Nurse-staffing level and quality of acute care services: Evidence from cross-national panel data analysis in OECD countries

ConclusionA higher proportion of nurses-staffing level is associated with better performance of acute care services in OECD countries. Also, the nursing characteristics of Sweden, Denmark, Canada, Netherlands, Finland, Switzerland, Australia and United States would be good patterns for other countries to maximize nursing outcomes in the care of patients with acute and life-threatening conditions by reducing the risk of complication, mortality and adverse clinical outcomes.
Source: International Journal of Nursing Sciences - Category: Nursing Source Type: research

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We examined whether low total testosterone levels are associated with stroke (ischemic and hemorrhagic), myocardial infarction (MI), venous thromboembolism (VTE), and all-cause mortality among adult men. We conducted a cohort study in the Central Denmark Region (20002015). We included all men with a first-ever laboratory testosterone result and computed the 5-year risks of cardiovascular outcomes and all-cause mortality.
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractDebates regarding the most beneficial medical or surgical procedures for patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) are still ongoing. We aimed to evaluate the risk of subsequent vascular disease and mortality in patients with sICH treated with and without surgical intervention, in a large-scale Asian population. Patients hospitalized within 2000 to 2013 who were newly diagnosed with sICH were identified using the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan. Neuroendoscopy and craniotomy groups comprised patients who underwent surgical treatment within 1  week, while those in the contr...
Source: Neurotherapeutics - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionsReversal of anticoagulation appears safe following LVAD-associated intracranial hemorrhage, though inadequate reversal was common. Resumption of warfarin±antiplatelet was associated with fewer fatal and non-fatal thrombotic events compared to antiplatelets alone, though more non-fatal hemorrhage events occurred.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Reversal of anticoagulation appears safe following LVAD-associated intracranial hemorrhage, though inadequate reversal was common. Resumption of warfarin±antiplatelet was associated with fewer fatal and non-fatal thrombotic events compared to antiplatelets alone, though more non-fatal hemorrhage events occurred. PMID: 30763560 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research
Conclusions:There is a significant proportion of multimorbidity in our study population. Multimorbidity may be used as a criterion to prioritize and improve the management of patients. Measures to prevent cardiovascular disease in people who already have hypertension, diabetes or underlying causes of heart failure in primary care settings need to be emphasized. At higher levels of care, capacity building is key to addressing the management of patients who present with acute cardiovascular diseases.   [Ethiop. J. Health Dev.2018;32(4):218-224]Keywords:Cardiovascular disease, multimorbidity, mortality, intensive care
Source: Ethiopian Journal of Health Development - Category: African Health Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Residing in urban regions with greater green space coverage may lead to a reduced risk of CVD. Urban planning intervention policies that increase urban green space coverage could help to reduce the risk of CVD. PMID: 30703611 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Environment International - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research
This study details the design of the Edoxaban Treatment in routiNe clinical prActice for patients with Atrial Fibrillation in Europe (ETNA-AF-Europe) study – a postauthorization observational study, which is part of the postapproval plan for edoxaban agreed with the European Medicines Agency. Methods The ETNA-AF-Europe study (Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT02944019) is a multicenter, prospective, observational study that enrolled 13 980 patients with atrial fibrillation treated with edoxaban from 852 sites across 10 European countries (Austria, Belgium, Germany, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Switzerl...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Tags: Research articles: Trial design Source Type: research
Abstract RATIONALE: Postconditioning (PostC) at the time of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) may reduce infarct size and improve myocardial salvage. However, clinical trials have shown inconsistent benefit. OBJECTIVE: We performed the first NHLBI-sponsored trial of PostC in the United States utilizing strict enrollment criteria to optimize the early benefits of PostC and assess its long-term effects on LV function. METHODS AND RESULTS: We randomized 122 STEMI patients to PostC (Four, 30-sec. PTCA inflations / deflations) + PCI(n=65) vs. routi...
Source: Circulation Research - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circ Res Source Type: research
Conclusions: In patients who are on OAC with vitamin K antagonist and underwent percutaneous coronary intervention, no significant differences were found in mortality, ischemic, and hemorrhagic complications between the patients treated with TT and DT. Thus, tailored treatment based on individual thromboembolic and bleeding risk might be the most reasonable approach in these patients.
Source: American Journal of Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Reviews Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionThis post hoc subanalysis of the randomized Japanese Primary Prevention Project investigated whether once-daily low-dose aspirin versus no aspirin reduced the risk of cardiovascular events (CVEs) in patients aged  ≥ 70 years with atherosclerotic risk factors.MethodsPatients aged  
Source: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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