Serum Soluble Bone Turnover Biomarkers in Psoriatic Arthritis and Psoriatic Spondyloarthropathy.
The objectives of our systematic review were to determine whether serum soluble bone and cartilage turnover biomarkers are (1) associated with PsA or psoriatic spondyloarthropathy; and (2) associated with disease activity, disease severity, or clinical phenotype. Ten studies met eligibility criteria. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3, Dickkopf (DKK)-1, macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF), crosslinked telopeptide of collagen-1, and tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand were associated with PsA, with equivocal results for osteoprotegerin (OPG) and bone alkaline phosphatase (ALP). MMP-3, DKK-1, M-CSF, CPII:C2C (ratio of cartilage degradation vs byproduct formation), and possibly OPG were associated with PsA independently of psoriasis. C1-2C (a neoepitope released when type 2 cartilage is degraded by collagenases) was associated with both tender and swollen joint counts, and bone morphogenetic protein-4 with patient global assessment of disease, pain score, and the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index. Bone ALP was associated with disease activity. M-CSF and receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand were associated with several plain radiographic features. No studies have investigated biomarker associations specifically with axial PsA. PMID: 25362660 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSION: Documenting carer, service provider and healthcare practitioner perspectives on skin infections provides a more informed understanding of the context in which treatment decisions are made. The ongoing need for culturally appropriate targeted, translational health education; improved treatment guidelines and feasible, painless treatments; and potential for the use of bush medicines for skin infections were themes that emerged. PMID: 31540550 [PubMed - in process]
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Discussion Pulmonary embolism (PE) is potentially life-threatening but fortunately rare event especially in the pediatric population. It was first described in children in 1861. PE is likely underreported because of minimal or non-specific clinical symptoms. The incidence is estimated at 0.05-4.2% with the 4.2% based on autopsy reports. It is probably also increasing as more central venous catheters (CVC) are used, and more children are surviving previously poor prognostic diseases. There is a bimodal distribution with cases
ConclusionACUTE ABDOMEN sonographic approach in acute abdomen can play an important role in ruling out critical diagnosis, and can guide emergency physician or any critical care physician in patient management.
AbstractWe herein report a case of anti-RANKL monoclonal antibody-associated membranous nephropathy (MN). A 67-year-old woman with a history of rheumatoid arthritis treated with prednisolone and methotrexate for more than 30 years and osteoporosis treated with eldecalcitol and teriparatide for 4 years had achieved a stable disease condition. Her kidney function was normal and her urinalysis was negative for hematuria and proteinuria. An anti-RANKL monoclonal antibody (denosumab) was administered for the treatment of osteoporosis. Four months later, proteinuria appeared (2.3 g/g creatinine) and remained posi...
DiscussionAnkylosing spondylitis (also known as Bechterew disease and Marie Str ümpell disease). More common in males with 3:1 ratio.Spondyloarthritis is a group of diseases with common clinical, laboratory, and genetic features&association with human leukocyte antigen HLA-B27. Ankylosing spondylitis is the prototypic disease in the spectrum of spondyloarthritis which usually has axial skeletal manifestations. Other representative disorders in this spectrum of disease which usually have peripheral articular involvement, but axial skeleton manifestations are also frequently seen are --psori...