The Controlling Nutritional Status Score Serves as a Predictor of Short- and Long-Term Outcomes for Patients with Stage 2 or 3 Gastric Cancer: Analysis of a Multi-institutional Data Set

This study aimed to evaluate the predictive value of the preoperative Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) score, which comprehensively reflects protein and lipid metabolism as well as the immunocompetence among patients with stage 2 or 3 gastric cancer.MethodsFrom a retrospective database of 3484 patients who underwent gastrectomy for gastric cancer at nine Japanese institutions between 2010 and 2014, data for 626 patients with stage 2 or 3 cancer were retrieved. The study evaluated the significance of the associations between the optimal CONUT score cutoff values with the prognosis and the incidence of postoperative complications.ResultsThe study determined that 2 was the optimal CONUT score cutoff value for predicting mortality 2  years after surgery. The patients with a CONUT score of 2 or higher (CONUT-high group) were significantly older and had a worse Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status, lower body mass index, and more advanced tumor-node-metastasis stage than the patients with a CONUT score lower tha n 2 (CONUT-low group). Overall, the survival time was significantly shorter in the CONUT-high group than in the CONUT-low group [hazard ratio (HR) 1.97;P 
Source: Annals of Surgical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Readmission within 30 days after esophagectomy was determined to be related to postoperative anastomotic leakage and wound problems whereas the vocal cord palsy was not. PMID: 31903259 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Postoperative complications after resection of oesophagogastric carcinoma can result in considerable early morbidity and mortality. However, the long-term effects on survival are less clear. METHODS: All patients undergoing intentionally curative resection for oesophageal or gastric cancer between 2006 and 2016 were selected from an institutional database. Patients were categorized by complication severity according to the Clavien-Dindo classification (grades 0-V). Complications were defined according to an international consensus statement. The effect of leak and severe non-leak-related ...
Source: The British Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Br J Surg Source Type: research
AbstractThe Japanese guideline for gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumor treatment recommends everolimus or sunitinib as first-line treatment for unresectable pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs). Streptozocin (STZ) is recommended as an alternative. We encountered a patient with PNET who had multiple liver metastases and who showed a remarkable response to third-line STZ. The patient was a 50-year-old man with a pancreatic head tumor 32  mm in diameter. We planned to perform subtotal stomach-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy, but abandoned resecting the pancreas during the surgery upon discovering a small l...
Source: International Cancer Conference Journal - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Abstract In addition to the complications of leprosy, people affected by leprosy (PALs) can suffer from chronic diseases. We evaluated the recent pattern of deaths among Korean PALs and compared it with that in the general population. We analyzed the death certificate data of 1,359 PALs from 2010 through 2013. The all-cause and cause-specific standardized mortality ratio (SMR) and standardized mortality with 95% CI were calculated. Malignancy had the highest standardized mortality, with 130.9 deaths per 100,000 persons, followed by cardiovascular diseases (CVDs; 85.5 deaths) and respiratory diseases (38.2 deaths)....
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research
ConclusionOur results show that fluoroscopic-guided NGT placement is a highly safe and effective procedure for patients with advanced HNC requiring enteral feeding.
Source: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Our results show that fluoroscopic-guided NGT placement is a highly safe and effective procedure for patients with advanced HNC requiring enteral feeding. PMID: 31759750 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research
AbstractA strong relationship exists between tumor and inflammation, which is the hot point in cancer research. Inflammation can promote the occurrence and development of cancer by promoting blood vessel growth, cancer cell proliferation, and tumor invasiveness, negatively regulating immune response, and changing the efficacy of certain anti-tumor drugs. It has been demonstrated that there are a large number of inflammatory factors and inflammatory cells in the tumor microenvironment, and tumor-promoting immunity and anti-tumor immunity exist simultaneously in the tumor microenvironment. The typical relationship between ch...
Source: EPMA Journal - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of early oral feeding (EOF) for patients with gastric cancer after radical gastrectomy. The EOF protocol was implemented in 397 patients who underwent radical gastrectomy between 2005 and 2014 at our hospital. The protocol was common in 277 patients after distal gastrectomy (DG) and 120 patients after total gastrectomy (TG). The patients were scheduled to start drinking water in the morning of the first postoperative day and to start thin rice gruel with a liquid nutrition supplement on the second postoperative day. We analyzed the incidence of postoperative complicat...
Source: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundElderly patients with gastric cancer are frequently treated surgically in current clinical practice. Although several studies have investigated short-term outcomes after gastrectomy in elderly patients, most did not evaluate long-term outcomes.MethodsWe analyzed 1154 consecutive patients who underwent curative gastrectomy for gastric cancer between 2001 and 2013. We classified them into two groups: the elderly group (n = 241), consisting of patients aged ≥75 years, and the non-elderly group (n = 913), consisting of patients aged
Source: World Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionSurgical improvement programs should focus on preventing or managing anastomotic leakage and pulmonary complications, since these complications have the greatest overall impact on clinical outcomes after gastrectomy.
Source: Gastric Cancer - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
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