Epidemiology of pathogens causing urinary tract infections in an urban community in southern Brazil

Publication date: Available online 5 December 2018Source: The Brazilian Journal of Infectious DiseasesAuthor(s): Carlos E. Reu, Waldemar Volanski, Karoline C. Prediger, Geraldo Picheth, Cyntia M.T. Fadel-PichethAbstractThe frequency of urinary tract infection (UTI) and uropathogens in the community was determined by assessing urine culture results of outpatients at a Brazilian public laboratory in a year period. Patients were classified according to sex and age; women were additionally classified considering pregnancy or diabetes. Cultures were considered positive when growing pure cultures with colony counts>104 CFU/mL. Of the 64,562 urine cultures performed 11,122 (17.2%) turned out positive. UTI was significantly more common among women; however, its frequency varied among patient subgroups. The most common uropathogens were Escherichia coli (54.7%), Streptococcus agalactiae (18.8%), and Proteus mirabilis (5.6%). E. coli frequency was higher among women; even though pregnant women showed a lower incidence (41.1%), similar to that observed in adult men (40.9%). S. agalactiae was the second most commonly isolated species among women, with a higher incidence among pregnant women (31.2%). In contrast, P. mirabilis was the most common species recovered from boys (32%). These data indicate that the distribution of uropathogens varies among groups of patients suggesting that host characteristics may be associated with greater susceptibility to specific uropathogens.
Source: The Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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ConclusionsThis case series demonstrates that the use of a high frequency jet ventilator for cardiac MRI was feasible, safe, providing good quality cardiac imaging and avoiding anesthesia personnel to be inside the hazardous environment of MRI room. Future studies are needed to confirm its safety and efficiency in pediatric patients.ResumoJustificativa e objetivosA ressonância magnética (RM) cardíaca é uma técnica utilizada na avaliação de crianças com cardiopatias congênitas. A anestesia geral garante imobilidade, especialmente em pacientes não cooperador...
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ConclusionRRA must be initiated within 58 days after surgery in patients with high-risk DTCs. Under this approach, risk of SIR and associated mortality risk may be reduced. RRA timing for women in reproductive ages with low/intermediate risk groups may be planned according to their pregnancy/breastfeeding intent. For other low/intermediate risk groups, they can safely proceed according to the capacity of the medical facility and related logistical considerations.ResumenIntroducciónEs difícil adoptar un enfoque científico basado en la evidencia con respecto al intervalo de aplicación de la ablaci...
Source: Revista Espanola de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
This article highlights the role of nuclear medicine in standardizing the diagnostic approach in patients with infectious/inflammatory diseases, in particular in peripheral osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, prosthetic joint infections, infected diabetic foot and spinal infections. The authors reveal the role of the most common radionuclides tests, with their advantages and clinical indications, to achieve an adequate diagnosis of infection and inflammation.ResumenLas enfermedades inflamatorias e infecciosas osteoarticulares pueden tener graves consecuencias para el paciente si no se diagnostican a tiempo. En las últi...
Source: Revista Espanola de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
This study also found that Proteus DNA, a genus with many uropathogenic species (Drzewiecka, 2016), was more prevalent in women with OAB compared to asymptomatic controls (Curtiss et al., 2017). IC A recent study by Abernethy et al. suggested that the microbiome may play a role in IC (Abernethy et al., 2017). In this study, 16S rRNA analysis determined the microbiome of catheterized urine from women (n = 40) with IC was not dominated by a single genus and was less likely to contain Lactobacillus compared to asymptomatic women. Abernethy et al. also showed that L. acidophilus was associated with less severe scores on the ...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Abstract The frequency of urinary tract infection (UTI) and uropathogens in the community was determined by assessing urine culture results of outpatients at a Brazilian public laboratory in a year period. Patients were classified according to sex and age; women were additionally classified considering pregnancy or diabetes. Cultures were considered positive when growing pure cultures with colony counts>104CFU/mL. Of the 64,562 urine cultures performed 11,122 (17.2%) turned out positive. UTI was significantly more common among women; however, its frequency varied among patient subgroups. The most common uropath...
Source: Braz J Infect Dis - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Braz J Infect Dis Source Type: research
Conclusion: Because of a high level of antimicrobial resistance amongst uropathogens in Saudi Arabia, the development of regional and national UTI guidelines is recommended.
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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Source: Progres en Urologie - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Prog Urol Source Type: research
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