Pre, peri and posttransplant diabetes mellitus

Purpose of review The leading cause of death in both chronic kidney disease (CKD) and renal transplant patients is cardiovascular events. Post-transplant diabetes mellitus (PTx-DM), which is a major cardiovascular risk factor, is a metabolic disorder that affects 5.5–60.2% of renal allograft recipients by 1-year posttransplant (PTx). PTx-DM has been associated with a negative impact on patient and graft outcomes and survival. Recent findings Individuals who develop PTx-DM are usually prone to this condition prior to and/or after developing CKD. Genetic factors, obesity, inflammation, medications and CKD all are risk factors for PTx-diabetes mellitus. The path to development of disease continues PTx frequently augmented by the use of diabetogenic maintenance immunosuppressive and some nonimmunosuppressive medications. These risk factors are usually associated with an increase in insulin resistance, a decrease in insulin gene expression and/or β-cell dysfunction and apoptosis. Summary Some new anti-diabetes mellitus medications may help to improve the overall outcome; however, there is a real need for developing a preventive strategy. Identifying and targeting PTx-DM risk factors may help to guide the development of an effective programme. This could include the adoption of nondiabetogenic immunosuppressive protocols for high-risk patients.
Source: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: SPECIAL COMMENTARIES Source Type: research

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