Image-based screening.

[Image-based screening]. Radiologe. 2018 Dec 14;: Authors: Layer G Abstract Screening is a special issue in medical questions concerning disease prevention. Preconditions for screening are clearly defined by the World Health Organization. High prevalence, effectiveness of therapy, availability of accepted test procedure and consensus concerning the economic concerns are necessary for successful implementation of a screening program. Preventive diagnostic studies can only be understood if one is familiar with the statistical terms sensitivity, specificity, prevalence, incidence and bias (especially overdiagnosis and lead time bias). Aspects of radiation protection are especially important in asymptomatic volunteers. The new radiation protection law in Germany also gives the opportunity to define new screening procedures even with use of radiation exposure in individual prevention programs. Potential diseases for radiological secondary prevention with high mortality are malignant tumors (especially breast cancer, lung cancer, colorectal cancer) and cardiovascular diseases (coronary heart disease, stroke or aortic aneurysm). PMID: 30552485 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Der Radiologe - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Christian Radmayr
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionIndiana pouch is a successful continence urinary reservoir with a reproductible technique, however long-term observation is needed.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionDirect-to-implant IBR after skin-sparing mastectomy is a viable option for breast cancer patients undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy.ResumenIntroducciónLa reconstrucción inmediata (RMI) tras mastectomía en pacientes que han recibido quimioterapia neoadyuvante (QTNA) sigue siendo controvertida. El objetivo de este estudio es analizar y comparar resultados oncológicos y las tasas de complicaciones y reintervención en pacientes sometidas a QTNA y un grupo control.MétodosAnálisis observacional retrospectivo de casos-controles. Pacientes con cáncer de mama inter...
Source: Cirugia Espanola - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Resumo O aneurisma de art éria poplítea (AAP) é o mais frequente dos aneurismas periféricos, correspondendo a 85% do total de aneurismas. Normalmente, são assintomáticos, e o diagnóstico, em geral, é feito por meio do exame físico, tendo uma maior incidência no sexo masculino e em idosos. São bilaterais em 50% dos casos e, em 60% das vezes, estão associados a aneurisma de aorta abdominal. Apresentamos um paciente do sexo masculino com 72 anos de idade, com duas massas pulsáteis em ambas as regiões poplíteas, assintom&aac...
Source: Jornal Vascular Brasileiro - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to investigate the potential mechanism of PRSS3 dysregulation in PC. In this research, low miR-217 and high circ-ADAM9 expression were found in PC tissues and cell lines, which was closely associated with advanced clinical stage and lymph node metastasis. Patients with low miR-217 or high circ-ADAM9 expression had shorter survival time than those with high miR-217 or low circ-ADAM9 expression. Functionally, manipulation of miR-217 and circ-ADAM9 expression showed opposite effects on cell proliferation, migration and invasion. Stepwise mechanism studies indicated that circ-ADAM9 alleviated the inhibi...
Source: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Tags: Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation MedicineAuthor(s): I Laffont, J Froger, C Jourdan, K Bakhti, LEH Van Dokkum, A Gouaich, HY Bonnin, P Armingaud, A Jaussent, MC Picot, E Le Bars, A Dupeyron, C Arquizan, A Gelis, D MottetAbstractBackground. Few rehabilitation methods have proven their efficacy in increasing sensori-motor recovery and/or function of the upper limb (UL) after stroke. Video games (VGs) are promising tools in this indication.Objective. To compare UL rehabilitation by using VGs and conventional rehabilitation (CR) in patients with sub-acute stroke.Des...
Source: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: NeuropsychologiaAuthor(s): Fang Wang, Urs MaurerAbstractHow and when top-down information modulates visual-orthographic processing is an essential question in reading research. In a previous study, we showed that task modulation of print-tuning started at around 170 ms after stimulus presentation in the N1 offset of the ERP, while the N1 onset was yet unaffected. Here we test how prior category-level expectation affects visual-orthographic processing. Familiar, left/right-structured Chinese characters and stroke number matched, unfamiliar Korean characters were pr...
Source: Neuropsychologia - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
BOSTON (CBS) — According to a new study published in the journal Cancer, even light to moderate alcohol intake has been linked to a higher risk of cancer. Researchers at the University of Tokyo and the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health looked at data on over 60,000 cancer patients in Japan. They found drinking as little as one drink a day for 10 years or two drinks a year for five years, was associated would increase overall cancer risk by five percent, such as cancers of the colon, stomach, breast, prostate, and esophagus. Cancer risk was lowest with no alcohol consumption.
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Boston News Health Healthwatch Seen On WBZ-TV Syndicated Local Cancer Dr. Mallika Marshall Drinking Source Type: news
Cancer immunology drugs, which harness the body ’s immune system to better attack cancer cells, have significantly changed the face of cancer treatment. People with aggressive cancers are now living longer, healthier lives. Unfortunately, cancer immunology therapy only works in a subset of patients.Now, a new study from scientists at the UCLA Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center helps explain why some people with advanced cancer may not respond to one of the leading immunotherapies, PD-1 blockade, and how a new combination approach may help overcome resistance to the immunotherapy drug.TheUCLA study, published today i...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
' I think that it's important that the operating room be a happy place, even a joyous place, because this is an opportunity to kick cancer's butt and give people back their lives. 'Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Hematology-Oncology News Source Type: news
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