Opioid Crisis Linked to Spike in Infective Endocarditis

(MedPage Today) -- Ten-fold rise in one state prompts urgent call for action
Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: news

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AbstractBackgroundContemporary data on mitral valve (MV) surgery in patients with infective endocarditis (IE) are limited.MethodsThe National Inpatient Sample was queried to identify patients with IE who underwent MV surgery between 2003 and 2016. We assessed (a) temporal trends in the incidence of MV surgery for IE, (b) morbidity, mortality, and cost of MV repair vs replacement, and (c) predictors of in ‐hospital mortality.ResultsThe proportion of MV operations involving patients with IE increased from 5.4% in 2003 to 7.3%, and the proportion of MV repair among those undergoing surgery for IE increased from 15.2% to 25.0% (Ptrend 
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: SURGICAL TECHNIQUE Source Type: research
Infective endocarditis (IE) caused by gram-negative bacilli is rare. However, the incidence of this severe infection is rising because of the increasing number of persons at risk, such as patients with immunos...
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Case report Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: A 36-year-old woman with resistant tricuspid valve endocarditis was successfully treated with linezolid in combination with daptomycin. PMID: 31201773 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy : AJHP - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Am J Health Syst Pharm Source Type: research
ConclusionsInfective endocarditis in patients with CHD is an ongoing clinical challenge. In contemporary practice in tertiary congenital centres, 1/15 patients do not survive to hospital discharge. Streptococci remain the most common causative organism, and antecedent dental or medical procedures were undertaken in a significant minority in the three months before diagnosis. The presence of an atrioventricular septal defect or staphylococcal infection is associated with significantly increased risk of early mortality.
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Infective endocarditis (IE) is the microorganism infection of the endocardium known for its high morbidity and mortality in spite of treatment.1 The clinical presentation and outcome are largely determined by the immune and inflammatory response influenced by the host-pathogen interaction. The complex pathogenesis of this condition is a challenge, and understanding the immune-inflammatory cell pathways can be a step closer to improve disease management.
Source: Journal of Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Bitay M, Varga S, Babik B, Havasi K, Szücsborus T Abstract Coronary artery septic embolization is a rare, but severe complication of infective endocarditis involving the leftside of the valves. The first case mentioned in the literature was a postmortem finding of a left anterior descending coronary artery occlusion by a vegetation fragment. Since this case, there have been several therapeutic strategies published with this clinical setting including medical treatment, percutaneous coronary angioplasty addressing coronary occlusion, surgical intervention for both the infected valve and coronary emboli...
Source: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Tags: Rev Cardiovasc Med Source Type: research
Response by Aoyama et al. to Letter Regarding Case Report, "The Early Diagnosis of Endophthalmitis Due to Group B Streptococcus Infective Endocarditis and Its Clinical Course: A Case Report and Literature Review": Vitrectomy or not? Intern Med. 2019 Jun 07;: Authors: Aoyama Y, Oba Y, Hoshide S, Arai Y, Komori T, Kabutoya T, Kario K PMID: 31178522 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
The 2015 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines for the management of infective endocarditis recommend the use of a multidisciplinary team in the care of patients with infective endocarditis. A standardized collaborative approach should be implemented in centres with immediate access to different imaging techniques, cardiac surgery and health professionals from several specialties. This position paper has been produced by the Task Force for Management of Infective Endocarditis of Italian Society of Echocardiography and Cardiovascular Imaging (SIECVI) with the aim of providing recommendations for the implementation...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Tags: Position statement Source Type: research
AbstractInfective endocarditis is a growing problem with many shifts due to ever-increasing comorbid illnesses, invasive procedures, and increase in the elderly. We performed this multinational study to depict definite infective endocarditis. Adult patients with definite endocarditis hospitalized between January 1, 2015, and October 1, 2018, were included from 41 hospitals in 13 countries. We included microbiological features, types and severity of the disease, complications, but excluded therapeutic parameters. A total of 867 patients were included. A total of 631 (72.8%) patients had native valve endocarditis (NVE), 214 ...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Infective endocarditis caused by Actinomyces spp. is extremely rare. However, cases by new species of Actinomyces have been increasingly reported due to advances in laboratory techniques, and many of these specie...
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Case report Source Type: research
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