Normal value and range of the humerus–elbow–wrist angle in a sample of healthy children with even distributions of age, sex, and laterality
This study was performed to evaluate the normal value of the humerus–elbow–wrist angle (HEWA) in a sample of healthy children with even distributions of age, sex, and laterality. A total of 168 radiographs of the elbows of healthy children with even distributions of age, sex, and laterality were reviewed. The mean HEWA was 12.1° (range: 5°–20°). The value of HEWA was significantly associated with increasing age. Neither sex nor side showed significant differences for the HEWA. The data should be useful for postoperative radiographic assessment of cubitus varus or valgus deformities.
Publication date: Available online 14 December 2019Source: Orthopaedics &Traumatology: Surgery &ResearchAuthor(s): Alessio Bernasconi, Cecilia Iervolino, Rosa D’Alterio, François Lintz, Shelain Patel, Francesco SadileAbstractBackgroundThe role of subtalar arthroereisis (STA) for treating flexible flatfoot (FFF) in children is controversial. We hypothesized that (1) STA provided significant radiographic correction of low longitudinal arch and forefoot abduction in paediatric FFF and that (2) mid-term clinical outcomes were satisfactory and comparable to a normal population.MethodsA retrospective compara...
Abstract PURPOSE: Modular fluted tapered stems are one of the most commonly used implants in femoral revision surgery. Due to the relative lack of studies on the Restoration modular fluted tapered stem, we conducted a study to evaluate its short- to mid-term clinical, radiographic, and survival outcomes. METHODS: We identified all 45 patients treated with this revision stem at our institution. Five patients did not complete the minimum 2-year follow-up, leaving 40 patients (41 hips) for assessment. Mean follow-up was 5.1 years (range 2-11 years). Clinical outcomes were assessed using the Harris hip score (HHS...
ConclusionsDespite the differences in PDS protocols at both study sites, there was no significant difference in 90-day mortality rates after valvular surgery. Further randomized comparative prospective studies are needed to validate and expand on these findings.
ConclusionsHere, we reported a series of 29 cases of MRONJ with related mandibular or palatal tori among 391 consecutive patients in the Copenhagen ONJ Cohort . We documented that 59% of these cases were associated with trauma, and that in some cases, trauma was preventable (e.g., trauma from impression taking and intubation). Dentists as well as anesthesiologists should be aware of the presence of tori in patients on antiresorptive therapy. Surgical treatment was more successful (100%) compared with nonsurgical treatment (40%).
ConclusionsMaxillofacial manifestation of bone metastasis is common but is often overlooked. Therefore, it should be considered in the differential diagnosis when a patient with a history of antiresorptive medications presents with a gingival mass and/or exophytic bone. Good clinical judgment and well-timed bone biopsy and diagnostic imaging can lead to the correct diagnosis and optimal treatment.
ConclusionsDental providers should consider malignancy, including lymphoma, although uncommon, in the differential diagnosis of jaw pain, particularly when thorough evaluation fails to disclose a dental etiology, routine dental interventions fail to control symptoms, or there are atypical clinical or radiographic findings.
This study aims to analyze the incidence of calcification of the stylohyoid ligament through panoramic radiographs, considering its importance in clinical routine. Five hundred digitalized panoramic radiographs taken in 2017 were analyzed considering the incidence of the calcification of the stylohyoid ligament. The material was classified according to age, sex, and the affected side. According to the analysis, it was possible to identify a high frequency of calcifications (88%). It was observed that patients aged between 21 and 30 years old were the most affected ones (32.2%). Despite its probability, no significant diffe...
ConclusionsThe features presented in this study are more similar to than different from those reported in the literature.
Metastatic calcinosis (MC) is a pathologic process that results from the deposition of calcified product in normal tissues as result of hyperphosphatemia with or without concomitant hypercalcemia. A 52-year-old man with a history of renal transplantation was evaluated for an asymptomatic nodule on the dorsal surface of the tongue. On intraoral examination, an undefined, firm, sessile, irregular and yellowish surface nodule, measuring 10 × 8 × 4 mm was observed. Panoramic radiograph showed radiopaque areas adjacent to the hyoid bone and paired linear areas of calcification next to the mandibular angle.
A 37-year-old woman, with no history of diseases or medical treatment, presented with an asymptomatic nonulcerated lesion, at the lower posterior gingiva. The patient had periodontitis with periodical control and the intraoral exam showed a single, hardened nodule measuring 1 × 0.5 cm, with a smooth surface and sessile base, surrounding the interproximal distal space between the first and second left lower molars. Radiographically, there was no evidence of bone compromise. Pigmentation was only seen on the lingual area.