10 New Year ’s Resolutions Doctors Actually Want You to Make

Each year, Americans’ most popular New Year’s resolutions are more or less the same: get healthy, get organized, save money. But doctors at the American Medical Association (AMA) have some more specific thoughts in mind for 2019. The AMA this week released a list of 10 wellness-focused resolutions that could “help Americans make the most impactful, long-lasting improvements to their health in 2019.” Here’s what they are — and how to make them happen. Learn your risk for type 2 diabetes Diabetes is one of the most common chronic health conditions in the U.S., affecting an estimated 30 million Americans. But as of the CDC’s last estimate, almost a quarter of Americans who have type-2 diabetes are undiagnosed, meaning they’re not getting the care they need — and even more people may have prediabetes without knowing it. The AMA recommends taking a self-screening test at DoIHavePrediabetes.org to find out if you’re at risk. Be more physically active Most people do not meet the federal guidelines for physical activity, which say that adults should get 150 minutes of moderate or 75 minutes of vigorous aerobic activity each week, plus twice-weekly muscle-strengthening sessions. The good news, however, is it’s easier to meet that goal than you might think. Everyday activities like walking, cleaning, dancing and taking the stairs all count toward your total, so there’s no need to slog it out at the gym if you drea...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized healthytime Holidays 2018 public health Source Type: news

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Authors: Li T, Han J, Jia L, Hu X, Chen L, Wang Y Abstract A change in the metabolic flux of glucose from mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) to aerobic glycolysis is regarded as one hallmark of cancer. However, the mechanisms underlying the metabolic switch between aerobic glycolysis and OXPHOS are unclear. Here we show that the M2 isoform of pyruvate kinase (PKM2), one of the rate-limiting enzymes in glycolysis, interacts with mitofusin 2 (MFN2), a key regulator of mitochondrial fusion, to promote mitochondrial fusion and OXPHOS, and attenuate glycolysis. mTOR increases the PKM2:MFN2 interaction by p...
Source: Protein and Cell - Category: Cytology Tags: Protein Cell Source Type: research
In conclusion, CD133 promoted the upregulation of CSC/TSC-related genes in glioma cells, while enhancing the neurosphere-forming ability and in-vivo oncogenicity. PMID: 30891998 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Biol Regul Homeost Agents Source Type: research
Conclusions: tTGIgA were increasingly tested, while the rate of positive results decreased in recent years, possibly reflecting the impact of current alimentary trends on clinical practice. Associated autoimmune disease was frequently found in CD. High levels of tTGIgA accurately predicted CD diagnosis. WA was rarely investigated and deserves more attention, in particular in children with atopic background. WA does not seem to be associated with CD.Int Arch Allergy Immunol
Source: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Substitution of parenteral thiamine in individuals with suspected WE is a well-established treatment regimen. However, suggestions according to guidelines vary widely. Furthermore, hardly any evidence-based recommendations exist on a more general use of thiamine as a preventative intervention in individuals with AUD. Further research is of utmost importance to raise awareness for this potentially undervalued problem.Eur Addict Res 2019;25:103 –110
Source: European Addiction Research - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
Authors: Lamain-de Ruiter M, Kwee A, Naaktgeboren CA, Louhanepessy RD, De Groot I, Evers IM, Groenendaal F, Hering YR, Huisjes AJM, Kirpestein C, Monincx WM, Schielen PCJI, Van 't Zelfde A, Van Oirschot CM, Vankan-Buitelaar SA, Vonk MAAW, Wiegers TA, Zwart JJ, Moons KGM, Franx A, Koster MPH Abstract OBJECTIVE: To perform an external validation of all published prognostic models for first-trimester prediction of the risk of developing preeclampsia (PE). METHODS: Women
Source: Hypertension in Pregnancy - Category: OBGYN Tags: Hypertens Pregnancy Source Type: research
This study demonstrates a simple one-pot green method for biosynthesis of terpenoids encapsulated copper oxide nanoparticles (CuONPs) using aqueous leaf extract of Eucalyptus globulus (ELE), as reducing, dispersing, and stabilizing agent. Indeed, the greater attachment and internalization of ELE-CuONPs in Gram-positive and -negative biofilm producing clinical bacterial isolates validated the hypothesis that terpenoids encapsulated CuONPs are more stable and effective antibacterial and antibiofilm agent vis-à-vis commercially available nano and micro sized analogues. Gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC–MS)...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
In this study, several cerasome-forming lipoamino acids (CFLA) were synthesized and used as structural blocks for cerasome preparation. Pure cerasomes which contained only CFLA, and mixed cerasomes based on a mixture of CFLA with a disintegrating dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) lipid were fabricated and characterized in terms of morphology, mean size, ζ-potential, stability at storage. All obtained cerasome samples were found to be much more stable at storage than conventional liposomes (120 and 10 days, respectively). The cerasomes were loaded with doxorubicin (DOX) and tested in vitro using human breast aden...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 March 2019Source: Journal of Membrane ScienceAuthor(s): Javad Farahbakhsh, Mohammad Delnavaz, Vahid VatanpourAbstractInitially, new nanocomposite reverse osmosis (RO) membranes containing polypyrrole (PPy) coated on multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were synthesized. Then, the synthesized membranes were prepared to model flux measurements using artificial neural networks (ANNs). Raw and oxidized MWCNTs were coated with the polypyrrole and then various amounts of them were mixed in m-phenylene diamine solution to prepare polyamide RO membranes using the interfacial polymerization me...
Source: Journal of Membrane Science - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Peripheral neuropathies are the most frequent neurological complications associated with HIV, within which HIV sensory neuropathy (SN) is the most common form, which affects 30-50% of HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients. HIV SN is frequently manifested with hard-to-manage pain and is often under-diagnosed and/or under-treated. Tat, trans-activator of transcription, is a key activator of HIV transcription. Despite that recent studies have highlighted the role of HIV Tat in the pathophysiology of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HANDs), the involvement of HIV Tat in neuropathic pain associated with...
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Source Type: research
Recent studies have indicated that the spinal activity of gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) and its receptor, GRPR, selectively modulate itching behaviors over other somatosensations including pain behaviors. Despite behavioral selectivity, how GRP acts within the spinal cord to selectively convey itch to the brain is not understood. Utilizing a novel ex vivo somatosensory preparation, retrograde labeling of spinal projection neurons, and multiphoton Ca2+ imaging, the activity of excitatory interneurons and projection neurons in the ex vivo spinal cord can be recorded in response to natural stimulation of the skin and pharma...
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Source Type: research
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