NIAAA Mark Keller Honorary Lecture: Prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Characteristics and Correlates

NIAAA Mark Keller Honorary Lecture Phil A. May, Ph.D., is an internationally recognized expert in fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), with a distinguished career spanning nearly 50 years. By studying the adverse effects of prenatal exposure to alcohol, his work has advanced greatly our understanding of the prevalence, characteristics, etiology, diagnosis, and prevention of FAS and FASD. Dr. May is Professor in the Department of Nutrition of the Gillings School of Global Public Health and the Nutrition Research Institute at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Professor Emeritus at the University of New Mexico (UNM), and Adjunct Professor of Pediatrics at the Sanford School of Medicine, University of South Dakota. In addition to holding these academic positions, Dr. May is an Extraordinary Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Stellenbosch University, South Africa. He also served for nine years as the first Director of the Center on Alcoholism, Substance Abuse, and Addictions at UNM. During his distinguished career, Dr. May has been the principal investigator of more than a dozen major population-based FAS/FASD epidemiologic studies of children. In addition to being applied to several Native American communities in the U.S. Southwestern and Northern Plains and other communities in the United States, South Africa, and Italy, the active case ascertainment methodology he developed has been applied to research with communities ...
Source: Videocast - All Events - Category: General Medicine Tags: Upcoming Events Source Type: video

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Conclusion: These findings suggest that consumption of peanuts high in oleic acid (D7) may have the potential to delay primary fatty liver symptoms. PMID: 33033472 [PubMed]
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Considering the low number of university students disclosing sexual assaults to health professionals or support services, the results of this survey suggest more work is needed to facilitate greater disclosures to health professionals enabling victims to access the services they need regardless of alcohol use. PMID: 33032303 [PubMed - in process]
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The nurse practitioner workforce offers stability and flexibility in working across multiple clinical settings in primary healthcare. They provide the potential solution to the general practitioner workforce shortage by improving access to primary healthcare and reducing health inequalities. As authorised prescribers able to enrol patients, receive capitation payments and claim general medical services, it is timely to facilitate the expansion of the nurse practitioner workforce in New Zealand. PMID: 33032301 [PubMed - in process]
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
This study investigated the factors associated with the nutritional status of school children in a rural municipality in Cebu, Philippines. Children aged 6-12 years (n = 327) and their parents were asked to participate. Children's anthropometric measurements were taken in schools, while interviews and measurements of parents were conducted at home. Children's nutritional status was assessed using height-for-age (HAZ) and weight-for-age (WAZ) z scores, while body mass index (BMI) was used for parents. Children's dietary patterns and physical activity, and household characteristics, such as food insecurity, eating ...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research
The dangers of alcohol begin at the first sip of the first drink. Although most responsible drinking habits shouldn’t be cause for major concern, everyone who drinks runs the risk of encountering the negative effects of alcohol. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans defines moderate drinking as up to 1 drink per day for women and up to 2 drinks per day for men.  A single drink is considered as: 12 ounces of beer (5% alcohol content) 8 ounces of malt liquor (7% alcohol content) 5 ounces of wine (12% alcohol content) 1.5 ounces of 80-proof (40% alcohol content) distilled spirits or liquor (e.g., gin, rum, vodka, ...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Alcohol Rehab Information Alcoholism alcohol abuse alcohol dependence alcohol dependency alcohol detox alcohol treatment alcohol treatment center alcohol treatment facility Alcoholics Anonymous Source Type: blogs
While recreational marijuana is legal in 11 states as of November 2019, more states gravitating toward legalizing the recreational use of the substance, and 33 states allowing medical marijuana, there’s apparently no stopping this trend. Cannabis, in the form of marijuana, hemp, and cannabidiol (CBD)  is being used for pain relief, to alleviate stress, cope with anxiety, and a number of other mental health disorders and addictions. Yet, there’s a dearth of clinical studies that have been conducted on the overall effects on a user’s health. Clearly, as Crain’s Detroit Business points out, more ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Medications Substance Abuse Cannabis Marijuana Source Type: blogs
There is a commonly held belief that winter conditions — that are characterized by extreme cold and low sunlight — are connected to heavy drinking. Whenever we think of countries in Northern Europe we instantly think of sub-zero temperatures, dark clouds and polar landscapes. We also imagine its inhabitants tucked in a bar drinking their sorrows away. What creates this image is the perception that strong spirits and binge drinking are a staple of many Northern countries. However, scientific and factual evidence shows a more nuanced picture. Statistical Verdict The argument that countries with a colder climate e...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Addictions Substance Abuse alcohol use Alcoholism heavy drinking Holiday Blues Holiday Season Public Health Winter Source Type: news
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), which researchers have estimated affect 2 to 5 percent of the U.S. population, are lifelong conditions that result from exposure to alcohol in utero. Kenneth L. Jones, David W. Smith and colleagues are credited with discovering the birth defects and long-term impacts on cognitive and social functioning caused by fetal...continue reading The post FASD: A guide for mental health professionals appeared first on Counseling Today.
Source: Counseling Today - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Counseling Today Member Insights Children & Adolescents Counselors Audience Substance Abuse & Addictions Source Type: research
One of my challenges in working with patients suffering from addictive illnesses is to help increase their motivation to stick with a long-term recovery plan. This is a significant challenge for many reasons, especially because the disease of addiction affects the brain's ability to value long term recovery. The one exception to this difficulty, in many cases, is when a female patient gets pregnant. I have witnessed women who struggled for years with an addictive illness discover they are pregnant and, when the pregnancy is wanted, are able to make incredible strides in their recovery. They are often able to maintain sobri...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Here are the facts. By Nina Bahadur, SELF Image: Jocelyn Runice for SELF On Feb. 1, the CDC released new guidelines urging women of childbearing age to avoid drinking alcohol unless they are using contraception. This new guideline is designed to prevent fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), which are caused by a fetus being exposed to alcohol in utero. FASD is a 100 percent preventable condition. According to the CDC, more than 3.3 million U.S. women are at risk of exposing a developing fetus to alcohol because they drink, are sexually active, and don't use birth control and are therefore at risk for an unplanned preg...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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