Primary extragonadal seminoma arising from the pelvis: A case report

ConclusionThis is a unique case because to the best of our knowledge, only a few cases have been reported in the literature on EGCT (seminoma in present case) presenting as a pelvic mass. Seminoma in true pelvis should be considered as a differential diagnosis when pelvic mass is detected, even in post orchidectomy cases. Tumor markers, histology, and immunohistochemistry examinations are important in making an accurate diagnosis and providing appropriate treatment.
Source: African Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

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Rationale: Primary retroperitoneal germ cell tumors are uncommon and especially rare in female patients. However, this type should be included in the differential diagnosis of retroperitoneal tumors that may metastasize from the gonads and be a primary tumor. Patient concerns: An abdominal mass was detected in a 38-year-old woman during physical examination, which was accompanied by left renal obstructive hydrops. She was admitted to our institution for further investigation. The patient had no obvious clinical symptoms, and the levels of serum tumor markers did not signifificantly increase. Abdominal noncontrast enha...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Purpose of review Early-stage testicular cancers are highly curable. Following orchidectomy, management options for stage I disease include active surveillance, nerve-sparing retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (nsRPLND) and primary chemotherapy as recommended by the current guidelines. Primary RPLND has for decades played an integral part of treatment in patients with early-stage testicular germ cell tumors (TGCT), particularly in nonseminomatous germ cell tumors (NSGCT) with focus on reducing the long-term morbidity. We review the role of RPLND in stage I NSCGT as well as stage II A/B NSGCT and as seminoma. Recent f...
Source: Current Opinion in Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: PENIS CANCER: Edited by Oscar R. Brouwer and Daher C. Chade Source Type: research
Purpose of review miRNAs 371 and 302/367 clusters are abundantly secreted in the blood of patients with active germ cell malignancy (aGCM), both seminoma and nonseminoma. The serum concentration of those micro-RNAs correlates with tumor burden and to the activity of specific treatments; therefore, representing attractive biomarkers for the diagnosis and follow-up of patients with germ cell tumors. This review summarizes the most relevant evidence supporting their clinical validity in germ cell tumors. Recent findings Several retrospective studies have reported high sensitivity and specificity of those micro-RNAs in id...
Source: Current Opinion in Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: PENIS CANCER: Edited by Oscar R. Brouwer and Daher C. Chade Source Type: research
Conclusions KLHL11-abs associate with a spectrum of syndromes and tumors wider than those previously reported; 44% of patients have concurrent neuronal antibodies, some of them (anti-NMDAR) pathogenically relevant. Brain immunostaining is not useful for routine screening of KLHL11-abs.
Source: Neurology Neuroimmunology and Neuroinflammation - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Autoimmune diseases, All Clinical Neurology, Paraneoplastic syndrome Article Source Type: research
Conclusions: NLR appears to be a useful marker for TGCT. It is successful in predicting localized and non-localized disease in early postoperative period.
Source: International Braz J Urol - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
In this study, the association of survival outcome and the prognostic value of different metastatic sites in patients with metastatic testicular cancer was investigated.Methods: A dataset from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) survey was selected for a retrospective metastatic testicular cancer cohort study. Patients with different metastatic sites were divided into corresponding groups for further analysis. Kaplan-Meier analysis with log-rank test was implemented for comparison of the survival distribution of cases. Multivariate Cox regression models were then applied to analyze the association of dist...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Abstract A residual mass (RM) is an abnormal image with a transverse axis of more than 1cm trans that remains visible on the CT scan performed after chemotherapy for metastatic germ cell tumors. Their management depends on the histology of the initial tumor. In the case of a non-seminomatous germ cell tumor, all residual lesions must be resected if the tumor markers are negative. The surgery usually begins with a retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy. This lymphadenectomy is a programed regional surgery and not the only resection of visible masses. All RM must be resected, regardless of their location, and may require s...
Source: Bulletin du Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Bull Cancer Source Type: research
In this report, we present a 63-year-old male with recurrent testicular seminoma presenting in prostate.
Source: Urology Case Reports - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
In conclusion, NKX3.1 shows routine expression in Sertoli cells and P501S shows routine expression in Leydig cells and rete testis epithelium. In addition, these markers can be positive in sex cord-stromal tumors and rete testis adenocarcinoma.
Source: The American Journal of Surgical Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Authors: Gilligan T, Lin DW, Aggarwal R, Chism D, Cost N, Derweesh IH, Emamekhoo H, Feldman DR, Geynisman DM, Hancock SL, LaGrange C, Levine EG, Longo T, Lowrance W, McGregor B, Monk P, Picus J, Pierorazio P, Rais-Bahrami S, Saylor P, Sircar K, Smith DC, Tzou K, Vaena D, Vaughn D, Yamoah K, Yamzon J, Johnson-Chilla A, Keller J, Pluchino LA Abstract Testicular cancer is relatively uncommon and accounts for 50% of patients dying within 1 year of diagnosis. This selection from the NCCN Guidelines for Testicular Cancer focuses on recommendations for the management of adult patients with nonseminomatous GCTs. PMID: ...
Source: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network : JNCCN - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Natl Compr Canc Netw Source Type: research
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