Noninterventional Therapies for the Management of Knee Osteoarthritis

J Knee Surg DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1676107The goal of the practitioner managing a patient with knee osteoarthritis (OA) is to minimize pain and optimize their function. Several noninterventional (noninjectable) therapies are available for these individuals, each having varying levels of efficacy. An individualized approach to the patient is most beneficial in individuals with knee OA and the treatment plan the practitioner chooses should be based on this principle. The focus of this article is to provide an up-to-date overview of the treatment strategies available, evidence to support them, and in whom these treatments would be most appropriate. These include exercise (aerobic and resistance), weight loss, bracing and orthotics, topical and oral analgesic medications, therapeutic modalities, and oral supplements. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Journal of Knee Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Special Focus Section Source Type: research

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ConclusionArthroscopic knee debridement can provide good symptomatic relief and sustained benefits in significantly symptomatic patients with early degenerative knees who have failed conservative management. This is most useful in patients with mechanical symptoms secondary to degenerative meniscal tears or chondral flaps, and those with symptomatic patellofemoral osteoarthritis.
Source: Asia-Pacific Journal of Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation and Technology - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
In this study, the additional benefits of local infiltration of analgesia to femoral nerve block were evaluated.MethodsForty patients were randomly allocated into a combined local infiltration of analgesia and femoral nerve block or femoral nerve block alone group. In the former, analgesic drugs consisting of ropivacaine and dexamethasone were injected into the peri-articular tissues, while the same amount of saline was injected into the femoral nerve block group. The primary outcome measure was the total amount of fentanyl consumption by the patient-controlled analgesia pump during the 48-h post-operative period.ResultsA ...
Source: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Both a traditional physical therapy program in addition to squatting exercise and a traditional physical therapy program in addition to squatting exercise with hip adduction are effective in reduction of pain intensity increases performance of functional activities, and vastus medialis oblique amplitude. However, there is no superiority of one program over the other. PMID: 30507561 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research
A source of myofascial pain and myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) in muscles of the knee area could play a crucial role in the management of pain in osteoarthritis patients. The aim of this study was to describe and compare demographic, clinical and myofascial pain syndrome characteristics in older adults with knee osteoarthritis by sex and age distribution.
Source: The Knee - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
Coping. Lots of meanings, lots of negative connotations, used widely by health professionals, rejected by others (why would you need coping skills if you can get rid of your pain?). I’ll bet one of the problems with coping is that we don’t really know what we’re defining. Is coping the result of dealing with something? Or is it the process of dealing with something? Or is it the range of strategies used when dealing with something? What if, after having dealt with the ‘something’ that shook our world, the world doesn’t go back to the way it was? What if ‘coping’ becomes a...
Source: HealthSkills Weblog - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: 'Pacing' or Quota Assessment Chronic pain Clinical reasoning Coping Skills Coping strategies Motivation Research Science in practice activity patterns flexibility Occupational therapy physiotherapy values Source Type: blogs
J Knee Surg DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1676071Chronic knee pain is a widely prevalent issue that can have a significant impact on a patient's quality of life. One of the leading causes of chronic knee pain is osteoarthritis. Total knee replacement is often the last and definitive resort for patients with severe symptomatic osteoarthritis after trial of less invasive interventions with failure to achieve symptomatic relief. Intra-articular injections are a mainstay of adjunctive conservative management and have demonstrated efficacy in reducing pain. Radiofrequency treatment is a viable option for poor surgical candidates, or for ...
Source: Journal of Knee Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Special Focus Section Source Type: research
Authors: Ravalli S, Szychlinska MA, Leonardi RM, Musumeci G Abstract Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic degenerative disease of articular cartilage with limited treatment options. This reality encourages clinicians to suggest preventive measures to delay and contain the outbreak of the pathological conditions. Articular cartilage and synovium suffering from OA are characterised by an inflammatory state and by significant oxidative stress, responsible for pain, swelling and loss of mobility in the advanced stages. This review will focus on the ability of olive oil to exert positive effects on the entire joint to reduc...
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research
CHICAGO—Many nonsurgical therapies are available for knee osteoarthritis pain, but they vary greatly in effectiveness. “How should I proceed and figure out what to do with our patients?” asked David T. Felson, MD, MPH, professor of medicine at Boston University School of Medicine, during OA Management Without Surgery in 2018, a session at the 2018... [Read More]
Source: The Rheumatologist - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: American College of Rheumatology Conditions Meeting Reports Osteoarthritis 2018 ACR/ARHP Annual Meeting Source Type: research
Purpose of review This review focuses on the molecular taxonomy of osteoarthritis from the perspective of molecular biomarkers. We discuss how wet biochemical markers may be used to understand disease pathogenesis and progression and define molecular endotypes of osteoarthritis and how these correspond to clinical phenotypes. Recent findings Emerging evidence suggests that osteoarthritis is a heterogeneous and multifaceted disease with multiple causes, molecular endotypes and corresponding clinical phenotypes. Biomarkers may be employed as tools for patient stratification in clinical trials, enhanced disease managemen...
Source: Current Opinion in Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: OSTEOARTHRITIS: Edited by Mukundan Attur Source Type: research
A paradigm shift is occurring in our understanding of pain in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD). Vaso-occlusive episodes (VOEs) are crises of acute nociceptive pain, and have long been recognized as a hallmark of SCD (Brandow et al., 2017). While patients with SCD are traditionally considered to be at "steady state" and pain free between VOEs, recent studies have shown that a significant number of adults with SCD (~30%) experience daily chronic pain (>50% of the time in the past 6 months) (Smith et al., 2008). Although the precise mechanisms underlying this evolution from acute episodic to chronic pain a...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 114. Hemoglobinopathies, Excluding Thalassemia-Clinical: Pain and Pain Management in Sickle Cell Disease Source Type: research
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