NIH wraps up enrollment for adolescent brain study

The U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) has finished enrollment for its...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: NIH seeks partner for UpRite chest x-ray marker NIH taps photonics researcher as new NIBIB director NIH unveils cloud computing research initiative NIH issues huge database of CT scans for AI testing Adolescent brain study begins enrollment
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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AbstractObjectivesTo produce a scoring system for predicting the development of edema in ischemic stroke patients without edema on admission.MethodsThis retrospective study included 572 ischemic stroke patients (73.3  ± 13.0 years, 300 male) without signs of cerebral edema on the first CT scan, which was performed on admission. Another scan was normally performed 3 days later, and subsequently whenever needed. Edema was defined as cerebral hypodensity with compression of lateral ventricles. The main clini cal, laboratory, and instrumental variables obtained during the first 24 h were rel...
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Authors: Fathala A Abstract Immunoglobulin 4 (IgG4)-related systemic disease (IgG4-RSD) is a systemic inflammatory disease characterized by elevation of serum IgG4. IgG4-RSD can affect any organ in the body, and the list of organs associated with this condition is growing steadily. IgG4-related cardiovascular disease affects the coronary arteries, heart valves, myocardium, pericardium, aorta, pulmonary and peripheral vessels. Echocardiography is the most commonly used non-invasive imaging method. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) can assess aortitis, periarteritis and coronary aneurysms. Coronary CTA is a fast,...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research
Authors: Maibom SL, Ryom P, Schou-Jensen K Abstract A 40 year old woman had undergone surgery as a newborn due to a left sided congenital Bochdalek hernia with the ventricle, spleen, left kidney and adrenal gland located intrathoracically. After three pregnancies, she developed left sided flank pain and dyspnea. A CT scan showed a diaphragmatic hernia with a malrotated intrathoracic placed left kidney with minimal hydronephrosis. The spleen was located caudally in the left iliac fossa; there were no other abnormalities. The patient underwent a thoracotomy with a small resection of the diaphragm in order to replace ...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Scand J Urol Source Type: research
This study compared postoperative plain radiography to computed tomography (CT) for their abilities in determining screw penetration, and was to evaluate whether advanced imaging modalities (two-dimensional [2D] CT; three-dimensional [3D] CT) could increase surgeons' level of confidence regarding their diagnoses.Materials and MethodsTwo observers reviewed radiological images of 134 patients who sustained proximal humerus fractures treated with locking plates. The observers were asked to answer two questions: (1) Is there screw penetrating into glenohumeral joint for this patient (Yes/No)? and (2) On a scale from 0 to 10, h...
Source: Academic Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
CASE SUMMARY: A 63-year-old woman with history of stage II rectal adenocarcinoma status postneoadjuvant chemoradiation and subsequent abdominoperineal resection presented with worsening bulge and inability to pouch stoma. CT scan revealed a 4-cm parastomal hernia. After discussion with the patient regarding management options, she elected to undergo repair of hernia defect. A robot-assisted laparoscopic parastomal hernia repair with synthetic mesh via the Sugarbaker technique was performed. After a short stay in the hospital, the patient recovered well and reported no recurrent symptoms.
Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Resident’s Corner Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The paper emphasizes the need to create a research agenda to deal with day-to-day questions faced in medical practice and provides a call-for-attention. Further, it provides some challenging ideas as outside of the box thinking points that may provide research direction for future years. PMID: 30652955 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Journal of Radiation Biology - Category: Radiology Tags: Int J Radiat Biol Source Type: research
A  lawsuitinvolving a 49-year-old male with colon cancer has demonstrated the need for physicians to thoroughly read radiology reports and for radiologists to effectively relay image interpretations.The patient had undergone a CT scan for pre-procedure workup for his extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy to remove kidney stones. The scan showed a possible indication of colon cancer, and the radiologist had made note of those findings on the second page of the report that was sent to the urologist that same day. However, the urologist neglected to read the second page, and 19 months later, the patient was diagnosed wit...
Source: radRounds - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
In conclusion, the low varia tions attributable to the selection of a trabecular stiffness relationship based on anatomic-site suggest that FE models constructed for shoulder arthroplasty can utilize an inhomogeneous site-pooled trabecular relationship without inducing marked variability in the assessed outcome measures.
Source: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
uca Saba Jasjit S. Suri A World Health Organization (WHO) Feb 2018 report has recently shown that mortality rate due to brain or central nervous system (CNS) cancer is the highest in the Asian continent. It is of critical importance that cancer be detected earlier so that many of these lives can be saved. Cancer grading is an important aspect for targeted therapy. As cancer diagnosis is highly invasive, time consuming and expensive, there is an immediate requirement to develop a non-invasive, cost-effective and efficient tools for brain cancer characterization and grade estimation. Brain scans using magnetic resonanc...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
ConclusionThis is a rare case report discussing the detailed diagnostic approach along with an extensive review of the literature for malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor arising in the colon.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
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