The impact of oral health on quality of life of urban and riverine populations of the Amazon: A multilevel analysis.

This study aimed to evaluate the impact of dental caries and periodontal disease on the quality of life of adolescents and young adults from an urban area and from two riverine communities of the Amazon region located at different distances from the urban area. The occurrence of dental caries and periodontal disease was examined through the Decayed, Missing, Filled (DMFT) Index and the Community Periodontal Index (CPI). The impact of oral health conditions on quality of life was examined through the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) questionnaire. The data were collected from 564 individuals (15-25 years old): 212 residents of the urban area of Abaetetuba-Pará-Brazil, were compared to 186 inhabitants of the nearest riverine community (Maracapucu) and 166 of another riverine community (Tucumanduba River) located further from the city. The OHIP-14 was analyzed as a dependent outcome, while dental caries, bleeding, calculus, the presence of periodontal pockets, as well as sex and age were analyzed as independent variables through Poisson analysis in a multilevel model. The worst indicators of OHIP-14 and the highest DMFT scores were found in the riverine populations, especially those from the riverine community farthest from the urban area. Based on the adjusted multivariate model, variables such as the contextual variable (location, RR 1.31), and individual demographic variables (sex and age), DMFT (RR 1.53), and the presence of periodontal pockets (RR 1.15) were sign...
Source: Rural Remote Health - Category: Rural Health Authors: Tags: PLoS One Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 18 February 2020Source: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyAuthor(s): Anne Marie Uwitonze, Sayeeda Rahman, Nkemcho Ojeh, William B. Grant, Harleen Kaur, Afrozul Haq, Mohammed S. RazzaqueAbstractAdequate nutrition is essential for maintaining good oral health. Minerals such as magnesium, calcium, and phosphorus found in the diet constitute the main structural components of the tooth. Their inadequacy leads to absorption impairment, increased bleeding tendency, bone resorption, looseness, and premature tooth loss. Inadequacy of those essential minerals is associated wi...
Source: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
This study aimed to assess the dental caries experience and associated factors among 12-year-old children in the state of S ão Paulo, Brazil. A cross-sectional population-based study was conducted with data obtained from 415 cities, including a total of 26,325 schoolchildren who were included by the double-stage cluster technique, by lot and by systematic sampling. The statistical model included data from the São Paulo Oral Health Survey (SBSP 2015), the Human Development Index (HDI) and the Social Vulnerability Index (SVI). A theoretical-conceptual model categorized the variables into three blocks, namely, c...
Source: Brazilian Oral Research - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Conclusion: The new tool has sound psychometric properties, is relatively short, culturally equivalent, age-specific, and can assess both positive and negative aspects of adolescent oral health. Further testing in longitudinal studies is required to determine its usefulness as an outcome measure.
Source: Indian Journal of Dental Research - Category: Dentistry Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Aims: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a group of calcium-dependent zinc-containing proteinases acting both physiologically and in pathological conditions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the concentration of MMP-2, MMP-8, and MMP-9 and their inhibitors TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 of unstimulated whole saliva (UWS) in correlation with the oral health in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) children. Methods: The study population comprised 34 JIA patients and 34 age- and sex-matched controls (C). They were divided into two groups: with mixed dentition (MD) and with permanent dentition (PD). Dental cari...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
There is a lack of population-based surveys on oral health in Jilin province. Accordingly, this study aimed to understand the oral health status of 12-year-old children in Jilin province, China, to demonstrate the prevalence of oral health–related diseases, as well as to identify the associated risk factors. From February to April 2017, a cross-sectional investigation was conducted among 2324 children aged 12 years from 63 public schools of 9 regions in Jilin province, China. A questionnaire of World Health Organization (WHO) was conducted to ascertain the potential risk factors associated with oral diseases. The 3 ...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
Nguyen, Van Thai / Nguyen, Hong Loi / Nguyen, Toai / Jagom ägi, TriinPage 457 - 463Purpose: To determine the oral hygiene habits, levels of dental caries, and periodontal condition of patients with repaired cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) in Central Vietnam.Materials and Methods: A total of 78 patients (1-54 years old; median: 6 years) with CL/P were examined for dental caries, gingivitis and periodontitis using the decayed, missing, and filled teeth (dmft/DMFT) index, gingival bleeding on probing and periodontal pocket depth. Data about dental visits, brushing habits and socioeconomic status were collected.Results: A ...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
ConclusionsA small but positive association was found between clinical measures of caries and periodontal disease severity. Further research is warranted to examine the association between these two common oral diseases.Clinical relevancePeriodontal diseases and caries are the two most common oral diseases. There was a positive association between clinical and microbiological markers of both diseases. Therefore, strategies in oral health education should involve both caries and periodontitis prevention.
Source: Clinical Oral Investigations - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Conclusion: OSA is an important problem for DS and may affect oral health negatively. Based on our findings, OSA can be associated with impaired gingival health in DS children and close follow-up may be necessary for this group.
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - Category: Rural Health Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeThe aim of this study was to evaluate if health and oral health status of children and adolescents with different stages of CKD are associated with their health-related quality of life (HRQoL), oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and socioeconomic and demographic conditions.MethodsOne hundred children and adolescents with CKD were age and gender matched to 100 individuals without CKD (mean age  ± SD = 13.04 ± 2.57). Oral health was characterised by means of gingival bleeding index (GBI), plaque index (PI), the decayed, missing, and filled ...
Source: Quality of Life Research - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
In this study, 122 children were enrolled and divided into two equal subgroups (61 each). There was a significant association between SDB and all six outcomes (all p
Source: Acta Bio-Medica : Atenei Parmensis - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Acta Biomed Source Type: research
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