Role of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors for modulation of microcircuits in the agranular insular cortex

ConclusionThe activation of nAChRs layer specifically modulates synaptic transmission and plasticity in the mouse agranular insular cortex. These synaptic mechanisms are critical to understand the modulating effects of ACh or nicotine on physiological and pathophysiological functions associated with the insular cortex.
Source: Journal of Oral Biosciences - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research

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Prompted by the statements of anti-tobacco groups throughout the country claiming that vaping causes popcorn lung, a new organization was launched this past Thursday to confront this new and alarming epidemic among young people. The organization is called the American Popcorn Lung Association (APLA) and it has aTwitter feed (@LungPopcorn)." Popcorn lung " is a serious, progressive lung disease that is technically known as bronchiolitis obliterans. The disease results in obstruction of the smallest airways in the lung. The disease is irreversible and can be fatal. A lung transplant is the only definitive treatment...
Source: The Rest of the Story: Tobacco News Analysis and Commentary - Category: Addiction Source Type: blogs
A July 11column by the American Nonsmokers'Rights Foundation (ANRF) is entitled " Big Tobacco Lies. So Does Juul. " A large image shows a graduating college student with the quote: " We were literally going to be the first generation not addicted to nicotine. And then they made it taste like cotton candy and everyone is vaping and ADDICTED to nicotine. "The Rest of the StoryThe headline should more appropriately say: " Big Tobacco Lies. So Does Juul. And So Does the American Nonsmokers'Rights Foundation. "ANRF is lying here because they are implying that Juul created cotton candy-flavored e-ci...
Source: The Rest of the Story: Tobacco News Analysis and Commentary - Category: Addiction Source Type: blogs
Authors: Pal Singh Balhara Y, Singh S Abstract Problematic internet use has been reported to be high among school students. An online course was developed with an aim to strengthen the capacity of school teachers and counsellors on early identification, detection and intervention for behavioral addictions involving use of internet. The current report presents the observation from the first batch of participants of this course. Of the 28 teachers and counselors who expressed interest by enrollment in the course, a total of 15 participants provided both the pre and post course evaluation forms. The preliminary findin...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 July 2019Source: Computers in Human BehaviorAuthor(s): Hongxia Li, Yafei Guo, Quanlei YuAbstractPeople may often encounter a dilemma where they have to choose between smaller but immediate benefits and larger but delayed rewards, which is termed intertemporal choice. To explore the unusual behavior in intertemporal choice among those who are addicted to internet, a dual processing model, which is at present limited to the neural science, is tested and further extended to behavioral domain through a series of laboratory experiment. Study 1 tested and supported the dual processing model ...
Source: Computers in Human Behavior - Category: Information Technology Source Type: research
Patients not only have to be put in the center of care, but also in the center of health technology. In a more general manner that’s what digital humanism is about. Instead of technological development serving the interests of big tech companies to the detriment of people by exploiting human weaknesses and by taking control out of their hands, humans should step up and say stop to technology degrading humans, creating or widening gaps in societies, disregarding diversity. Here are some ideas and principles about how that, namely digital humanism, could unfold in healthcare. Technology vs. humans: who has control? ...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Future of Medicine design development digital digital health digital technology ethics Healthcare human human nature humanism Innovation philosophy social sciences society technology design Source Type: blogs
AbstractPurpose of ReviewPatients with opioid use disorder (OUD) often have concomitant medical conditions requiring hospitalization. This review describes the treatment of patients with OUD in acute care hospitals. Topics addressed include screening hospitalized patients for OUD, hospital initiation of medications for OUD (MOUD), Addiction Medicine Consult Services (AMCS), managing infectious complications of intravenous opioid use, and clinical innovations.Recent FindingsManagement of opioid withdrawal and initiation of MOUD in hospitalized patients improves engagement in post-discharge addiction treatment. Implementatio...
Source: Current Addiction Reports - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
AbstractThe information on prevalence of obesity, diabetes, metabolic syndrome (MetS) and cardiovascular risk (CVR) and on sociodemographic variables available in patients with psychiatric diseases about to be treated with weight gain-associated medication (e.g., clozapine, mirtazapine, quetiapine) is limited. In a naturalistic study, psychiatric inpatients (age: 18 –75) of all F diagnoses according to ICD-10, who were about to be treated with weight gain-associated medication, were included. Demographic variables were assessed as well as biological parameters to calculate the Body Mass Index (BMI), MetS, diabetes an...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Candidates for the medical marijuana grower program in Utah include a longtime alfalfa farmer whose battle with cancer sparked an interest in cannabis and an ambitious hemp processor who lost his mother to an opioid addiction
Source: ABC News: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news
A divided federal appeals court on Friday ruled against Indivior Plc in its bid to stop Dr. Reddy's Laboratories Ltd and Alvogen from selling generic versions of its opioid addiction treatment Suboxone film that infringed its patents.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
A new report by the inspector general for HHS shows prescriptions to treat opioid addiction are way up in recent years, while prescriptions for the painkillers have fallen.Kaiser Health News
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news
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