Chronic Kidney Disease Increases Atrial Fibrillation Inducibility: Involvement of Inflammation, Atrial Fibrosis, and Connexins

Huiliang Qiu, Chunlan Ji, Wei Liu, Yuchi Wu, Zhaoyu Lu, Qizhan Lin, Zheng Xue, Xusheng Liu, Huanlin Wu, Wei Jiang, Chuan Zou
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Left atrial appendage occlusion shows comparable efficacy for stroke and bleeding prevention in CKD and Non-CKD patients. CKD patients experience more adverse events during follow-up and a significantly increased risk for periprocedural contrast-induced acute kidney injury. PMID: 30983505 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Cardiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Acta Cardiol Source Type: research
Giuseppe Ristagno1*, Francesca Fumagalli1, Barbara Bottazzi2, Alberto Mantovani2,3,4, Davide Olivari1, Deborah Novelli1 and Roberto Latini1 1Department of Cardiovascular Research, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research IRCCS, Milan, Italy 2Humanitas Clinical and Research Center-IRCCS, Milan, Italy 3Humanitas University, Milan, Italy 4The William Harvey Research Institute, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom The long pentraxin PTX3 is a member of the pentraxin family produced locally by stromal and myeloid cells in response to proinflammatory signals and microbial moieties. The p...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Siriluck Ponsuksili1, Nares Trakooljul1, Frieder Hadlich1, Karen Methling2, Michael Lalk2, Eduard Murani1 and Klaus Wimmers1,3* 1Leibniz Institute for Farm Animal Biology (FBN), Institute for Genome Biology, Functional Genome Analysis Research Unit, Dummerstorf, Germany 2Institute for Biochemistry – Metabolomics, University of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany 3Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany Given the central metabolic role of the liver, hepatic metabolites and transcripts reflect the organismal physiological state. Biochemical-clinical plasma bio...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Our study emphasizes that there are several clinical circumstances in patients with AF requiring complex decisions about anticoagulation treatment and offers some recommendations based on the consensus reached by an expert panel. PMID: 30957564 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
Purpose of review The direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have emerged as an effective and safe alternative to vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) for stroke and venous thromboembolism (VTE) prevention. However, patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) experience an increase in the risk of both thromboembolism and bleeding, and the risk–benefit profile of DOACs, particularly in advanced CKD remains a source of ongoing debate. This review summarizes the recent evidence on the effects of DOACs in CKD across a range of clinical indications including newly emerging indications. Recent findings Data on early-to-moderate st...
Source: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: EPIDEMIOLOGY AND PREVENTION: Edited by Navdeep Tangri Source Type: research
;ssaguerre M, Ieda M Abstract BACKGROUND: Ventricular fibrillation (VF) storm after myocardial infarction (MI) is a life-threatening condition that necessitates multiple defibrillations. Catheter ablation is a potentially effective treatment strategy for VF storm refractory to optimal medical treatment. However, its impact on patient survival has not been verified in a large population. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, retrospective observational study involving consecutive patients who underwent catheter ablation of post-MI refractory VF storm without preceding monomorphic ventricular tachycardia. The ta...
Source: Circulation - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circulation Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: CORRESPONDENCE Source Type: research
Abstract In patients diagnosed with chronic kidney disease (CKD), atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with an increased risk of thromboembolism and stroke. Moreover, patients with CKD - especially those in end-stage renal disease - also present an increased risk of bleeding. Oral anticoagulation is the most effective form of thromboprophylaxis in patients with AF and an increased risk of stroke. However, the underuse of these drugs was observed, mainly due to safety reasons and restricted evidence on efficacy. Much evidence suggests that non-vitamin K-dependent oral anticoagulant agents significantly reduce the...
Source: Cardiology Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiol J Source Type: research
Authors: Zhang S, Zhang W, Zhou G Abstract Stroke causes disability and high mortality, while it can be prevented by increasing public awareness of risk factors. The common known risk factors are hypertension, atrial fibrillation, heart failure, smoking, alcohol consumption, low physical activity, overweight and hypercholesterolemia. However, the deep understanding of risk factors is limited. Moreover, more risk factor emerges in recent years. To further increase the awareness of risk factors for stroke prevention, this review indicates the reasonable application of antihypertensive agents according to the age-depe...
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: The presence of residual left atrial low-voltage areas (LVA) has been shown to be strongly associated with atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence after pulmonary vein isolation. A preliminary study showed that concomitant chronic kidney disease (CKD) increased the rate of AF recurrence. The association between CKD and LVA, however, has not been elucidated. In the present study, we investigated the association between CKD severity and LVA prevalence. Methods and Results: In total, 183 consecutive AF patients who underwent initial ablation for AF were enrolled in this retrospective observationa...
Source: Circulation Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circ J Source Type: research
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