Pulmonary rehabilitation for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Has it peaked?

Respirology, EarlyView.
Source: Respirology - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

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This study describes the long-term comorbidity profile and treatment burden among people with HIV-1 infection.Methods: This retrospective study included Medicaid claims data from patients with ≥1 antiretroviral (ARV) claim between 2016 and 2017 (most recent claim defined the index date), ≥1 HIV diagnosis within 1 year before index, age ≥18 years at first HIV diagnosis and
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
Streptomycetes, typical soil dwellers, can be detected as common colonizers of human bodies, especially the skin, the respiratory tract, the guts and the genital tract using molecular techniques. However, their clinical manifestations and isolations are rare. Recently they were discussed as possible “coaches” of the human immune system in connection with certain immune disorders and cancer. This work aimed for the characterization and evaluation of genetic adaptations of a human-associated strain Streptomyces sp. TR1341. The strain was isolated from sputum of a senior male patient with a history of lung and kid...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe purpose of this review article is to provide an overview of sleep and pulmonary comorbidities in patients with psoriasis and summarize important recent findings.Recent FindingsEvidence continues to show that patients with psoriasis experience greater chronic sleep impairment when compared to healthy counterparts. In addition to other comorbidities seen in psoriasis patients, including cardiovascular disease, obesity, and diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease have increased frequency in this population.SummarySleep and pulmonary comorbidities in psoriasis co...
Source: Current Dermatology Reports - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
We report the use of lung magnetic resonance (MRI) with hyperpolarized gas in the identification of lung abnormalities in a patient with bronchopulmonary dysplasia with underlying chronic airflow limitation, who meets the spirometry criteria for early-onset COPD.
Source: The American Journal of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Brief Observation Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of the ReviewThe aim of this work is to contribute to the knowledge of the epidemiology of pneumocystosis orPneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) in Venezuela, by an updated review of the information currently available.Recent FindingsThe PCP epidemiology in Venezuela is not formally known. There is no national surveillance program for mycosis, and systemic mycoses are not mandatory notification diseases. Efforts made to record the disease in our country have not been sufficient; therefore, there is a sub-registry. All the information carried out prevents comparisons with other reports due to the variation...
Source: Current Fungal Infection Reports - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionTo examine the correlation of pulmonary functions and neutrophyle/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) with optic coherence tomography findings in stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).MethodsFifty ‐five COPD (110 eyes) and 48 control cases (96 eyes) were enrolled. COPD patients were grouped as Group 1 (mild‐moderate) and Group 2 (severe) according to GOLD classification. Subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT), ganglion cell‐inner plexiform layer (GCIP) and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) analysis by SD‐OCT were performed in follow up. NLR was calculated by blood cell count.ResultsInferior RNFL a...
Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
;rez López Sánchez There is a high prevalence of comorbidities among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Comorbidities are likely common in patients with any COPD degree and are associated with increased mortality. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of thirty-one different COPD comorbidities and to evaluate the association between physical activity (PA) levels in people with COPD residing in Spain. Cross-sectional data from the Spanish National Health Survey 2017 were analysed. A total of 601 adults (52.2% females) with COPD aged 15 to 69 participated in this ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Conclusions: Inflammatory pathways associated with pulmonary dysfunction in PLWH suggest multifaceted immune dysregulation involved in different phenotypes of pulmonary dysfunction with a potential specific contribution of the Th17 pathway to airway obstruction in PLWH. Identification of these associations may help in development of treatments that could alter the course of the disease.
Source: JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Translational Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 January 2020Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In PracticeAuthor(s): Yong Suk Jo, Yong Il Hwang, Kwang Ha Yoo, Tae-Hyung Kim, Myung Goo Lee, Sang Haak Lee, Kyeong-Cheol Shin, Kwang Ho In, Hyoung Kyu Yoon, Chin Kook Rhee, Korean Asthma Research Group &KOCOSS cohortAbstractBackgroundFew reports have investigated the efficacy of using inhaled corticosteroid (ICS)-containing inhalers to treat patients with asthma–chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) overlap (ACO).ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of ICS treatment on patients with ACO using five sets ...
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Authors: Wouters EF, Posthuma R, Koopman M, Liu WY, Sillen MJ, Hajian B, Sastry M, Spruit M, Franssen FM Abstract Introduction: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is one of the core components in the management of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In order to achieve the maximal level of independence, autonomy, and functioning of the patient, targeted therapies and interventions based on the identification of physical, emotional and social traits need to be provided by a dedicated, interdisciplinary PR team.Areas covered: The review discusses cardiopulmonary exercise testing in the selection of...
Source: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Expert Rev Respir Med Source Type: research
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