Ventral hernia surgery in morbidly obese patients, immediate or after bariatric surgery preparation: Results of a case-matched study
Patients with obesity have a higher incidence of ventral hernias and are at greater risk of developing complications after hernia repair [1,2]. These complications include a higher risk of recurrence, wound infection, wound breakdown, and venous thromboembolic episodes. The elevated intra-abdominal pressure, increased abdominal circumference, and visceral fat may play a role, as might the association of obesity with type 2 diabetes.
Purpose: Among eyes with proliferative diabetic retinopathy, identify whether baseline characteristics impact the benefit of ranibizumab over panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) in DRCR.net Protocol S. Methods: Participants had proliferative diabetic retinopathy, visual acuity of 20/320 or better, and no previous PRP. Eyes were randomized to PRP or intravitreous 0.5-mg ranibizumab. Results: Ranibizumab was superior to PRP for change in visual acuity and development of vision-impairing central-involved diabetic macular edema over 2 years (P
Conclusion: Multispectral imaging displayed an excellent agreement with fundus fluorescein angiography in DR grading, which suggested that it might serve as a new diagnostic technique and an informative tool for evaluating DR.
Purpose: To quantify retinal microvascular alterations using optical coherence tomography angiography in diabetic patients, and to evaluate the accuracy of decreased vessel density (VD) in predicting early diabetic retinopathy (DR). Methods: One hundred and two eyes of 51 diabetic patients and 92 eyes of 46 individuals without diabetes were examined. Duration of diabetes, insulin therapy, blood pressure, HbA1C, dyslipidemia, axial length, and the presence of DR were recorded. Retinal VD was measured using optical coherence tomography angiography. The effect of risk factors on VD and on DR was assessed using multivaria...
Purpose: To evaluate the clinical effectiveness of intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) injection combined with cataract surgery in the treatment of patients with cataract and coexisting diabetic retinopathy (DR). Methods: Pertinent comparative studies were identified through systemic searches of PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register up to March 1, 2016. Outcome measures included corrected distance vision acuity, central macular thickness, and progression of DR and maculopathy. A meta-analysis was performed using RevMan (Cochrane Collaboration, Oxford, United Kingdom). Results: Six studies describin...
ConclusionsMetS-Z remained linked to future CHD and diabetes when assessed from non-fasting samples. A score such as this may allow for identification of at-risk individuals and serve as a motivation toward interventions to reduce risk.
ConclusionOur results support the hypothesis that the process of atherosclerotic plaque calcification presents a number of similarities with the physiological processes that occur in bone, involving both osteoblasts- and osteoclasts-like arterial cells. Finally, the present study suggests that risk factors, such as hypertension, cigarette smoke and diabetes, can cause the destabilization of the atheromatic plaque acting on calcification process as well as inflammation.
According to this study: Aspirin has potential benefits in the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients with diabetes, but the risks may outweigh the benefits.The use of low-dose aspirin may need to be individualized, based on a person's risk of CVD and bleeding.
According to this study: Five years after gastric bypass, adolescents and adults had weight loss that was similar in magnitude.Remission of diabetes and hypertension occurred more often in adolescents than adults.
ConclusionSynchronous VHR and BS in a bariatric unit is feasible with low recurrence rate. Laparoscopic VHR has lower complication rates than open, apart from seroma formation. Patients with diabetes have higher risk of infection.
Patients with obesity have a higher incidence of ventral hernias and are at greater risk of developing complications after hernia repair (1,2). These include a higher risk of recurrence, wound infection, wound breakdown and venous thromboembolic episodes. The elevated intra-abdominal pressure, increased abdominal circumference and visceral fat may play a role as does the association of obesity with type 2 diabetes.