTrial.gov Identifier: NCT02851745.
Source: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Obesity is a well-known risk factor of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and it is commonly accompanied by T2DM. It is estimated that almost two thirds of the population with T2DM is also affected by hypertension. Elevated arterial blood pressure would increase the risk for diabetes development. Recently some studies indicated that a high-protein diet was effective for weight loss, and therefore we hypothesized that a high-protein diet could help control blood glucose, mitigate insulin resistance (IR) and improve blood pressure by weight management in T2DM patients.
Source: Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Meta-analyses Source Type: research
The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a clustering of abdominal obesity, diabetes and prediabetes, high cholesterol and high blood pressure, that confers an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. There is limite...
Source: Diabetology and Metabolic Syndrome - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Authors: Yang L Abstract Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a widespread clinical syndrome directly associated with patient short-term and long-term morbidity and mortality. During the last decade, the incidence rate of AKI has been increasing, the repeated and severe episodes of AKI have been recognized as a major risk factor chronic kidney diseases (CKD) and end-stage kidney disease (ESRD) leading to global disease burden. Proposed pathological processes and risk factors that add to the transition of AKI to CKD and ESRD include severity and frequency of kidney injury, older age, gender, genetics and chronic health cond...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Lv JC, Zhang LX Abstract Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been recognized as a leading public health problem worldwide. The global estimated prevalence of CKD is 13.4% (11.7-15.1%), and patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) needing renal replacement therapy is estimated between 4.902 and 7.083 million. Through its effect on cardiovascular risk and ESKD, CKD directly affects the global burden of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The global increase in this disease is mainly driven by the increase in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, obesity, and aging. But in some regions, other ca...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31403704 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
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