Sudden death in patients with serious mental illness.

CONCLUSIONS: The most common cause of sudden death was suicide, which was overwhelmingly the leading cause of sudden death in patients discharged or lost to follow up. The most potent predisposing factor appeared to be drug and alcohol problems. Mental health services should therefore advocate for comprehensive and evidence-based alcohol and drug policies, including access and availability to treatment programmes. PMID: 30543613 [PubMed - in process]
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research

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ConclusionsThis study provides novel evidence linking neuroendocrine pathways to particular domains of QoL in MDD. The results indicate that activity of the hypothalamic –pituitary–adrenal axis is linked to poor psychological QoL, and that oxytocin is important to social QoL, independently of severity of psychopathology. Biopsychosocial approaches to QoL associated with mental health conditions may lead to greater understanding of the underlying mechanisms and t o improved, tailored interventions.
Source: Quality of Life Research - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
ConclusionsSTAI-S and HADS-A reflect a common anxiety attribute, but using the recommended cutoff scores on the respective measures show very different prevalence rates and would classify patients as anxious with the STAI-S who would not be identified as such with the HADS-A. Clinicians and researchers should be aware of the inequivalence when using these measures for screening and determining the prevalence of probable clinical anxiety levels.
Source: Quality of Life Research - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to examine the association between insufficient sleep and suicidal ideation among adolescents. Data for this study came from the 2017 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System. A sample of 13,659 adolescents aged 14-18 years (...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
As American school districts become increasingly diverse, understanding the processes that promote positive intergroup relations is a critical task. The role of cross-ethnic friendships is one important factor, given the significance of these reciprocated ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Among adolescents at high suicide risk, using a daily diary design, this study examined: (1) the co-occurrence between nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidal ideation, (2) the link between NSSI and coping, and (3) endorsement of using NSSI to cope wit...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Research has shown that the experience of Childhood Sexual Abuse (CSA) can increase the rates of physical and emotional sequela, including depression, anxiety, PTSD, and physical pain. However, little is known about the healing journeys for those women who...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
This study identifies patterns of alcohol consumption in youth and investigates how these patterns vary across schools and whether individual- a...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Over the last 10 years, the rate of adolescents ages 15 to 19 committing suicide in the United States increased drastically, with an overall rate of 6.7 suicides per 100  000 per year in 2007 and a rate of 11.8 per 100 000 per year in 2017.1 The rat...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
According to the latest numbers, roughly 9 million Americans — 4% of U.S. adults — use prescription sleep aids, or medications that can help with insomnia and other sleep issues. And now, some of the most popular prescription sleep drugs must carry stronger safety warnings. In April, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) mandated black-box warnings — which the agency uses to “call attention to serious or life-threatening risks” — on three sedative-hypnotic sleep aids: eszopiclone (often sold under the brand name Lunesta), zaleplon (Sonata) and zolpidem (Ambien). Hypnotic drugs, which ar...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Drugs Source Type: news
Suicide, as a self-harming behavior, is an important cause of death around the world [1]. It was the 15th leading cause of death for all ages (1.4% of all deaths) worldwide in 2012, accounting for over 800,000 estimated deaths [2]. The age standardized rate of suicide was 11.4 per 100,000 and 80% of global suicide occurs in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) [3]. There are several methods of committing suicide, including poisoning, hanging, drug or alcohol overdose, gun shot, exsanguination, jumping, suffocation and carbon monoxide inhalation.
Source: Burns : Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
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