The Critical Role EMS Plays in Fighting the Flu

Influenza has been impacting public health on a global scale since the beginning of recorded history. Influenza, also known as the “flu,” has numerous organizations committed to public health research, developing vaccines, and educating on best practices to prepare for the upcoming flu season. By gaining an understanding of the flu through history, virology, and how it impacts our society, we can have a better appreciation for the commitment that’s involved with combating the flu. What Is Influenza (and What’s Not)? The eyes of an epidemiologist can twitch for a variety of reasons, one of them being when someone says they have the “stomach flu.” In reality, influenza is an acute respiratory disease caused by the influenza virus. Symptoms usually include fever, a non-productive cough, headache, sore throat, muscle aches, and fatigue.1 The “stomach flu” is most likely gastroenteritis, commonly caused by the norovirus; a virus which causes symptoms such as cramping, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea and is also highly contagious.1 The U.S. sees about 20 million norovirus-related illnesses each year.2 Alternatively, another similar ailment during flu season is the garden-variety common cold. Although both the flu and cold are respiratory illnesses, the flu usually has more severe and sudden onset of symptoms while the common cold usually includes a gradual onset of symptoms such as sneezing, head congestion and a sore throat. Self-diag...
Source: JEMS Special Topics - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Exclusive Articles Operations Source Type: news

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Authors: Silva MAFS, Dechichi P, Limirio PHJO Abstract Childhood obesity is a considerable worldwide health problem and a major risk factor for several chronic diseases. Fat rich diets result in altered serum levels of lipids, cytokines and hormonal factors, which influence skeletal acquisition and promote microstructural and mechanical behavior changes in bone, especially to bone quality and quantity. However, the possible longterm implications of high-fat diets in childhood are controversial. Despite not fully understood, multiple signaling pathways which support bone tissue homeostasis are altered under hyperlip...
Source: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Pediatr Endocrinol Rev Source Type: research
Authors: Scheffer-Rath ME, Boot AM Abstract Vitamin D is important for skeletal growth, bone mineralization and dental health. Vitamin D deficiency is reported in many countries, may have several causes and can cause rickets in children. A guideline with recommendations of vitamin D supplementation to prevent nutritional rickets was published recently. The vitamin D receptor is present in many cells of the body including cells of the immune system. Many studies have been published on associations between vitamin D deficiency and extra skeletal effects, mainly without proof of causality in intervention studies. This...
Source: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Pediatr Endocrinol Rev Source Type: research
Authors: Blumenfeld O, Hampe CS, Shulman L, Chen R, Laron Z Abstract Recent epidemiological surveys performed in Australia, USA and Israel demonstrate that Rotavirus vaccination correlates with an attenuated prevalence and/or incidence of early childhood diabetes (T1D). Other studies failed to confirm the above. PMID: 32780950 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Pediatr Endocrinol Rev Source Type: research
The turmoil and devastating destruction of World War II had also ruined dermatology across Europe. In contrast, the Society of Investigative Dermatology (SID; founded in 1937) in the United States functioned successfully and soon became a role model for the leaders of dermatology departments in  various European countries. Our former teachers in dermatology succeeded in overcoming the prejudice and animosity in the western world. This outcome was the conception of the founding fathers (there was no founding lady in the initial group) of the European Society for Dermatological Research (ES DR).
Source: Journal of Investigative Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Personal Views & Reflections Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 August 2020Source: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial ResearchAuthor(s): Alekhya Kanaparthi, Divya Dukkireddy, Hema Gopalaiah, Kesary Satya Prakash Reddy, Tejaswi Katne, Ramlal Gantala
Source: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Authors: Vibhatavata P, Pisarnturakit P, Boonsripitayanon M, Pithuksurachai P, Plengvidhya N, Sirinvaravong S Abstract Postoperative hypoparathyroidism is a common complication of total or completion thyroidectomy. The association between preoperative vitamin D deficiency (VDD) and the development of more severe postoperative hypocalcemia is still unclear. Objectives. To evaluate the effect of preoperative VDD on severity of hypocalcemia in patients with hypoparathyroidism following thyroidectomy. Methods. Patients who developed acute hypoparathyroidism after total or completion thyroidectomy, defined as postoperat...
Source: International Journal of Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Int J Endocrinol Source Type: research
Authors: Meo SA, Abukhalaf AA, Alomar AA, Al-Beeshi IZ, Alhowikan A, Shafi KM, Meo AS, Usmani AM, Akram J Abstract OBJECTIVE: The COVID-19 pandemic has caused a global public health crisis with social, psychological and long-lasting economical damages. Weather-related dynamics have an impact on the pattern of human health and disease. The present study aimed to investigate the impact of heat and humidity on daily basis incidence and mortality due to COVID-19 pandemic in ten of the world's hottest countries compared to ten of the coldest ones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Worldwide, we selected 20 countries; 10 hottes...
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The study does not seem to exclude that the lethality of COVID-19 may be climate sensitive. Future studies will have to confirm these clues, due to potential confounding factors, such as pollution, population age, and exposure to malaria. PMID: 32767354 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
Authors: Ren HW, Wu Y, Dong JH, An WM, Yan T, Liu Y, Liu CC Abstract OBJECTIVE: To explore the CT imaging features/signs of patients with different clinical types of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) via the application of artificial intelligence (AI), thus improving the understanding of COVID-19. PANTIENTS AND METHODS: Clinical data and chest CT imaging features of 58 patients confirmed with COVID-19 in the Fifth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. According to the Guidelines on Novel Coronavirus-Infected Pneumonia Diagnosis and Treatment (Provisional 6th Edition), COVID-19 ...
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Rapid hospital reengineering has probably had an impact on the management of patients with and without SARS-CoV-2 infection, and on in-hospital mortality rates over the reporting period. PMID: 32767350 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
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