The pathological spectrum behind migraine aura status: a case series

ConclusionsIn front of a patient with a MAS, an organic lesion of the brain must be suspected, until a complete negative vascular and neuroradiological diagnostic workup has been performed. A spectrum of underlying pathologies (vascular or demyelinating diseases, epileptic or degenerative conditions) may cause a MAS-like clinical onset. The variability of aura symptoms may result in a real diagnostic challenge.
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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Stroke-like episodes (SLEs) are the hallmark of mitochondrial encephalopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episode (MELAS) syndrome but rarely occur also in other specific or nonspecific mitochondrial disorders. Pathophysiologically, SLLs are most likely due to a regional disruption of the blood-brain barrier triggered by the underlying metabolic defect, epileptic activity, drugs, or other factors. SLEs manifest clinically with a plethora of cerebral manifestations, which not only include features typically seen in ischemic stroke, but also headache, epilepsy, ataxia, visual impairment, vomiting, and psychiatric abnormalities.
Source: Journal of the Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Authors: Zhang H, Zheng L, Feng L Abstract Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a type of chronic cerebrovascular occlusion disease, which frequently occurs in East Asian populations, including pediatric and adult patients, and may lead to ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke, headache, epilepsy or transient ischemic attack. To date, the underlying mechanisms of MMD have remained to be fully elucidated, but certain studies have indicated that genetic factors may be an important component of its development. Cerebral angiography is the best approach for diagnosing MMD. However, with technological advances, non-invasive techniques ar...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis analysis of nationally representative US data suggests that although readmission after RS for MMD is not uncommon, cerebral hemorrhagic events during the 90-day postoperative period are rare.
Source: Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: 2018Source: International Review of Neurobiology, Volume 139Author(s): Panagiotis Zis, Dimos-Dimitrios MitsikostasAbstractPlacebo is an intervention with no therapeutic effect that is used as a control in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Placebo effects and responses can produce a beneficial effect that cannot be attributed to the properties of the intervention itself, since it is usually inactive, and should, therefore, be due to the patient's expectations about treatment (placebo effects), or confounding factors such as natural history, co-interventions, biases, among other co-factors (placebo respo...
Source: International Review of Neurobiology - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 2 August 2018Source: International Review of NeurobiologyAuthor(s): Panagiotis Zis, Dimos-Dimitrios MitsikostasAbstractPlacebo is an intervention with no therapeutic effect that is used as a control in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Placebo effects and responses can produce a beneficial effect that cannot be attributed to the properties of the intervention itself, since it is usually inactive, and should, therefore, be due to the patient's expectations about treatment (placebo effects), or confounding factors such as natural history, co-interventions, biases, among other co-factors ...
Source: International Review of Neurobiology - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
We present a 34-year-old woman with history of recurrent migraine headaches and right pontine stroke who presented to our emergency department for intermittent blurry vision and worsening headache.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
AbstractIn the province of Ferrara, Italy, the urgent neurological consultation (UNC) cases in the population correspond to the resident outpatients who undergo a UNC in the ER of the university hospital of Ferrara (UHFe). Thanks to this health organization a retrospective survey identified 612 UNC cases (range of age 7 –102 years, median 67,5 years) in the study period giving a period prevalence rate of 173 per 100,000 (95% CI 159.3–187.3) which increased with age (χ2 for trend  = 178.4p   0.70). The prevalence rate decreased with the distance between the patients&rsqu...
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
by Michael D. Ehlers, MD, PhD Dr. Ehlers is with Biogen in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Innov Clin Neurosci. 2018;15(3–4):15–16 Funding: No funding was received for the preparation of this article. Disclosures: Dr. Ehlers is an employee and shareholder at Biogen Inc. in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Prominent and expensive failures in Alzheimer’s disease therapies have led to a contagious belief system in some parts of the biopharma industry that neuroscience is just too hard, too risky, and too uncertain. But, might this belief system itself be a residual bias of the past? Close inspection reveals all the signs...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Commentary Current Issue Source Type: research
ConclusionNot every diffuse restriction observed on MRI indicates an ischemic stroke. Although radiologic images of the splenium may suggest acute ischemic infarction, the actual cause may be another pathology. Therefore, the symptoms and aetiologies of patients with splenium lesions should be considered and investigated from a wide range of perspectives.
Source: Acta Neurologica Belgica - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions:Neurological complications after CT in our population reach nearly a quarter of patients, similar to or even lower than in previous studies.4.3% of patients developed stroke, ischemic subtype.Pre- and perioperative variables do not differ between both groups, except from ischemic cardiomyopathy as the cause of heart failure being it more frequent in the stroke group.Disclosure: Dr. Vazquez has nothing to disclose. Dr. Thomson has nothing to disclose. Dr. Molina Melendres has nothing to disclose. Dr. Nadile has nothing to disclose. Dr. Gonzalez Toledo has nothing to disclose. Dr. Claverie has nothing to disclose...
Source: Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: In-Hospital Stroke Care Source Type: research
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