Science Saturday: Finding the right drug, dose for cancer therapy through pharmacogenomics

Each year, nearly 300,000 patients receive the lifesaving chemotherapy 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) to treat many types of cancer, including colorectal, breast, bowel, skin, pancreatic, and esophageal cancer. While it can be an effective treatment, it doesn?t work for everyone. In fact, up to 30 percent of those who receive the standard dose can have serious, life-threatening [...]
Source: News from Mayo Clinic - Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: news

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ConclusionLong-term survival was improved at higher volume hospitals for some GI cancers (colon, esophagus, pancreas, rectum), but not for others (stomach, liver, bile ducts, small bowel).
Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology (EJSO) - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to investigate the prognostic significance of glycolysis-related proteins.Materials and methodsWe searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, using Pubmed and Ovid as search engines and Google Scholar from inception to April 2017. Eighty-six studies with 12,002 patients were included in the study.ResultsOur pooled results identified that glycolysis-related proteins in cancers were associated with shorter overall survival of colorectal cancer (HR 2.33, 95% CI 1.38 –3.93,P = 0.002), gastric cancer (HR 1....
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to investigate the prognostic significance of glycolysis-related proteins. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, using Pubmed and Ovid as search engines and Google Scholar from inception to April 2017. Eighty-six studies with 12,002 patients were included in the study. RESULTS: Our pooled results identified that glycolysis-related proteins in cancers were associated with shorter overall survival of colorectal cancer (HR 2.33, 95% CI 1.38-3.93, P = 0.002), gastric can...
Source: Clinical Breast Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: J Cancer Res Clin Oncol Source Type: research
Conclusion.In this cohort of patients with GI cancer with brain metastases, HER2+ status was more common intracranially compared with prior sites of disease. These findings suggest that testing HER2 in patients with GI cancer with brain metastases may lead to additional therapeutic options, regardless of HER2 status in previously examined tissue.Implications for Practice.HER2 amplification is a well‐known driver of oncogenesis in breast cancer, with associated increased risk of brain metastases and response to HER2‐directed therapy. In nongastric gastrointestinal (GI) cancers, HER2 amplification is not common and conse...
Source: The Oncologist - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Precision Medicine, Cancer Diagnostics and Molecular Pathology, Gastrointestinal Cancer Source Type: research
Authors: Wang C, Zhang Q, Hu Y, Zhu J, Yang J Abstract Digestive system malignancies are the most common cancer types worldwide and exhibit an extremely low overall 5-year survival rate. Therefore, clinically applicable biomarkers for predicting clinical outcome are urgently required. Metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) is abnormally expressed in several cancer types. However, to the best of our knowledge, the association between MALAT1 expression and the prognosis of digestive system malignancies remains unknown. Therefore, the current study performed a meta-analysis to comprehensively ...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
TSPAN1 upregulates MMP2 to promote pancreatic cancer cell migration and invasion via PLCγ. Oncol Rep. 2019 Jan 30;: Authors: Zhang X, Shi G, Gao F, Liu P, Wang H, Tan X Abstract Pancreatic cancer (PC), a malignancy of the digestive system, has one of the highest rates of metastasis and mortality. It is characterized by the detachment, migration, implantation and infiltration of tumor cells to form metastases or recurrent foci. Tetraspanin 1 (TSPAN1), a novel member of the TSPAN superfamily, is highly expressed in many types of cancer, including gastric, colon, liver and esophageal cancer. It has ...
Source: Oncology Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Rep Source Type: research
According to a recent report by the World Health Organization, cancer is the second leading cause of death after cardiovascular disease and was responsible for 8.8 million deaths in 2015. Early detection, such as the ability to detect precancerous lesions, plays an important role in reducing cancer incidence and related mortality  (Torre et al., 2016). Optical endomicroscopy, based for example on confocal microscopy, optical coherence tomography or spectroscopy, has the ability to perform optical biopsies and identify early pathology in tissues or organs including the colon, oesophagus, pancreas, brain, liver and...
Source: Medical Image Analysis - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
Purpose of review Alcohol is a type I carcinogen and the WHO stated that it caused 5% of all deaths in 2016, of which 13% because of cancers. Among digestive tract cancers, this association is clear for esophageal, liver and colorectal cancer, and more debated for gastric and pancreatic cancer. The present review will revise recent evidence on epidemiologic association and mechanisms linking alcohol with the risk of esophageal, gastric, colorectal and pancreatic cancers. Recent findings Moderate alcohol intake increases the risk of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and colorectal cancer. Heavy alcohol intake is assoc...
Source: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: NUTRITION: Edited by Eamonn M.M. Quigley Source Type: research
This study aimed to explore whether a correlation exists between the incidence and mortality of cancers and normalized internet search volumes on the big data platform, Baidu. We also assessed whether the distribution of people who searched for specific types of cancer differed by gender. Finally, we determined whether there were regional disparities among people who searched the Web for cancer-related information. Methods: Standard Boolean operators were used to choose search terms for each type of cancer. Spearman’s correlation analysis was used to explore correlations among monthly search index values for each can...
Source: Journal of Medical Internet Research - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Olsen I, Yilmaz Ö Abstract There is increasing evidence for an association between periodontitis/tooth loss and oral, gastrointestinal, and pancreatic cancers. Periodontal disease, which is characterized by chronic inflammation and microbial dysbiosis, is a significant risk factor for orodigestive carcinogenesis. Porphyromonas gingivalis is proposed as a keystone pathogen in chronic periodontitis causing both dysbiosis and discordant immune response. The present review focuses on the growing recognition of a relationship between P. gingivalis and orodigestive cancers. Porphyromonas gingivalis has been...
Source: Journal of Oral Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Tags: J Oral Microbiol Source Type: research
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