Brain Atrophy in Natalizumab ‐treated Patients with Multiple Sclerosis: A 5‐year Retrospective Study

CONCLUSIONOur results contribute to the increasing knowledge of PBVCs in natalizumab ‐treated MS patients. Our data suggests that after a significant PBVC decrease in the first year, brain atrophy rates show a slowdown during long‐term follow‐up.
Source: Journal of Neuroimaging - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Paramagnetic rims might be a characteristic MRI finding for MS, and therefore they have potential as an imaging marker for differentially diagnosing MS from NMOSD using 3-T MRI. PMID: 33029961 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Clinical Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: J Clin Neurol Source Type: research
Objectives Cortical demyelination is common in multiple sclerosis (MS) and can be extensive. Cortical lesions contribute to disability independently from white matter lesions and may form via a distinct mechanism. However, current magnetic resonance imaging methods at 3 T are insensitive to cortical, and especially subpial cortical, lesions. Subpial lesions are well seen on T2*-weighted imaging at 7 T, but T2*-weighted methods on 3 T scanners are limited by poor lesion-to-cortex and cerebrospinal fluid-to-lesion contrast. We aimed to develop and evaluate a cerebrospinal fluid–suppressed, T2*-weighted sequence optim...
Source: Investigative Radiology - Category: Radiology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
ConclusionPatients with NMOSD are at significant risk of cognitive deficits. However, the knowledge of cognitive symptoms in NMOSD and potential modifying interventions is still scarce. Further accumulation of clinical data may facilitate effective therapeutic interventions.
Source: Brain and Behavior - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research
This review aims to describe two cases of Bal ò’s Concentric Sclerosis (BCS) and to review the state‐of‐the‐art literature. Through the analysis of current imaging practice, our purpose is to help clinicians reach early diagnosis, thus enhancing the chances of a more successful outcome for the patients. AbstractThe aim of this study was to describe two cases of Bal ó’s concentric sclerosis, and to review the state‐of‐the‐art literature. This dissertation is the result of a critical analysis matching the literature and our professional experience. Data were synthesized into a narrative ...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Neuroimmunology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: REVIEW ARTICLE Source Type: research
Abstract Growing concern about neurodegenerative diseases is becoming a global issue. It is estimated that not only their prevalence will increase but also morbidity and health burden will be really concerning. Scientists, researchers and clinicians share the responsibility of arising the awareness and knowledge about the restricting and handicapping health restrains related to these diseases. Multiple Sclerosis (MS), as one of the prevalent autoimmune diseases, is characterized by abnormal regulation of the immune system that periodically attack parts of the nervous system; brain and spinal cord. Symptoms and imp...
Source: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Curr Top Med Chem Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS Neuroinflammation due to CTLA4h is mediated primarily by an infiltrative process with a distinct and striking dissociation between clinical symptoms and radiological findings in the majority of patients.FUNDING NIAID, NIH, Division of Intramural Research, NINDS, NIH, Division of Intramural Research, and the National Multiple Sclerosis Society–American Brain Foundation.TRIAL REGISTRATION NCT00001355.
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
We present a case of a sizeable vagal schwannoma that was resected through a lateral suboccipital approach in semisitting position. An extra-axial lesion, occupying the left cerebellomedullary cistern and extending from the pontomedullary junction to the jugular foramen was incidentally discovered in a 40-year-old woman afflicted with secondary progressive multiple sclerosis during repeated magnetic resonance imaging (Fig. 1). On physical examination, a mild deviation of the uvula to the right and a diminished gag reflex were observed. The patient was referred to our department after considerable growth of the lesion was n...
Source: Journal of Neurological Surgery Part B: Skull Base - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Skull Base: Operative Videos Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Neuroproprioceptive "facilitation, inhibition" physiotherapy may enhance brain activity and could involve processes connected with the processing of motion activation. CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT: The study showed that facilitation approach can modulate brain activity. This could be useful for developing of effective physiotherapeutic treatment in MS. PMID: 32935954 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Eur J Phys Rehabil Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Our results show increased GluCEST-weighted signals in the LPC-induced demyelination rat brain compared with control. GluCEST-weighted imaging could be a useful tool for defining a biomarker to estimate the glutamate-related metabolism in MS. PMID: 32926951 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Brain Research Bulletin - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Brain Res Bull Source Type: research
Objectives Gadolinium deposition is widely believed to occur, but questions regarding accumulation pattern and permanence remain. We conducted a retrospective study of intracranial signal changes on monthly triple-dose contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations from the previously published Betaseron vs. Copaxone in Multiple Sclerosis With Triple-Dose Gadolinium and 3-Tesla MRI Endpoints Trial (N = 67) to characterize the dynamics of gadolinium deposition in several deep brain nuclei and track persistence versus washout of gadolinium deposition on long-term follow-up (LTFU) examinations (N = 28) obta...
Source: Investigative Radiology - Category: Radiology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
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