Problematic Eating Behaviors after Bariatric Surgery: A National Study with a Portuguese Sample.

CONCLUSION: Given the established evidence that supports its impact on weight variability, early identification of problematic eating behaviours and of patients with a tendency to act impulsively in situations of negative emotionality should be a central concern in the follow-up of the bariatric population. PMID: 30521456 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Medica Portuguesa - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Med Port Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 10 August 2019Source: Obesity Research &Clinical PracticeAuthor(s): Sanjeev Sockalingam, Samantha E. Leung, Raed Hawa, Susan Wnuk, Sagar V. Parikh, Timothy Jackson, Stephanie E. CassinAbstractObjectiveAlthough bariatric surgery is a durable treatment for patients with severe obesity, it does not directly address behavioural and psychological factors that potentially contribute to weight regain post-surgery. Psychological interventions, such as cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), can be challenging to access due to physical limitations and practical barriers. Telephone-based CBT (Tele...
Source: Obesity Research and Clinical Practice - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research
ConclusionsAvoidance coping and depressive symptoms emerged as key variables in understanding recent disordered eating among patients considering bariatric surgery. Pre-surgical psychological evaluations and treatment approaches could be enhanced with consideration of patient coping strategies, particularly avoidant coping responses to stress, independent of psychological distress.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
gin C Abstract Food addiction (FA) has recently emerged as a new field in the study of obesity. Previous studies have contributed to identifying psychological correlates of FA. However, few researchers have examined the cognitive profile related to this condition; up until now, attentional biases related to food cues and a poorer performance monitoring have been observed. The present study aimed to examine the psychological profile and executive functioning related to FA in individuals with severe obesity and awaiting bariatric surgery. Participants (N = 86) were split into two groups, according to t...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research
ConclusionsPatients who endorsed higher levels of pre-surgical emotional eating and food addiction symptoms had poorer weight loss 1  year post-surgery. Providers should consider screening patients for these behaviors during the pre-surgical psychosocial evaluation which would allow opportunities for psychotherapy and potential improvement in weight loss outcomes. Future research should examine which interventions are successful at improving problematic eating behaviors.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
This study investigated psychological correlates and their influence on weight loss for patients who underwent RYGB or VSG.MethodsFour hundred twenty-two patients (RYGB  = 305; VSG = 117) completed screening questionnaires presurgery and underwent surgery between August 2012 and April 2015. Associations between demographics and questionnaires with percentage weight change were evaluated using multivariable linear regression models.ResultsMedian age was 48  years and median BMI 45.3 kg/m2 presurgery. Median percentage changes in weight from baseline to years 1 and 2 follow-up were −&thins...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
This study aims to provide a holistic evaluation of the effects from weight loss interventions for individuals with obesity by examining the physiological, psychological and eating disorders outcomes from these interventions.MethodsDatabases Medline, PsycInfo and Cochrane Library (2011 –2016) were searched for randomised controlled trials and systematic reviews of obesity treatments (dietary, exercise, behavioural, psychological, pharmacological or surgical). Data extracted included study features, risk of bias, study outcomes, and an assessment of treatment impacts on physical, psychological or eating disorder outco...
Source: Journal of Eating Disorders - Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Source Type: research
ConclusionsThese preliminary results suggest that post-surgery Tele-CBT is feasible and can improve post-surgery symptoms of psychopathology in this uncontrolled study, supporting the need for a randomized controlled trial.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Psychosocial interventions can improve eating behaviours and psychosocial functioning in bariatric surgery candidates. However, those that involve face-to-face sessions are problematic for individuals with severe obesity due to mobility issues and practical barriers. OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of a pre-operative telephone-based cognitive behavioural therapy (Tele-CBT) intervention versus standard pre-operative care for improving eating psychopathology and psychosocial functioning. METHODS: Preoperative bariatric surgery patients (N = 47) were randomly assigned to re...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Behav Res Ther Source Type: research
Mental health conditions, such as depression and binge eating disorder, may be twice as common among bariatric surgery patients compared to the general U.S. population, with nearly 25 percent suffering from a mood disorder and nearly 20 percent being diagnosed with a binge eating disorder prior to the procedure, a UCLA-led study suggests. While bariatric surgery is an accepted method of promoting weight loss in severely obese individuals, the prevalence of these conditions among people seeking the procedure and whether they are associated with postoperative outcomes has not been known. For a study appearing in the Jan...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: The new, less restrictive diagnostic criteria for BED of the DSM-5 are useful in identifying obese patients affected by severe psychopathology and dysfunctional eating habits. PMID: 26373854 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Authors: Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research
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