MRI offers view of liver fat loss in obese patients

Getting an MRI scan won't help you lose weight, but the modality can be useful...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Appetite controls disrupted in obese teens' brains fMRI shows how walnuts influence hunger SIR: Bariatric embolization can beat obesity MRI monitors fat for bariatric surgery MR shows more body fat in babies with diabetic mothers
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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The objective of the present study was to investigate the association between T2D duration and the chance of achieving remission of T2D after bariatric surgery. Methods and findingsWe conducted a nationwide register-based cohort study including all adult patients with T2D and BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2 who received primary bariatric surgery in Sweden between 2007 and 2015 identified through the Scandinavian Obesity Surgery Registry. The main outcome was remission of T2D, defined as being free from diabetes medication or as complete remission (HbA1c
Source: PLoS Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is tied to the rise in obesity and type 2 diabetes. Bariatric endoscopic interventions may provide an option to treat patients but there is scant data at present evaluating the effects on liver disease and diabetes.
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionA high-level of suspicion is required to suspect, diagnose and treat post-RYGB complications. A bariatric on-call rota with appropriately trained personnel is essential.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Conclusionclinicians should be aware of such condition in patients with history of bariatric surgery who present with long-standing, intermittent abdominal pain.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Leak at the gastrojejunostomy (GJ) after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is a rare but life-threatening complication. OBJECTIVES: To assess incidence, risk factors, treatment, and outcome of leaks at the GJ after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in a nationwide cohort. SETTING: Sweden. METHODS: Leaks at GJ within 30 days postoperatively in 40,844 patients (age 41 yr, females 76%, and body mass index of 42.4 kg/m2) between 2007 and 2014 in the Scandinavian Obesity Surgery Registry were assessed. Register data and outcomes were verified by reviewing patient charts. Logistic regression was done t...
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases : official journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Surg Obes Relat Dis Source Type: research
Bianca Cox1†, Maria Tsamou1†, Karen Vrijens1, Kristof Y. Neven1, Ellen Winckelmans1, Theo M. de Kok2, Michelle Plusquin1 and Tim S. Nawrot1,3* 1Center for Environmental Sciences, Hasselt University, Hasselt, Belgium 2Department of Toxicogenomics, Maastricht University, Maastricht, Netherlands 3Department of Public Health, Environment and Health Unit, Leuven University (KU Leuven), Leuven, Belgium Maternal body mass index (BMI) before pregnancy is known to affect both fetal growth and later-life health of the newborn, yet the implicated molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. As the master reg...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusion Taken together, evidence from animal and human studies demonstrates that the brain detects levels of circulating nutrients and hormones and consequently organizes an outward response that contributes to the regulation of whole-body glucose homeostasis. However, there are major knowledge gaps about the exact nature of this response and its relative importance compared to peripheral processes. As we have seen, animal studies have provided an anatomical map of CNS glucose regulation and have identified important neurons and neural circuits involved. Additionally, the CNS sensing of key nutrients and hormones has b...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
This study included 111 eyes from 36 obese patients (86% female, body mass index>  35 kg/m2) scheduled to bariatric surgery and 20 non-obese (body mass index
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Mechanisms of metabolic improvement after bariatric surgery remain incompletely understood. Intestinal glucose uptake is increased after gastric bypass in rodents, potentially contributing to reduced blood glucose and type 2 diabetes remission. OBJECTIVE: We assessed whether intestinal glucose uptake is increased in humans after gastric surgery. SETTING: University Hospital, United States. METHODS: In a retrospective, case-control cohort study, positron emission tomography-computerized tomography scans performed for clinical indications were analyzed to quantify intestinal gluco...
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases : official journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Surg Obes Relat Dis Source Type: research
Purpose Bariatric surgery is considered as an effective therapeutic strategy for weight loss in severe obesity. Remission of type 2 diabetes is often achieved after the surgery. We investigated whether increase in self-reported habitual physical activity associates with improved skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity and reduction of fat depots after bariatric surgery. Methods We assessed self-reported habitual physical activity using Baecke questionnaire in 18 diabetic and 28 nondiabetic patients with morbid obesity (median age, 46 yr; body mass index, 42.0 kg·m−2) before and 6 months after bariatric surger...
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: CLINICAL SCIENCES Source Type: research
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